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AMD Launches RDNA 3, RX 7900 XT and XTX, Its Next-Gen GPU and Tech

At $899 for the Radeon RX 7900 XT and $999 for the RX 7900 XTX, you'll be able to buy them for your 4K and 8K gaming beginning on Dec. 13.

Lori Grunin Senior Editor / Advice
I've been reviewing hardware and software, devising testing methodology and handed out buying advice for what seems like forever; I'm currently absorbed by computers and gaming hardware, but previously spent many years concentrating on cameras. I've also volunteered with a cat rescue for over 15 years doing adoptions, designing marketing materials, managing volunteers and, of course, photographing cats.
Expertise Photography, PCs and laptops, gaming and gaming accessories
Lori Grunin
4 min read
A rendering of the Radeon RX 7900 XTX card, angled back and to your right, showing the three fans and connectors

In their typical goliath two-step, AMD follows Nvidia's recent GeForce RTX 4000/Ada Lovelace architecture debut with its competing series, the Radeon RX 7000 line, and its own architecture upgrade, RDNA 3. The first two cards out of the gate will be the RX 7900 XTX and RX 7900 XT, shipping on Dec. 13, for $999 and $899, respectively. 

Both cards are intended for 4K, high frame rate, high quality gaming and streaming, but AMD's also pitching the XTX as an 8K gaming GPU. And to prove 8K is coming, the company teased an upcoming Samsung Odyssey Neo G9 8K widescreen monitor slated for its official announcement at CES in January. The company also says that we'll be seeing high-res DisplayPort 2.1 monitors starting in the beginning of 2023 from companies like Dell, Asus, LG and Acer and Samsung.


AMD Radeon RX 7900 XTXRadeon RX 7900 XT
Memory 24GB GDDR620GB GDDR6
Memory bandwidth (GBps) 960 (up to 3,500 with 96MB Infinity cache)800 (up to 2,900 with 80MB Infinity Cache)
GPU clock (GHz, base/boost) 1.9/2.51.5/2.4
Memory data rate/Interface 20Gbps/384-bit20Gbps/320-bit
Compute units and Ray accelerators 9684
Streaming multiprocessors 6,1445,376
Process 5nm and 6nm5nm and 6nm
TGP/min PSU (watts) 355/800300/750
Connectors 2 x DP 2.1, 1 x HDMI 2.1, 1 x USB-C2 x DP 2.1, 1 x HDMI 2.1, 1 x USB-C
Size 2.5 slots; 11.3 in./287mm long2.5 slots; 10.9 in./276 mm long
Launch price $999$899
Ship date Dec. 13Dec. 13

In addition to AMD's in-house cards, third-party cards will be available from AMD's usual partners, such as Asus.


8K? Well, RDNA 3 and the new GPUs add support for DisplayPort 2.1, which has the bandwidth necessary to support 165Hz 8K at 12 bits per color (up from 10 bits) for HDR and to enable full gamut coverage of Rec.2020, or up to 480Hz in 4K. That's a link bandwidth of up to 54Gbps, up from 20Gbps in DP 1.4a, which Nvidia's cards still use. 

Keep in mind that GPUs are usually well out front of monitors when it comes to color and bit depth, though. (So get ready for meaningless, breathless exclamations of "68 billion colors!" in monitor marketing materials.)

DP 2.1 works in conjunction with AMD's new Radiance Display Engine, which also supports up to 8K/60p simultaneous HEVC encoding and decoding (a boost for streamers), AV1 encode acceleration and AI-enhanced encoding via dedicated AI acceleration silicon.

RDNA 3 architecture improves on RDNA 2 in several ways. It's the first GPU built from chiplets, the modular building blocks of modern processor design. 

For one thing, it allows AMD to use different process sizes on the same die, in this case a 5nm graphics core and 6nm memory cache die. This can result in the ability to optimize performance of the two separately, to squeeze in more power or speed where it does the most good, and ultimately fit a better processor in the same space and power envelope as earlier models.

It enables AMD to add dedicated AI acceleration and improved raytracing accelerators -- a weakness it's traditionally had versus Nvidia's RTX cores -- and to decouple the memory clock speeds from the compute unit speeds to help conserve power draw. AMD claims the GPU gets better DirectX raytracing (DXR) performance.

A render of the RX 7900 series GPU

The RX 7900 GPU


The chiplet dies incorporate second-generation Infinity cache, which streamlines use of available memory over the earlier version, meaning it doesn't have to pop out to system memory as much -- a faster and lower latency approach.

And SmartAccess Video joins the company's other "smart" technologies, like Smart Access Memory. In this case, when you have a system equipped with a Ryzen 7000 CPU and RX 7000 GPU, it can distribute encoding and decoding tasks between the two for better performance. That's coming starting in December.

AMD Advantage Desktops

SAV factors into the company's new partner program for desktops similar to its AMD Advantage for laptops, which basically means a system uses all the cutting-edge AMD technologies, as well as robust cooling (with a liquid-cooled CPU), premium system design with tool-free entry, at least 32GB DDR5 memory and an 80 Plus Gold power supply.

The program seems to be intended for custom-build companies -- at least initially -- given that the highlighted list of partners are CyberPower PC, Falcon Northwest, Maingear, Origin PC and the like.

FidelityFX Super Resolution 3 and Adrenalin

AMD didn't provide any details for the biggest update to its performance optimization algorithms (I just can't call it and DLSS "upscaling" anymore, since they've both grown significantly beyond those roots), FSR 3, but on the surface, "Fluid Motion Frames" sounds an awful lot like Nvidia's Frame Generation, the biggest upgrade to DLSS 3

If it does the same thing, Fluid Motion Frames enhances speculative rendering from "what does this pixel look like in the next frame" to "how is the next frame different and how does that translate to changes in a given pixel" for lower latency without detail loss in detailed scenes.

AMD's Adrenalin gaming hub-slash-optimization utility will also introduce a notable new feature in the first half of 2023, dubbed "Hyper-RX" mode: It will be a one-click optimizer for performance and latency that takes into account all the settings you'd normally have to hunt down and tweak individually. It's aimed at those of us who like "faster," but can live without the hassle induced by tweaking for "fastest."