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Can Barry Diller tame the sprawl?

His plan to split IAC into five parts is the media industry's equivalent of buying a wedding dress and hoping to slim down to fit into it.

It's no secret that InterActiveCorp is facing a corporate hurricane. But CEO Barry Diller's plan to split the company in five parts might not calm the waters.

In the fall, the sprawling new media conglomerate announced a plan to spin off many of its brands into a total of five publicly traded companies, focusing its core business on ad-supported media, in order to revive investor confidence. It needs that revival: on Wednesday morning, the company posted its 2007 fourth-quarter earnings, reporting a net loss of $369.9 million as revenues rose eight percent to $1.86 billion.

InterActiveCorp CEO Barry Diller

IAC has acknowledged that it has spread itself too thin, and splitting up is its only way out. But the company is basing its corporate outlook on a restructuring that hasn't happened yet; it could get messy, and it won't solve every problem.

Right off the bat, even the proposed split itself faces a court challenge. One of IAC's biggest shareholders, Liberty Media's John Malone, has made it clear that he's willing to do anything to prevent that split, including oust Diller from the board. The cable mogul claims that a slimmed-down IAC will hit Liberty Media where it hurts, knocking down its voting power within the company.

Malone's lawsuit is expected to go to court on March 10.

The power of five

Here's how Barry Diller's breakup of IAC will play out, if it goes as planned.

The "new" IAC. This will consist primarily of InterActiveCorp's ad-supported media brands, like Evite, Citysearch, Ask,, Bloglines, and Excite; also staying put is IAC's "emerging media" group, with sites like, Vimeo, and CollegeHumor.

Ticketmaster. One of IAC's biggest successes becomes its own publicly traded company, taking with it other IAC ticketing brands like Ticketweb, Echomusic,, and TicketsNow. Also included here will be investments in Frontline and iLike.

HSN. The shop-at-home TV channel will spin off with a handful of IAC's retail brands, like the Cornerstone Brands catalog group and shopping sites like and

Interval International. The vacation timeshare company will become a separate publicly traded entity.

LendingTree. IAC's troubled lending company, hit hard by the subprime mortgage crisis, will spin off into a separate company where Diller hopes it will stand on its own.

"It doesn't make a lot of sense to me why they're protesting," Piper Jaffray analyst Aaron Kessler said of Liberty Media. The judge in the Delaware chancery court where the suit was filed might not agree, though: "I think it's always hard to say how the courts are going to roll," Kessler added. Either way, executive-level instability can make any company's outlook about as clear as mud, and could offset some of that coveted shareholder confidence.

Not only that, it could mean that IAC's five-way split is dragged out or delayed, or that it doesn't unfold as expected. Diller said in Wednesday's investor call that he anticipates Malone's lawsuit will be resolved in a matter of weeks. "Our planning is continuing just as it was," he said, but then admitted that the process could stall. "Realistically, this could push us back. It could push us back quite some time." Diller added that he hoped it would not delay the split by more than a month, but he could not be sure.

The way IAC's executives see it, the core of the company--ad-supported, Web-based media brands--will remain as the "new IAC." Events retail site Ticketmaster will become its own company along with other IAC-owned ticketing sites like TicketsNow and TicketWeb. Travel and timeshare brands will spin off under the Interval International title, and the LendingTree loan marketplace, hit hard by the subprime mortgage crisis, will also split from IAC.

Diller and other IAC executives have high hopes for new, ad-focused vision of the company. "Last week, we had an all-day planning meeting for the state of the new IAC. It was nothing but exciting," Diller said in the investor call, citing that queries at are up (even though market share isn't), and dating site has seen notable subscriber growth. "IAC is going to be a very compelling high-growth company for investors."

By keeping the new-media sites under IAC's umbrella, Diller and the rest of the company will indeed be retaining the brands that have fared the best out of the pre-split IAC. Ad-supported media brands like Ask, Evite, and Citysearch, which will make up the bulk of the "new IAC" after much of the rest of the company has been spun off, posted decent revenues that climbed 42 percent from the previous year's fourth quarter. That's promising.

And when IAC spins off its non-media brands, the company will shed some weight that's been dragging it down. It was a poor quarter for the company's retail catalog division, and LendingTree's revenues shrank 58 percent. Even Ticketmaster, which hit a record sales volume worldwide in the fourth quarter of 2007, is about to run into tough times as it faces the loss of its biggest client, concert promoter Live Nation, in 2009. This is the sort of impending problem that IAC isn't going to want going ahead.

Piper Jaffray's Kessler said that there's no reason to believe that the split won't go through. "I think, at the end of the day, they will find a buyer or spin off each of the companies," he said, and added that it shouldn't leave any scars on IAC. "Once they're spun off, there's not going to be an impact of one business on another."

But with the current economic conditions, as well as market-shaking tech industry moves like Microsoft's proposed acquisition of Yahoo, nothing is really certain. But this "new IAC" doesn't exist yet, and for all we know, it won't turn out exactly as planned. If even one of the proposed spinoffs doesn't work, it would result in bad PR, diminished shareholder value--and IAC would still be stuck with a company it didn't want.

Even if the split goes through smoothly, IAC's shakeup might still be far from over. The company plans to keep its "emerging media" brands like Vimeo and GarageGames, but these aren't exactly moneymakers.

"Those are all fairly small still right now, only about $30 million of revenue in 2007 with a net loss of about $12 million," Kessler said. IAC executives said in Wednesday's earnings call that the losses on its emerging media division may be double that in 2008. "(IAC) may decide to take a write-off, or separate some of these emerging businesses as well, or sell them off potentially," he added. If they're not contributing much to IAC's revenue, the company might decide it doesn't need them. Kessler estimated, "They'll be about two percent of revenue even after the split."

And that's the final word: revenue. The new IAC, whatever it turns out to be, will be reliant on ad dollars, and Diller is convinced that this is where the real money is on the Internet. Online ad spending, particularly in "conversational" niches like videos and and social-networking sites, is projected to keep growing, and IAC plans to create a strong ad network to become a major player in new-media marketing.

Given the current economic landscape, this is not a guarantee; research firm eMarketer has said that while online ad spending is still growing, that growth is going to slow down. "There's always a risk you'll see a slowdown," analyst Aaron Kessler said, but added that he thinks online advertising won't be hurt by a recession as much as traditional media. "We think advertisers are more likely to cut their offline advertising before they cut online right now." In other words, IAC might face continued tough times, but it'll be in the right place overall.

And Diller is pushing forward, as he should: the split, however messy, is IAC's best chance at revival. Its former buy-it-all strategy might have led to a sprawling company without clear focus, but in Wednesday's call he asserted that IAC's acquisition habits brought the conglomerate "tremendous value." He's also convinced that Liberty Media won't prevail in its lawsuit. "I shouldn't even comment on it," he said in Wednesday's call. "It's ridiculous."