SCHWANGAU, Germany--This is the world famous Neuschwanstein Castle, the onetime home of "Mad" King Ludwig II. Ludwig, who was King of Bavaria from 1864 to 1886, wanted a home near the castle he grew up in--known as Hohenschwangau--that he could retreat to and get away from the sycophants who plagued him, as well as the public. Work began in 1869 and ended in 1886.
But Ludwig nearly bankrupted the monarchy making the castle, and in order to remove him from the throne, he was declared insane. Arrested in his bedroom in the castle--which was still not finished--he was taken to another palace in Munich. There, the next day, he went for a walk with his psychiatrist, and later that evening, the two were found dead. The cause of their deaths was never determined to anyone's satisfaction.
These days, Neuschwanstein is one of the most visited attractions in Europe, with more than 1.3 million annually, despite its inconvenient location in southern Bavaria, just across the Austrian border. Here, we see a classic view of the castle from the famous Marianbrucke bridge.
CNET reporter Daniel Terdiman visited Neuschwanstein as part of Road Trip 2011.
Ludwig had a penchant for all things German medieval, as well as noble. His ideal design for his new castle was a combination of the medieval and the romantic, as seen here in this design drawing from 1869.
This photograph of Neuschwanstein was taken shortly after King Ludwig's death and shows the scaffolding that conveys that the castle was never finished--even when the king was living there, as he did for about six months before his arrest and untimely death at the age of 41.
This is a photograph of the Throne Room in Neuschwanstein. A glorious room, it is missing one important element, the throne. It was not finished prior to Ludwig's death and upon his demise, the decision was made to stop working on it.
A lover of opera, Ludwig dedicated Neuschwanstein to the operatic works of Richard Wagner. As well, he had this grotto constructed as a small token "scene" he could wander through whenever he needed a taste of opera.
In this picture, we can see the Austrian Tyrolean Alps, the Alpsee Lake, and on the right side, Hohenschwangau Castle, where King Ludwig II grew up. This castle was constructed by his father, King Maximilian, to replace the original castle on the site, known as Schwanstein. This photo was taken from Neuschwanstein, which means New Schwanstein Castle.
This is a painting of St. George and the Dragon, located inside Neuschwanstein Castle. Most of the artworks inside the castle were based on the themes explored in the operas of Richard Wagner. King Ludwig dedicated the castle to Wagner's operas.