Cassidy Hutchinson, former aide to Trump chief of staff Mark Meadows, testified at the surprise hearing from the Jan. 6 committee.
Why it matters
She testified how Trump was aware Jan. 6 attendees had weapons, and how he was furious that he couldn't go to the Capitol.
Tuesday's surprise hearing by the House committee investigating the deadly Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the US Capitol featured the testimony of Cassidy Hutchinson, who was an aide to then-President Donald Trump's chief of staff Mark Meadows. She says the former president knew those in attendance were armed and didn't care. He also attempted to grab the steering wheel of the car driving him back to the White House and lunged at a Secret Service agent after he was told they couldn't take him to the Capitol, according to Hutchinson.
Formed nearly a year ago, the who influenced the more than 800 people who have been criminally charged in an attempt to stop Congress from certifying President Joe Biden's win in the 2020 election. Tuesday's hearing was the committee's sixth session for June with more planned for July.has been investigating the circumstances behind the Jan. 6 attack and those
When is the next Jan. 6 committee hearing?
The committee said it has plans for more sessions in July, but it has yet to provide a schedule for the next hearing.
How can I watch the previous hearings?
What did the committee reveal in the first hearing?
The first hearing, on June 9, gave an overview of what to expect while also showing never-before-seen deposition testimony and footage from the Capitol riot.
Committee chairman Rep. Thompson, and Rep. Liz Cheney, the committee vice chairwoman and a Republican from Wyoming, spoke throughout the two-hour hearing. They revealed how officials from Trump's administration didn't believe his claims of voter fraud, how multiple Republican members of Congress sought presidential pardons for their roles in trying to overturn the election, and how, when the mob chanted "Hang Mike Pence," the vice president, Trump said: "He deserves it."
The second half of the hearing included testimony from two witnesses: documentary filmmaker Nick Quested and Capitol police officer Caroline Edwards. Quested had been embedded with the far-right group The Proud Boys and was in attendance at a discreet meeting on Jan. 5 between the group's leader at the time, Enrique Tarrio, and Stewart Rhodes, the leader of another far-right group called the Oath Keepers. Tarrio, Rhodes and other members of their groups have since been charged with seditious conspiracy for their actions.
In his testimony, Quested also confirmed that there were hundreds of Proud Boys who were making their way to the Capitol on the morning of Jan. 6 before Trump gave his speech that day, which was the catalyst for other supporters to move toward the Capitol, where Congress would be certifying Biden's election win.
Edwards testified about the violence on Jan. 6 committed by the mob of Trump followers. She also spoke about her injuries on that day.
What did the second hearing tell us?
Monday's hearing looked at thethat the 2020 presidential election was supposedly stolen, which has been dubbed the "Big Lie."
Video testimony from former White House attorney Eric Herschmann, former White House staff secretary Derek Lyons, former Attorney General Bill Barr and others, played during the hearing, showed those officials confirming there was no basis for the claims of election fraud.
Former US Attorney for the Northern District of Georgia BJay Pak, former Philadelphia City Commissioner Al Schmidt and election attorney Benjamin Ginsberg provided live witness testimony debunking the claims made by Trump and his administration. The committee also revealed the finding of its investigation into how the conspiracies about the election were used to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for pro-Trump political organizations.
What was the third hearing about?
Almost the entire hearing on June 16 was about Pence. The committee detailed how the former vice president didn't have the authority to stop the counting of electoral votes. John Eastman, an attorney who was advising Trump, promoted a legal theory of Pence having this power, although it isn't established in the Constitution.
Greg Jacob, Pence's chief counsel, and former federal judge Michael Luttig testified about the powers of the vice president and their assessment that Pence couldn't stop the vote count. The committee also played depositions from people on Trump's staff who said the former president and others in his administration did agree that Pence couldn't change the election results, even though some still applied pressure for him to do so.
In addition, the committee played the deposition of Eastman who pleaded the fifth more than 100 times during his testimony and had requested a presidential pardon for his actions.
What happened in the fourth hearing?
The committee first heard the testimony of Rusty Bowers, speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives, in the fourth hearing on June 21. He testified on how Trump and his lawyer at the time, Rudy Giuliani, urged Bowers to agree to put forth pro-Trump electors instead of the legitimate electors the state was already going to send to DC. Bowers also said two Republican members of Congress asked him to support Trump's plan to decertify Biden's victory, which he didn't agree to.
The committee played multiple deposition videos from witnesses who said Trump took part in pushing the plan to gather these fake electors along with Eastman, the lawyer who theorized the election could be overturned.
After a recess, the committee heard testimony from Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, his deputy Gabe Sterling along with Georgia election workers Wandrea "Shaye" Moss and her mother, Ruby Freeman. All four spoke of the almost nonstop abuse they received after Trump, Giuliani and others singled them out over false claims that they helped steal the election.
Raffensperger testified about the call he had with Trump who was asking him to find 11,000 more votes. Sterling talked about the threats of physical violence election workers received based on false claims made by the former president about the election.
Moss and Freeman became a target for Trump's team and his fans after video footage was used to falsely claim the two were conducting illegal activities and counting fake votes. The mother (who provided her testimony via video earlier) and daughter spoke about the numerous death threats, messages and abuse they received once they were named by Giuliani. Both had to take precautions for their safety and still try to keep a low profile when out in public in fear of someone recognizing them.
What was revealed in the fifth hearing?
Last Thursday's hearing featured witness testimony from Jeffrey A. Rosen, the former acting attorney general; Richard Donoghue, the former acting deputy attorney general; and Steven Engel, the former assistant attorney general for the office of legal counsel. All three testified about the pressure they received from the White House to indulge Trump's false claims that the election was stolen from him.
Among the requests made by Trump and his team were the appointment of a special counsel to investigate the false claims, seizing voting machines and investigating a conspiracy theory that an Italian satellite was used to switch votes.
The three also testified how there would be a mass resignation by senior Justice Department staff if Trump appointed Jeffrey Clark, an official with the department who supported the former president's false claims. Federal law enforcement raided Clark's home last Wednesday as part of the department's investigation into the attempt to overturn the 2020 election.
Before the hearing ended, the committee aired testimony from former White House officials who said Republican members of Congress asked for a presidential pardon for their participation in trying to overturn the election. This group included Rep. Mo Brooks from Alabama, Matt Gaetz from Florida, Andy Biggs from Arizona, Louie Gohmert from Texas and Scott Perry from Pennsylvania.
What happened in the sixth hearing?
Cassidy Hutchinson, a former top aide for White House chief of staff Mark Meadows, testified Tuesday about the events on and leading up to Jan. 6, 2021. In the days before the riot, Hutchinson says, there were concerns about how "things might get real, real bad on January 6." On the day of, she says she heard Trump was warned that some rioters attending his speech at the Ellipse had weapons. Also, the former president had demanded the Secret Service remove the metal detectors, referred to as "mags," in order to allow more people to be in the crowd. She said Trump said of those with weapons, "they're not here to hurt me."
Trump said in his speech that he was going to walk to the Capitol with those in attendance. Hutchinson testified that she was told that while traveling back to the White House in his vehicle, he demanded to be driven to the Capitol but was told by the Secret Service that it wasn't possible. Trump was furious and attempted to take the steering wheel. He then lunged at the Secret Service agent driving.
After a recess, Hutchinson went on to testify how Trump thought Pence deserved a mob calling for him to be hanged. She also says Meadows and Giuliani inquired about presidential pardons for their actions promoting the false claims about election fraud.
Before the committee adjourned for the day, Cheney shared some of the responses the committee has received from witnesses, showing Trump allies tried to intimidate them. In the examples provided, those connected to Trump reached out to the witnesses and told them how the former president knows they're "loyal" and they're "going to do the right thing when" they go in for their deposition.