Stefan Presser, head of the ACLU's Pennsylvania affiliate, fought for free speech and privacy rights on the Internet.
From 1985 to 2004, Presser was the legal director for the Pennsylvania chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, which sued to challenge the Communications Decency Act nine years ago.
In remarks outside the courtroom in 1996, Presser said, "We had a couple of things we wanted to prove, and we're pretty confident we were successful. The first is how different communication is on the Net vs. communication via radio or TV (which must abide by "indecency" restrictions)."
He was right. A year later, the U.S. Supreme Court tossed out the law's criminal sanctions that punished the availability of "indecent" material online.
Presser died of brain cancer, according to the ACLU. He was born in New York City and taught at Temple University's James E. Beasley School of Law.
After the Supreme Court rejected Congress' initial attempt to restrict free speech on the Internet, President Clinton signed the Child Online Protection Act. It was not as broad, applying only to commercial Web site operators--but it threatened them with six-month prison sentences if they made material deemed "harmful to minors" publicly available.
Presser joined the ACLU's challenge to that law. It resulted in the Supreme Court ruling last June that prosecutors would be barred from enforcing COPA until a full trial could take place.
He also participated in the ACLU's unsuccessful effort to overturn the
"Although Stefan would have been the first to disclaim a deep knowledge of the inner workings of the Internet, he played an instrumental part in Internet free-speech cases for as long as there have been such cases," John Morris, a lawyer at the Center for Democracy and Technology who was co-counsel with Presser on a Net-blocking case, said in an e-mail message.