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Despite an almost identical appearance to its predecessor, the X100, the Fujifilm X100S offers enough enhancements to deliver a significantly more fluid shooting experience and notably improved photo quality. It still suffers from a few annoying issues that I don't expect from a camera in its price range, including autofocus inconsistencies, middling lens performance at f2 and an irritating control dial. But overall, I like the camera quite a bit and find it more recommendable than the X100.
One note on the rating: if it seems low -- the same as the X100 despite all the improvements -- that's because it now has competition that it didn't have two years ago when the X100 debuted. That includes the vastly more expensive but full-frame Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1, but more importantly a direct challenger in the Nikon Coolpix A. If necessary I will adjust the rating on the X100S in mid-April after I've gotten a chance to test the Nikon.
Two years ago, I considered the images delivered by the X100 as class leading with some caveats; I still think they're excellent -- and visibly better than those of the X100 -- but with more qualifications. The new version of the X-Trans sensor and updated image processing really shines on JPEGs. Thanks to a lack of color noise even as high as ISO 1600, they're clean up through ISO 800 and very good through ISO 6400; while the higher-sensitivity JPEGs don't stand up to pixel peeping, they do stand up to 13x19 prints. I wouldn't venture into expanded high ISO territory except at small sizes, though; they're soft and grainy, and the camera doesn't support raw for ISO 12800 and ISO 25600 (or ISO 100, for that matter), which decreases the tweakability quotient.
One of the big qualifiers I have about photo quality stems from the lens. When I reviewed the X100, I blamed myself for the poor results I got at f2, but I see it again here: f2 is close to unusable, bad enough that if I hadn't seen the same problems after looking back at my X100 shots I would have thought I had a defective unit. It's not too bad beyond about 10 feet, but for anything closer it's fuzzy in the center with what looks like convergence issues and extremely distorted at the corners of the image. At f2.8 it almost looks like a different lens, snapping into sharp focus in the center; you have to bump up to f4 before the edges are all relatively sharp. It does manage to maintain both center and corner sharpness through the top of the aperture range, f16. That said, the camera didn't display any of the sticky aperture blade issues that seemed to plague the X100 (though I didn't experience them). The lens also seems a bit more susceptible to flare than I'd like.
|Click to download||ISO 200|
The camera produces extremely pleasing colors, though getting accurate colors is a bit tricky, since there's no really neutral color simulation and the defaults seem to push the contrast to the point where you lose a lot of shadow detail (though it's all there in the raw file).
Video looks improved over the X100 as well, mostly because it's been increased to 1080p, and it's extremely sharp. But there's tons of edge artifacts -- crawling, aliasing, jitter -- thanks to the downplayed filtering. Low-light video actually looks better than daylight, I suspect because it drops the shutter speed, which decreases the appearance of some artifacts (you can't control the shutter speed during video on the X100S, just the aperture). It crushes blacks in low light, but it has an appealing tonality nonetheless.
Though the X100S won't break any speed records, it's a lot faster than the sluggish X100, with much improved autofocus performance. Fujifilm incorporated phase-detection autofocus for a hybrid phase/contrast AF system. That said, the AF has consistency problems: even when there's no change in subject or position (on a tripod facing our test scene, for instance) it will frequently fail to achieve a focus lock after a successful lock. I suspect that accounts for the large variation in results for autofocus-related tests, including shot lag and shot-to-shot times. In cases with a significant variation among the values, I averaged the fastest three results.
Time to power on, focus, and shoot runs about 1.5 seconds; time to focus and shoot in bright conditions is about 0.6 second, rising to 0.7 second in dim light. Two sequential JPEG or raw shots averages about 1 second (though it rose as high as 1.4 seconds), increasing to 1.5 seconds with flash. The continuous shooting rate zips along at about 5.5fps as long as you stay under the buffer limit -- it slows at 8 raw frames but didn't slow as high as 36 frames JPEG with a 95MB/sec SD card. However, continuous-shooting mode only works by fixing exposure and autofocus on the first frame, which doesn't meet our performance-testing criteria (and therefore isn't in the chart).
I really like the viewfinder; it's even better than the X100's, with peaking and a simulated split-screen for manual focusing that make it much more usable, though neither works when shooting video. And given how washed out and difficult to see the LCD gets in bright sunlight, the viewfinder's pretty essential.
Design and features
The X100S uses the same body as the X100; it's no lightweight and can only be considered compact compared to a dSLR, but the extra heft of the well-built body imparts a solid, grippable feel. And of course it's got the cool retro design that makes you feel like an old-school street shooter. The only outward difference from the older model is the replacement of the raw override button with a quick-menu button, so the X100S now has the same interface as the rest of the company's cameras. But that small change plus the aforementioned tweaks to the manual focus have significantly improved the shooting experience.
It still has the great manual aperture dial on the lens as well as shutter-speed and exposure compensation dials on top; in its default configuration, the Fn button brings up the ISO sensitivity options. Despite the retro look of the front and top, the back has the typical layout of a digital camera. On the left side is a switch for selecting among manual, single-shot autofocus and continuous AF. The AE button brings up metering choices, while AF lets you choose the AF point (when in the default area AF mode). The jog dial Command Control in the upper right cycles through the zoom view, split viewfinder and peaking view in manual focus.
While I still dislike the command dial/navigation control, which is nearly impossible to operate without fumbling, shooting doesn't require nearly as much menu hopping as it did for the X100. The self-timer doesn't sit with the drive modes, but it does appear in the Quick Menu, which is as good if not a better location. Movie recording resides under the drive modes, though, and there still isn't a dedicated record button.
You can lock most of the back controls by holding down the menu button for a few seconds, which is a nice touch, but the "sorry, I'm locked" screen should really indicate how to unlock it. I locked the controls by accident and lost an evening of shooting trying to figure out how to unlock them to turn off the flash. I had to look it up in the manual.
One minor irritation I had with the X100 but didn't mention before persists: the battery compartment isn't keyed to a particular direction. Though the battery itself is asymmetrical, the compartment is rectangular, and it's not clear which way the battery goes in; you have to memorize that it's label-side out. It's too easy to put it in backward.
|Fujifilm X100||Fujifilm X100S||Leica X2||Nikon Coolpix A||Sony Cyber-shot |
|Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100|
|Sensor (effective resolution)||12.3MP CMOS||16.3MP X-Trans CMOS II||16.2MP CCD||16.2MP CMOS||24.3MP Exmor CMOS||20.2MP Exmor CMOS|
|23.6 x 15.8mm||23.6 x 15.8mm||23.6 x 15.8mm||23.6 x 15.7 mm||35.8 x 23.9mm||1-inch|
(13.2 x 8.8mm)
|Sensitivity range||ISO 100 (exp)/ 200 - ISO 6400/12800 (exp)||ISO 100 (exp)/200 - ISO 6400/ 25600 (exp)||ISO 100 - ISO 12500||ISO 100 - ISO 3200/ 25600 (exp)||ISO 50 (exp) / ISO 100 - ISO 51200 / ISO 102400 (exp, via multishot NR)||ISO 100 - ISO 25600|
(35mm-equivalent focal-length multiplier)
|28 - 100mm|
|Closest focus (inches)||3.9||3.9||11.8||4||7.9||1.9|
10 JPEG/8 raw
(burst only available with focus and exposure fixed at first frame)
31 JPEG/ n/a raw
(burst only available with focus and exposure fixed at first frame)
(raw + JPEG)
(5 fps with fixed exposure)
(10fps with fixed exposure)
90 percent coverage
0.48-inch/ 2,360,000 dots
100 percent coverage
0.5-inch/ 2,359,000 dots
100 percent coverage
|25-area Contrast AF||25-area Contrast AF|
|Metering||256 zones||256 zones||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|
|Shutter||30 - 1/4,000 sec; bulb to 60 min||20 - 1/4,000 sec; bulb to 60 minutes||30 - 1/2,000 sec||30 - 1/2,000 sec; bulb||30-1/2,000 sec; bulb||30-1/2,000 sec; bulb|
|2.8-inch fixed |
(plus another set of white dots for brightness)
|Image stabilization||None||None||None||None||Electronic (movie only)||Optical|
|720/24p H.264 QuickTime MOV Stereo||1080/60p/ 30p|
H.264 QuickTime MOV
H.264 QuickTime MOV
|AVCHD: 1080/60p/ 50p @ 28Mbps; 1080/60i/50i @ 24, 17Mbps; 1080/24p/ 25p @ 24, 17Mbps|
|Manual iris and shutter in video||Iris only||Iris only||n/a||n/a||Yes||Yes|
|Optical zoom while recording||n/a||n/a||n/a||No||n/a||Yes|
|External mic support||No||No||n/a||Optional|
(with WU-1a Wireless Mobile Adapter)
|Battery life (CIPA rating)||300 shots||330 shots||450 shots||230 shots||270 shots||330 shots|
|Dimensions (WHD, inches)||5.0 x 2.9 x 2.1||5.0 x 2.9 x 2.1||4.9 x 2.7 x 2.0||4.4 x 2.6 x 1.6||4.5 x 2.6 x 2.8||4.0 x 2.4 x 1.4|
|Weight (ounces)||15.8||15.5||12.2 (est)||10.6 (est)||17.6||8.5 (est)|
|Mfr. Price||$1,195.95||$1,299.95||$1,995 (est)||$1,099.95||$2,799||$649.99|
|Availability||March 2011||March 2013||August 2012||March 2013||November 2012||July 2012|
There aren't a lot of glitzy features aside from the viewfinder, just basics (for its price) like a built-in neutral-density filter and the ability to adjust color, sharpness, highlight tone, shadow tone, and noise reduction. Other features carried over from the X100 include Motion Panorama, which operates like Sony's Sweep Panorama: as you pan it records a 120- or 180-degree scene either horizontally or vertically. You can 3-shot bracket the dynamic range and film simulation presets, as well as ISO sensitivity and exposure, but as with the X100 I couldn't help but think it should have more exposure bracketing latitude than 3 shots up to 1 stop for HDR work, and how nice it would be to have an intervalometer.
There's enough improved in the X100S over the X100 that I think it's worth the extra money over the now-reduced-price model: it delivers better performance, photo quality and usability. While the photo quality and lens can't match that of the Sony RX1, it's still a great camera at $1,000 less. And though I haven't yet tested the Nikon Coolpix A, that camera lacks a viewfinder, which for some folks may merit the X100S' extra cost.
Shooting speed (in frames per second)
(Longer bars indicate better performance)