Feeling political pressure from Congress over the loss of U.S. tech jobs to offshore workers, the Computer Systems Policy Project on Wednesday released a report stressing the need to keep international doors open so that domestic companies can remain competitive.
In its report, the organization included preliminary policy recommendations for Congress to consider. It plans to have its members--which include chief executives from Intel, Dell and Hewlett-Packard--lobby lawmakers next month during the organization's semiannual meeting.
"Economic downturns and security issues spur impulses to protect specific sectors and markets and limit international trade and collaboration," the report stated. "Yet these measures often backfire. Countries that resort to protectionism end up hampering innovation and crippling their industries, which leads to lower economic growth and, ultimately, higher unemployment."
Congress has held several hearings about the outsourcing of IT jobs, and a group of lawmakers is urging India to create jobs for U.S. workers.
Concern has grown, as an increasing number of tech companies lay off domestic workers and move the work to countries such as India. Employees in call center support, manufacturing and software programming have been hit particularly hard.
While helping to cut costs, however, outsourcing is not without problems. Some customers are complaining about the quality and lack of service they receive from overseas call centers, and international operations can also be strained by misunderstandings due to culture and communications, as well as differing time zones.
"I would caution people from becoming too overly excited about offshore sourcing and do things that they may later regret," said Amit Maheshwari, chief executive of i-Vantage, an outsourcing consultancy firm. "I have seen some companies close a full shop in the U.S. and move it offshore, only to find it does not work for their particular situation."
And where the backlash can be particularly painful is when it hurts the quality of a company's product or service, said Maheshwari, noting that Dell recently moved some of its technical call center support for its corporate accounts back to the United States.
Still, the trend shows no sign of reversing, and the IT trade group cautioned politicians against interfering.
"Any trade barriers created by the United States in an attempt to avoid global competition could lead to retaliation from our trading partners and even an all-out trade war--resulting in a drag on the global economy and reduced employment here at home," the report stated.
The group also noted that under the current economic climate, customers of U.S. tech companies are pressuring vendors to reduce costs, offer more products and reduce the time it takes to get products to the market.
"U.S. companies operate abroad to be close to global customers, both geographically and culturally, and to meet round-the-clock expectations for customer service," the report noted.
In its policy proposals, CSPP asked Congress not only to promote the IT industry's "innovation pipeline" but also to improve education and training for U.S. workers.
"A growing number of workers in these foreign countries and companies are highly educated, skilled and talented--a competitive challenge in their own right," the report said. "Americans who think that foreign workers are no match for U.S. workers in knowledge, skills and creativity are mistaken."