4K is dead, long live 8K!
OK, not really. But the day will come when 4K goes the way ofand is replaced by a bigger number; in this case 8K.
The first 8K TV to arrive in the US was thein the fall of 2018, and it costs a cool $15,000. You can preorder it in other sizes now too, .
Samsung may be the first, but it's not the only one. At CES 2019, numerous other TV makers, including , and . All are coming out later this year, and all are sure to be extremely expensive. These TVs will almost certainly usher in more 8K sets in 2019 and beyond, and prices are sure to fall (eventually). Now that the age of 8K TVs is almost upon us, you might have some questions.
Does this mean 4K TV is already obsolete? Do you need to rush out and buy an 8K TV or risk being unable to watch your favorite shows? Should you throw your brand-new TV out the window in a fit of disgust at its appallingly low 4K resolution?
The answer to all of these questions is "no." Here's why.
8K TV buying advice: Don't
Before we get into the nitty gritty, here's a quick summary of our current thinking regarding 8K TVs.
- Unless you have money to burn, don't even consider buying one this year.
- From what we've seen, there's very little image quality improvement over 4K TVs.
- Any image quality improvement we've seen required sitting very close to a very large screen.
- To get the most out of any 8K TV, you need actual 8K content.
- There's no 8K content (movies and TV shows) available right now and little prospect of any in the next year.
- In the next few years 8K TVs will get cheaper and perhaps actually be worth considering.
Now that you've slid your wallet back into your pocket, sit back and soak in everything there is to know about 8K TVs today.
What is 8K?
A traditional HDTV from a few years ago is 1080p, which means it has 1,920 pixels horizontally, and 1,080 vertically. Many digital cinema projectors -- the ones in movie theaters -- have a resolution of 2,048x1,080. Because it's common in Hollywood-speak to only refer to the horizontal resolution, they call that "2K," but it's basically the same as the HDTV 1080p you have at home.
The term "4K" comes from the digital cinema side, too, with a horizontal resolution of 4,096, hence "4K." However, on the TV side, manufacturing efficiencies meant we got double the horizontal and vertical resolutions of 1080p HDTV, so 3,840 by 2,160 pixels. Everyone colloquially calls this "4K," though the technical term is Ultra HD. This has four times as many pixels as 1080p HD.
Which brings us to 8K. You guessed it: twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of 4K, for a whopping 7,680x4,320 and 33,177,600 total pixels. Not only is that 4 times the resolution of 4K, that's an incredible 16 times more pixels than 1080p.
|Resolution name||Horizontal x vertical pixels||Total pixels||Other names||Found on|
|8K||7,680x4,320||33,177,600||Ultra High-Definition (UHD), Super Hi-Vision, UHD-2||Concept TVs (so far)|
|4K||3,840x2,160||8,294,400||Ultra High-Definition (UHD)||Most midrange and high-end TVs|
|1080p||1,920x1,080||2,073,600||High-Definition (HD)||Smaller, less-expensive TVs|
|720p||1,280x720||921,600||High-Definition (HD)||32-inch and smaller TVs|
Do you need 8K?
Not even a little.
As we've, there's a point of diminishing returns when it comes to resolution. The human eye can only see so much detail, and extra pixels beyond what you can discern are basically wasted. To get anything out of higher resolutions and their proportionally tinier pixels, you need to sit closer, get a bigger TV, or both.
It's rare that anyone gets a large enough TV -- or sits close enough to one -- to justify the need for 4K resolutions. 8K is excessive overkill… at least for a TV. If you're talking about massive theater-size screens like, 8K would be amazing. But since 4K is hard to discern when comparing to a 1080p TV, 4K to 8K from 10 feet away will be pretty much impossible.
Based on the math of human visual acuity, you'll need to sit really close to an 85-inch 8K screen to get any benefit of the extra resolution. Carlton Bale's superb home theater calculator, for example, says you'll need to sit 3 feet or closer (to a screen that's more than 7 feet diagonal) to see all the detail of 8K, and 5 feet or closer to see the full benefit of 4K. In other words, from further than 5 feet away you won't be able to see any benefit of an 8K TV compared to a 4K TV. And that's at 85 inches. You'll need to sit even closer to smaller TVs to discern the benefits of 8K.
What about content?
Without 8K content, an 8K TV is just a 4K TV with a few thousand dollars stuck to it with masking tape. Samsung talked up fancy "AI" upscaling technology on the Q900, designed to improve the look of mere 4K and 1080p sources on an 8K screen. And other TV makers like Sony and LG touted their own 8K special sauce at CES. But to get the most out of all those 33 million-plus pixels, the incoming source needs to be 8K too.
There are three main aspects to getting any new format viewable in your home: the content itself, transmission and playback. The Samsung 8K TV and others that will surely follow represent the playback side, that is, the TV or projector in your home. That's the easy part.
Content is tougher. First off, there are only just a few cinema cameras capable of capturing 8K. Japan's NHK has been dabbling, and will likely transmit a significant portion of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics in 8K. There has been some 8K content shot at the last several Olympics, so expect even more. There are a handful of channels on YouTube that showcase 8K content, mostly nature documentaries and the like.
Red, one of the main camera companies used for Hollywood movies, has several models that can record in this resolution, as do a few others. Interestingly, there have already been feature films shot in 8K. was the first, followed by Mortal Engines, and a few others that are upcoming. Creating 8K content is more challenging, as the cost for these cameras, plus the computers and storage capable of dealing with hundreds of terabytes, if not multiple petabytes of information, do not come cheap.
Few standards, lots of megabits
The most difficult part will be transmission: getting this modicum of 8K content to your home. There is currently no standardized way to get 8K content to your shiny 8K TV. Presumably, as more content becomes available, a special app within the TV will get you access to this high-res media. This is likely what Samsung will have to do for you to be able to see anything in 8K on its 8K TVs.
Sometime later, probably way later, the mainstream apps and companies, like Netflix, Amazon and Vudu will follow suit. Since there's little progress in getting even 4K widely adopted on cable and satellite, 8K is going to remain a rarity, to put it optimistically. At least for a while.
8K also presents another issue for the early adopter: the bandwidth required is going to be ridiculous. Most 4K content providers recommend you have an internet connection in the 20 Mbps range. 8K, even with everything else the same, has four times as many pixels. That doesn't equate exactly to a 4x increase in data or bandwidth, but, and this is just a ballpark guess, a connection requirement in the 40 to 50 Mbps range wouldn't be unexpected. Maybe you, dear CNET reader, have that kind of speed, but the vast majority of people do not.
Interestingly, we've already got the physical connection thing sorted, if any 8K media streamers hit the market. HDMI 2.1 is capable of 8K resolutions and more. But before you rush out and stock up on HDMI 2.1-compatible cables, keep in mind there will almost certainly be a new standard between now and wide adoption of 8K. So those cables might be obsolete, despite their current forward-looking appearance.
At CES 2019, all of the major 8K TV makers said that their sets would have HDMI 2.1 inputs capable of handling the 48Mbps bandwidth required for the highest resolution and frame-rate combinations (8K and 60 frames per second and 4K at 120 FPS). We alsoat some new, higher-bandwidth HDMI cables.
Why, CNET, whyyyyy???
To put on my cynic hat, increasing resolution is one of the easiest ways to offer the appearance of higher performance. This is likely what TV makers are smoking, coming out with 8K TVs when there's essentially no content and no 8K infrastructure.
Given how easy it was to market 4K as "better looking than 1080p," TV makers are claiming the same thing with 8K. But resolution is just one aspect of overall picture quality, and not one of the most important ones. Improving other aspects, like, , and so on, offer better image improvements but are significantly greater technical challenges. This is especially true for LCD technology, something Samsung is still strongly flogging -- all of its QLED TVs are just LCD TVs with .
It's relatively easy to create a higher-resolution LCD panel, but improving the other aspects of performance for that tech is a greater challenge. This is why OLED is a thing, and why many companies, including Samsung, are researching new technologies like true, and .
Don't wait for 8K
So if you're thinking about buying a new TV this year, does this mean you should hold off? Well, if your current TV works, you should probably hold on to it regardless, but new 8K TVs shouldn't be a factor. As we mentioned above, these early 8K TVs will be very expensive. We're also many, many years away from any sort of widespread 8K content. We arguably don't have widespread 4K content, and no one is talking about scrapping 4K to go directly to 8K.
The other aspect is a warning that will be seconded by countless 4K early adopters: There is no guarantee these early 8K TVs will end up being compatible with any future 8K standard. There are tens of thousands of 4K TVs that can't play any current 4K media content.
Why pay exorbitant amounts of money on a TV that barely has any content now, and might not be able to play any later? Bragging rights, I guess, and if that's your thing, who am I to stand in your way? Just keep in mind that current HDR 4K TVs look vastly better than every first-gen 4K TV and cost a fraction of the price.