If you ask consumers why they ended up buying crossovers or other larger vehicles, you might hear "safety" in return. But size doesn't automatically guarantee safety in a collision, nor does a small footprint guarantee a gnarly wreck. The is proof.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has bestowed its highest award, Top Safety Pick+, upon the smallest Kia, the 2018 Rio. The diminutive sedan was able to withstand a battery of crash tests that are more involved than the ones the federal government relies on, in addition to evaluations of its crash-protection systems and headlights.
In fact, the headlights are what saved the Rio from missing an IIHS accolade entirely. The S trim's optional Technology Package adds LED headlights, but only on cars built after June 2018. Those headlights were given a "Good" rating, the Institute's highest. All other trims, including the S trim without its optional package, sport halogen headlights that were given a "Poor" rating, the industry's worst. "Poor" headlights will disqualify a vehicle from the IIHS' awards -- at least one trim must have a headlight rating of "Acceptable" or higher.
While crash prevention isn't standard on lower trims, it's standard on EX, where it was given a "Superior" rating. In both 12-mph and 25-mph tests, the Rio avoided a collision. To quality for Top Safety Pick or Top Safety Pick+, a vehicle must have forward collision warning and some type of automatic braking, although the standards could become stricter as more automakers move to make these systems standard.
The 2018 Rio more or less nailed the IIHS' crash tests, too. It received the top rating of "Good" in the side, roof strength, head restraint, moderate overlap and driver-side small overlap crash tests. Its only other rating, a single "Acceptable" came from the IIHS' new passenger-side small overlap test, which the IIHS implemented to ensure automakers care about the safety of both front passengers equally. Since this is the test's first year as a Top Safety Pick requirement, the IIHS passes cars with "Good" or "Acceptable" ratings, but again, that will likely change in the future as automakers wise up.
: See why this small sedan moves out of the penalty box.