Time is running out for President Joe Biden to decide about extending the, which is slated to end on Aug. 31, 2022. The moratorium on loan payments has already been extended six times -- twice by President Donald Trump and four times by Biden.
And many experts think Biden will announce another extension, potentially through the end of the year or even later.
"Our outlook ... assumes the federal student-loan payment moratorium will last until January 2023," Anthony Noto, CEO of student-loan lender SoFi, told investors in an Aug. 2 earnings call.
The Department of Education has also told student loan servicers to hold off sending out new billing statements, according to the Wall Street Journal.
Here's what you need to know about federal student loan payments, including how long the pause could last, what other benefits it includes and whether Biden will push for more student debt forgiveness.
When are student loan payments due?
Federal student debt repayments have been paused for more than two years, meaning interest hasn't accumulated and collections on defaulted debts have been put on hold.
Trump first enacted the pause on student loans in March 2020 and extended it twice through January 2021. Biden has extended the pause four more times since taking office.
The Biden administration initially warned that the extension through January 2022 would be the last, but with the omicron variant of COVID-19 sweeping through the US last year, Biden decided to continue the moratorium until May 1, 2022.
A March 31 letter from Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, Sen. Elizabeth Warren and other top Democrats called on the White House to extend the moratorium again and provide "meaningful" debt cancellation.
"Restarting repayment will financially destabilize many borrowers and their families, and will cause hardship for many who could not afford repayment," the letter read.
In April, Biden extended the repayment freeze again until Sept. 1, 2022, the current deadline.
"That additional time will assist borrowers in achieving greater financial security and support the Department of Education's efforts to continue improving student loan programs," Biden said.
Signs student loan payments will be paused again
President Biden has not indicated yet whether he will pause student debt payments again, but there are several indications he will.
1. Inflation is still a major issue
While the country has turned a corner on the coronavirus pandemic, the White House has repeatedly said decisions about pausing student loans would be driven by what's happening with the economy. While inflation cooled in July, food prices are still sky high.
On Aug. 10, grocery prices were up 13.1% year over year -- that's the largest increase since March 1979, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
And economists still portend a recession could be coming.
"Excessive inflation has increased prices for almost everything and most borrowers are likely not in a position to pay off their loans," Tony Aguilar, CEO of student loan repayment app Chipper told CNET's sister site, NextAdvisor. "An additional extension also provides the White House with more time to review potential forgiveness plans."
2. Lenders were told to hold off contacting borrowers
"The situation is that we're almost 30 days away from the planned resumption and the [Department of Education] has been telling servicers to hold off on resumption communications for the last few months," Scott Buchanan, executive director of the nonprofit Student Loan Servicing Alliance, told The Wall Street Journal on July 25. "Maybe the department expects that the White House will yet again kick the can down the road."
Zack Friedman, CEO of online financial marketplace Mentor, wrote in Forbes that, in theory, "Biden could continue to extend student loan relief through multiple executive orders, creating a student loan payment pause 'forever.'" Or at least until he leaves office.
3. Another extension could woo young voters in the midterm elections
Despite improving job numbers and the declining price of gas, Biden's approval ratings have not been great as the midterm elections approach. On Aug. 9, 55% of Americans disapproved of the president, according to Reuters.
Throwing a bone to the more than 40 million Americans with federal student loans could help boost Democrats' appeal come November 8.
What about borrowers who are in default?
Borrowers in default will automatically be given a "fresh start," according to a statement from the US Department of Education. Their accounts will be returned to good standing and any delinquency will be "cured," allowing them to repair their credit and gain access to programs like income-driven repayment and Public Service Loan Forgiveness, which benefits those who work for nonprofits.
"During the pause, we will continue our preparations to give borrowers a fresh start and to ensure that all borrowers have access to repayment plans that meet their financial situations and needs," Miguel Cardona, the education secretary, said in a statement.
Will Biden forgive more student debt?
On the campaign trail, Biden said he'd support legislation canceling a minimum of $10,000 of federal loans per borrower. Democratic lawmakers would like to see that amount upped to $50,000, Bloomberg reported, in hopes of swaying young voters in November.
If he does forgive more student debt, Biden would likely cap eligibility at individuals earning $125,000 or $150,000 a year.
Republicans in Congress have argued the president doesn't have the authority to cancel billions in student debt and have introduced legislation to block him.
But there are signs the White House sees it differently: Following the Department of Education's revamp of its Public Service Loan Forgiveness program in October 2021, more than 750,000 borrowers have had their student loans extinguished, totaling more than $18.5 billion as of May 2022.
In 2019, Harvard Law School's Project on Predatory Student Lending filed suit against then-Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos, claiming her office had stalled applications for the Borrower Defense to Repayment program, which allows federal student loan debt to be canceled if the borrower was defrauded by their school.
The Biden administration in July agreed with the plaintiff's arguments that the Secretary of Education has "considerable discretion" to cancel federal student loan debt, Forbes reported. (This month a federal judge granted preliminary approval to a settlement that would give some 200,000 defrauded borrowers around $6 billion in debt relief.)
Whatever Biden decides about more student debt forgiveness, borrowers and financial institutions alike are eager to hear it: At an April 28 White House press conference, the president said he'd make a decision on student loan debt forgiveness "in the next couple of weeks."
That was nearly three months ago.