/>

The 7 best places to live in the universe (after Earth)

Eventually, humans are going to have to ditch their third rock from the sun. Here's where a NASA scientist says we should go next.

Leslie Gornstein
screen-shot-2015-10-27-at-11-10-00-am.png
1 of 16 Warner Bros.

Mankind after Earth

There's a reason why NASA keeps sending robots to other planets and moons in our solar system: Eventually, the theory goes, mankind will want to colonize elsewhere. But where?

Here's a list of the most promising real estate in space, according to Jim Green, planetary science division director at NASA.

His top pick? That cartoon over there to the left should be a pretty big hint ...

600mkt0950sharp-1047ccrgb.jpg
2 of 16 20th Century Fox

Mars FTW

"Mars is no. 1, bar none," Green says.

And not just because Matt Damon is out there waiting for us to join him.

"The thinking used to be that astronauts were going to have bring all their water with them, but there is plenty of water on Mars," Green says. "It's weeping out of craters in the summers; there are aquifers.

"So, no, we've learned we won't need to bring all of our water. We'll bring a straw, because we know where we can go to get it."

martian-potatoes.jpg
3 of 16 20th Century Fox

Mars: The veggies will be delicious

Another bonus for living on Mars: Easier farming than we thought.

After production on the "Martian" film began, the Mars Curiosity rover revealed fresh details about Martian soil. Turns out, it's more fertile than we thought.

"We didn't know this before we started on the movie, but there are more nitrates and nitrogen in Martian soil than we ever imagined," Green says.

titan.jpg
4 of 16 NASA

Runner up no. 1: Titan

If Mars is already a little too crowded for you, consider Titan, a moon of Saturn, and the only such body known to have a dense atmosphere.

"It's got an atmosphere mostly nitrogen just like Earth," Green explains.

Shown here is an artist's imagining of a lander on Titan.

titan3.jpg
5 of 16 NASA

Titan: It's no moon?

As moons go, Titan is more planet-like than your typical satellite.

"It's a captured moon of Saturn, and yet it is bigger than Mercury," Green says. "If it were going around the sun, we would call it a planet."

titan2.jpg
6 of 16 NASA

Titan: Pack lots of layers

Titan also happens to have an orbital period of 16 days (compared with Earth's 365) so humans would have some adjusting to do when it comes to the workday. And oh: Temps also average about -179.5 degrees Celsius. So. Bring some sweaters.

europa2.jpg
7 of 16 NASA

Oceanfront property: Europa

"If you're looking for more of an ocean world," Green muses, "it would be Europa."

A moon of Jupiter, Europa is believed by planetary scientists to have lots of water, and it may even be liquid: "The tidal forces from Jupiter could accelerate enough energy on Europa that it would literally melt its ice crust, creating an ocean," Green says.

europa.jpg
8 of 16 NASA

Europa: Water below

In fact, there may be even more water on Europa than there is here at home; it's just under the crust, Green says.

"If we evolve to breathe water and get our oxygen that way, like fish, we could thrive there," Green says.

moon.jpg
9 of 16 NASA

Don't write off the moon

Of course location, location, location is always key when seeking out new property. The moon sure is close, and it's a known quantity.

moon2.jpg
10 of 16 NASA

The moon: You could do better

That said, technically, Green says, mankind could do better by looking farther afield.

"The challenge is that it's not habitable like a planet that holds and maintains an atmosphere," Green says.

Then again, humans continue to evolve, and who knows what we'll be capable of in a million years or so?

"If we could evolve to breathe CO2 instead of O2, we could do fine on the moon. We just haven't had the environment to evolve that way; we are what our environment has made us."

1455959390823ca6e9c7fz.jpg
11 of 16

Ganymede: It's just huge

Named after the mythical Trojan adonis and cupbearer of the Greek gods, Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon, is another world with big potential, Green says.

ganymede.jpg
12 of 16 NASA

Ganymede: Plenty of room

"It has an under-crust ocean," Green explains. "It also generates its own magnetic field and is the largest moon in the solar system.

"It's an enormous body, bigger than Titan and only slightly smaller than Mars. And it might be able to harbor life. "

ganymede2.jpg
13 of 16 NASA

Ganymede: Bring a long, long straw

Another bonus: Like Europa, Ganymede may have even more water than Earth...via an internal ocean.

venus.jpg
14 of 16 NASA

Venus: Just hear us out on this one

With its super-hot temps and gassy atmosphere, Venus may seem like a hellhole. But apparently it could also be ripe for gentrification.

"We know it has a runaway greenhouse effect," Green says. But that's just now.

"If that calms down over time, the whole environment might change significantly," Green says.

Plus: "Consider that there is probably more life below our ground than there is above it; whether Venus could harbor life under its surface is not known. We can only guess."

pia19618-226-640x350.jpg
15 of 16 NASA

Ceres: Fascinating landscaping

Ceres is that dwarf planet between Mars and Jupiter, the one with those bright spots that got scientists all excited earlier this year.

It turns out Ceres could also make a nice home for humans one day.

"It has a significant amount of ice on it and even a water zone," Green says. "It's a fabulous body, and if we learn to live and work on the moon, we should easily be able to live and work on Ceres."

lucky7.jpg
16 of 16 NASA

Super Earths!

Planetary scientists also like to talk about theoretical bodies -- planets that likely exist, and that might make a good place to visit.

"There is probably a planet out there that is Earth-size," Green muses, "maybe much like Earth and in our local cloud of stars that is very close by -- I mean maybe less than 100 light-years.

"All indications are that it's there. And that it's a super-Earth."

More Galleries

2022 Ford Maverick: This super-affordable hybrid pickup could be a gamechanger

More Galleries

2022 Ford Maverick: This super-affordable hybrid pickup could be a gamechanger

66 Photos
Nintendo Switch: The 36 best games to play in 2021

More Galleries

Nintendo Switch: The 36 best games to play in 2021

37 Photos
Toyota Land Cruiser J300 flagship is now forbidden fruit

More Galleries

Toyota Land Cruiser J300 flagship is now forbidden fruit

17 Photos
Refreshed Tesla Model S has a Knight Rider steering wheel

More Galleries

Refreshed Tesla Model S has a Knight Rider steering wheel

16 Photos
2022 Lexus NX crossover looks better inside and out

More Galleries

2022 Lexus NX crossover looks better inside and out

54 Photos
New movies coming out in 2021: Netflix, Marvel and more

More Galleries

New movies coming out in 2021: Netflix, Marvel and more

65 Photos
Best dating apps of 2021

More Galleries

Best dating apps of 2021

13 Photos