How to stop climate catastrophe | What the Future
How to stop climate catastrophe | What the Future
6:23

How to stop climate catastrophe | What the Future

Science
[MUSIC] The Trump administration's new climate report suggests that the president is wrong about climate change. So what the heck can we do about it? Welcome to What the Future. On today's show, ideas Is to stop the coming climate catastrophe. A plane with no moving parts makes its first flight at MIT thanks to an ion thruster engine. And last but certainly not least, NASA's first Mar's landing in over six years was a success and we've got pictures. But first we've got to have a great climate. [SOUND] I want Great climate. By now you've probably heard of the massive climate report released by the Trump administration on Black Friday. It paints a frightening picture. Earth could see 12 degrees of warming by the end of the century, the US could loss one tenth of its GDP, and displaced people could create a refugee crisis of historic proportions. So what can we do to mitigate the damage? Let's talk about the most WTF idea first, dimming the Sun. No, this isn't a plan suggested by Mr. Burns. It actually comes to us from researchers at Harvard and Yale. They call the idea Stratospheric aerosol injection, and it involves spraying massive amounts of sulfate particles into the air about 12 miles above the earth. Researchers say it could cut the rate of global warming in half, but it could also lead to other unintended consequences, such as worsening droughts, damaging crops, Or extreme weather events. [MUSIC] Plus the technology required doesn't even exist yet. It would only be a temporary solution to the real problem driving climate change, greenhouse gas emission. Thankfully, Canadian-based company, Carbon Engineering, is working on a solution. Established in 2009, the company set out to take CO2 out of the atmosphere and turn it into carbon-neutral fuel for transportation. And it has already proven successful. There pilot plant in British Columbia has been using hydropower. To remove CO2 from the air and turn it into fuel for almost a year now. If fossil fuels need to stay in the ground to avoid climate catastrophe, may be these turbines neutral fuels could some day take that place. While these new technologies are exciting, technology alone will not stop climate catastrophe. It's just one piece of the puzzle. The other major piece of the puzzle is policy. [MUSIC] And that's where the green new deal comes in. The term green new deal has been used to describe a potential stimulus package addressing environmental and financial crises for over ten years. It's back in the news again, And thanks to efforts from activist groups, the Sunrise movement and Justice Democrates. Named after FTR new deal, the green new deal would aim to get the United States operating at 100% renewable nergy in 10 years. It would focus on decarbonizing Americas most polluting industries, investing in the culture of green house gases [MUSIC] Making green technology a major export of the United States and creating tons of green jobs. [MUSIC] Since the democrats won control of the House in the midterms, the sunrise movement has been pushing democratic leadership to create a select committee that would draft the legislation for a green new deal. So that it could be ready for 2020 in the event of more Democratic victories. They want the committee to be made up of politicians that reject fossil fuel donations to avoid conflict of interest. If you support something like this, consider reaching out to your representative in Congress and letting them know you want them to support a select committee for a green new deal. 12 representatives have already signed on in support. [MUSIC] And now for something straight out of a sci-fi movie. An electric plane with no moving parts. It is propelled by something called electro-aerodynamic propulsion or EAD for short. An EAD thruster creates a high voltage across two electrodes. Ions flow from the smaller electrode to the larger one. Creating an ionic wind which generates thrust for the aircraft MIT successful test flight proves. This technology has potential ionic propulsion is relatively silent meaning it could be a welcome substitute for those loud obnoxious drones, which might be delivering your Amazon package. In the not too distant future. Researchers at MIT say the next step is to develop these ion thrusters to be used alongside traditional propulsion to increase fuel efficiency. [SOUND] Insight has landed. The Martian probe touched down on the red The planet Monday afternoon, and it's already sending back that red deserty goodness. Here's the first image InSight beamed back for us from the Martian surface. NASA's latest Mars mission aims to gather new information about Mars' composition, Structure and how it was formed. Insight carries a seismometer which will be placed on the planets surface to measure the seismic waves and map out the interior structure of Mars. A wind and thermal shield will sit on top of the seismometer to protect it from the elements. The heat flow and physical properties probe will drill about 16 feet into the planet's surface to measure the temperature of Mars. And a radio experiment aboard Insight will measure the wobble of the Martian poles as the planet rotates, which will help scientists learn more about the composition of Mars's core. Insight will use its robotic claw to set up these complex experiments. It's basically the most expensive claw game ever made. One that plays itself. I'm very much looking forward to learning more about Mars, as Insight continues its data gathering missions. [MUSIC] [MUSIC] Since you all had jokes this week, instead of an audience question, we're gonna run down the top three roasts of the first images back from Mars. Douglas Warren cracked, it's gnat season on Mars. [MUSIC] I might be giving too much credit in assuming this one is a joke but Maurice Artis said on Facebook, Mars looks flat! I'm now a Flat-Marser! If flat Marsers aren't a real thing yet I'm sure they will be in the near future. And finally Bryan Lloyd Cueco-Estrada Pallega said, "They spend millions for those pic, I could've just sent them a photo of my but". Thank's for watching What The Future. I'm Jesse Oro, we'll see you next time. [MUSIC]

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