Many QAnon believers running for political office during the midterms lost their races.
Why it matters
The concerted effort by QAnon followers to take over important state offices failed.
The QAnon conspiracy theory falsely claims former President Donald Trump fought a hidden war against a cabal of Satanist pedophiles in Hollywood and the Democratic Party while he was in the White House. Believers in the debunked conspiracy ran for high-ranking positions in midterm elections across several states but ultimately lost.
Belief in the conspiracy theory's ridiculous claims, which originated back in 2017, continues to infect politics although it appears the midterm elections were a repudiation of the former president as well as those who believe in the conspiracy. The nonpartisan Public Religion Research Institute, a nonprofit that researches the intersection of religion, culture and public policy, released a study in February showing that nearly 16% of Americans believe the core QAnon conspiracy theory.
"QAnon has evolved from a movement centered around Trump leading a secret military intelligence operation to save the world, into a movement that not only doesn't need Trump but doesn't even need the iconography it developed over the past four years," said Mike Rothschild, conspiracy researcher and author of The Storm Is Upon Us, which provides a history of the QAnon conspiracy theory.
Conspiracy theories can be dangerous and even deadly, as seen during the COVID-19 pandemic as vaccine misinformation led to some people succumbing to the virus. Despite being repeatedly debunked, belief in the QAnon conspiracy theory continues to infect areas of politics beyond Trump. So far this year, aspects of the QAnon have seeped into protests, a Supreme Court hearing and legislation.
"Its mythology of secret pedophile rings, suppressed cures and technology, massive corruption and fraud propelling a [purportedly] decrepit Joe Biden into office and COVID being a hoax, have infected every aspect of mainstream conservative politics and culture," Rothschild added.
Here are some of the current events that QAnon has latched onto, some obvious and others less so.
QAnon candidates lose midterms
In 2020, almost 100 candidates who expressed support for QAnon ran for office. The two most prominent candidates who won their races were Rep. Lauren Boebert, a Republican from Colorado, and Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, a Republican from Georgia.
Most of the QAnon candidates who were on the Republican ticket lost their races in the midterm elections. Those who lost on the state level include gubernatorial candidates Doug Mastriano for Pennsylvania and Dan Cox for Maryland, and secretary of state candidates Mark Finchem for Arizona, Jim Marchant for Nevada and Kristina Karamo for Michigan. One secretary of state candidate who did win their race was Diego Morales of Indiana.
QAnon influencer who goes by the name Juan O. Savin -- whose real name is Wayne Williot but uses an alias intended to sound similar to James Bond's codename "007" -- was behind the coalition to get Q faithful candidates into the secretary of state offices in Arizona, Michigan and Nevada, according to a report from Media Matters. The 2020 presidential elections and false claims of voter fraud made Americans more aware of the responsibilities of the position of secretary of state. In many states, this is the official who helps determine whether an election had voter fraud issues.
One candidate who didn't get past his primary race also happened to be the person allegedly responsible for posting as the mysterious figure behind the conspiracy theory. Ron Watkins is the former site administrator for the anonymous board 8chan and, as laid out in the Q: Into the Storm documentary series, the person purportedly responsible for many of the Q drops (he denies it). Watkins gained prominence among Republicans following the 2020 presidential election, when he repeated claims of election fraud, which have since been debunked.
Watkins' campaign in the Republican primary for Arizona's 2nd congressional district seat ended on Aug. 2 when he came in last place, with 1,952 votes, according to Ballotpedia.
On Truth Social, the social media platform that he owns, Trump regularly promotes content from QAnon believers. This is a stark contrast from his time in office when he said he didn't know much about QAnon. One example of his embracing the conspiracy theory is a post from Sept. 12 showing a graphic of him wearing a Q lapel pin. The image also includes a phrase commonly used by believers in the conspiracy theory -- "The storm is coming" -- and the abbreviation "WWG1WGA," which refers to the Q slogan "Where we go one, we go all."
Along with promoting QAnon posts on Truth Social, Trump began using a song at his rallies that's very similar to a song used in QAnon videos. As the music played at his Ohio rally on Sept. 18, those in attendance began holding up one finger in what appeared to be a salute to Trump.
Trump's representatives didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.
Truth Social becomes a hub for QAnon
In late 2021, Trump said he would start a new social media platform called Truth Social. It launched in early 2022, and while the former president didn't post on it for months, he has made heavy use of it especially since the FBI search on his estate, Mar-a-Lago, on Aug. 8.
The promotion of QAnon appears to be part of the strategy for Truth Social. A researcher tweeted in August how the Q account on the platform was created a day before Trump's account.
In May 2019, Attorney General Bill Barr ordered an investigation into the 2016 presidential election and tapped US Attorney John Durham to lead it. Many QAnon followers viewed this investigation as part of the "storm" that would lead to arrests of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and others within the Democratic National Committee. One of the last messages from Q in 2020 had only one word: Durham.
Both Trump and Q followers shared their dismay at the US legal system after the acquittal was announced. Some also began to spin the decision to support the false conspiracy.
Durham's investigation appears to be nearing an end, according a report from the New York Times on Sept. 14. A grand jury for hearing evidence has expired and there appear to be no plans to convene another.
Jan. 6 committee hearing reveals Trump's QAnon inner circle
The three, along with former Trump attorney Rudy Guiliani, advised Trump to call a national emergency and seize voting machines, which they falsely claimed had been compromised. Their suggestions countered those of former White House officials who had little reason to doubt the election was conducted fairly, leading to a screaming match between the two groups.
The return of Q
On Dec. 8, 2020, Q made what many people thought would be a final post. But on June 24 the account began posting again on 8kun, formerly known as 8chan.
The three posts made by the Q account consisted of the same sort of cryptic verbiage used previously. Another post was made on June 28 referencing Cassidy Hutchinson, a former aide to then White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows. Hutchinson testified in front of the Jan. 6 committee the same day.
Posts from conspiracy theorists in 2021 claimed falsely that Biden and his son, Hunter, were part of a plot to develop bioweapons in foreign countries, according to Media Matters. One of the countries mentioned was Ukraine.
Days before Russia began spreading misinformation about biolabs, a conspiracy theory Twitter account shared the false claim about the labs in Ukraine. It began circulating in QAnon circles, and then quickly spread to other right-wing forums and was amplified by conservative media including Fox News' Tucker Carlson. Eventually, both Russia and China began running with the narrative of the Ukraine biolabs.
This news sent some QAnon believers into a fervor on various social media platforms where they congregate, such as Gab and Telegram.
They suggested Trump's possible return to Twitter was predicted by Q in 2017 and would be a sign the former president was about to confirm a crackdown on the fictional cabal. Like the entire QAnon conspiracy, this is completely false.
QAnon believers took to social media platforms such as Telegram and Truth Social, posting messages supporting the Republican senators pursuing these attacks and denouncing Jackson. The Q faithful viewed these senators to be in support of their conspiracy that Democrats were part of a pedophile cabal and turned a blind eye to child sex crimes.
At the start of the year, a group of anti-vaxxers in Canada formed a movement to occupy the country's capital over vaccine requirements, using semi-trucks. The trucker convoy lasted weeks as trucks camped out in Ottawa before Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made use of emergency powers to force the removal of the protestors.
In March, a similar protest happened in the US with the goal of reaching Washington, DC. This version got much less attention and support, in part due to the beginning of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
QAnon believers played a role in both the protests. COVID vaccine misinformation runs rampant in the Q communities, and that misinformation begins infecting other right-wing groups. Trucks and other vehicles in both the US and Canada were adorned with QAnon logos and slogans.
Protests at the entrance of Disney World in Orlando, Florida, started in April. Those protesting chanted and carried signs referring to Disney World as "Pedo World" and the slogan "OK, groomer," which is a take on the "OK, boomer" meme.