The $5 note follows the release of the $20, $50, and $100 bills in the Bank of Canada's polymer series. The series is designed to reduce counterfeiting and cut production costs.
In the 1880s, Canada completed what was then the world's longest railway, uniting the eastern and western parts of the country.
Poppy flowers, also seen on the note, are often associated with Remembrance Day, November 11, because they grew on WWI battlefields. The building on the lower left is Parliament's Peace Tower.