WorldCom files for bankruptcy protection

A $3.85 billion accounting scandal and a mountain of "junk-rated" debt leads to the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history.

4 min read
WorldCom on Sunday filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest U.S. insolvency after the long-distance telephone and data services company buckled under a $3.85 billion accounting scandal and a mountain of "junk-rated" debt.

"Because we're going to restructure our balance sheet and reduce our debt, we think we can emerge from the Chapter 11 process a stronger and healthier company," WorldCom Chief Executive John Sidgmore said in a telephone interview.

WorldCom, which has 60,000 employees and operations in 65 countries, said it expects to hire a restructuring expert to aid the current management team, and it aims to emerge from Chapter 11 in about nine to 12 months. The bankruptcy does not include its international operations.

The company, which has more than 20 million customers and transmits half the world's Internet traffic, said it will have access to up to $2 billion in debtor-in-possession (DIP) funding to keep operating, maintain its network and pay employees under the bankruptcy reorganization.

The Clinton, Miss.-based company plans to appear at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York on Monday to seek approval for the debtor-in-possession funding.

The Chapter 11 filing, which listed $107 billion in assets and $41 billion in debt, follows once high-flying companies such as energy trader Enron and Global Crossing, which crumbled into bankruptcy amid a crush of accounting investigations by federal regulators.

WorldCom last month disclosed it improperly accounted for $3.85 billion in expenses and fired its former chief financial officer, Scott Sullivan, who it alleged orchestrated the accounting debacle.

WorldCom at a glance

Headquarters: Clinton, Miss. The company has operations in 65 countries, with global network coverage of 95,000 miles.

Employees: 85,000. In June the company announced it would lay off 17,000 workers.

Customers: About 20 million long-distance and 2 million local telephone customers in the United States.

Assets: $104 billion as of March 31.

Subsidiaries: WorldCom claims ownership or a stake in a number of divisions, including
• UUNet, a global Internet protocol backbone system.
• MCI Group, a long-distance carrier.
• CompuServe, an e-mail provider.
• Digex, a Web hosting service.
• SkyTel, a one-way messaging and advanced messaging service.
• Embratel Participacoes, Brazil's market leader in data services.

Source: Reuters

Former chief executive Bernard Ebbers resigned under pressure in April. WorldCom was charged with fraud by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and faces lawsuits from several state pension funds, which alleged it provided misleading information during a 2001 bond offering.

The company expects to reduce its debt through a debt-for-equity swap that would give its bondholders an ownership stake in the reorganized company, Sidgmore said.

"We've had very positive conversations through our lawyers and bankers with the bondholders so far...I think we're going to be able to convince people that owning our equity is a good deal. As we emerge from bankruptcy stronger I think the company will have very good prospects," Sidgmore said.

A lawyer for the bondholders could not be immediately reached for comment. WorldCom's stockholders will recover little, if any, value for their investment.

Shares of WorldCom closed Friday at 9 cents on Nasdaq. The company's stock, which rocketed to $64 in 1999, had made it one of the darlings of the Wall Street bull market. The drop epitomized the bombed-out telecom industry that collapsed in a glut of capacity, excess debt and accounting scandals.

The $2 billion funding pact, as well as savings from interest payments on debt, will meet all of WorldCom funding requirements over the next year, Sidgmore said.

"We think that will last us at least a year and we'll emerge from bankruptcy without any other additional requirements," Sidgmore said. "I think it's fair to say that we will use some of the DIP financing early on, but we will leave the lion's share of it untapped," he said.

The bankruptcy status, which shields it from its creditors and debts, will free up about $2 billion a year in interest payments WorldCom normally must pay on its massive debt load, Sidgmore said.

"That's really the overhang on WorldCom for the past year and half, or two years. With the mountain of debt we had...(it) requires a couple of billion a year in interest payments. And that kind of gets in your way," Sidgmore said.

Citigroup, J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. and General Electric's GE Capital financing arm agreed to arrange the funding, which will be backed by the company's assets. WorldCom expects to get $750 million immediately.

WorldCom listed J.P. Morgan Trust Co. National Association as its largest unsecured creditor, with bond debt of $17.2 billion. Mellon Bank owns $6.6 billion of WorldCom debt, while Citibank holds $3.29 billion.

WorldCom said it has not lost any of its major customers and it did not expect the bankruptcy to hurt service.

"With the DIP financing, we're much more stable financially than we would have been under another scenario. I see no chance of service disruptions or network outages or all these things that people have been concerned about," Sidgmore said.

Since WorldCom's problems escalated, rivals such as Sprint and AT&T said they had seen a spike in inquiries from customers looking to switch carriers. J.P. Morgan analyst Marc Crossman recently estimated WorldCom could lose as much as $700 million in quarterly revenues if corporate and government clients defect to rival carriers.

"The WorldCom brand is going to take a big hit too. If they do emerge, they will have a big job reinvigorating the brand since customers don't associate it with good things anymore," said independent telecommunications analyst Jeffrey Kagan.

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