Alan Turing, the UK mathematician whose work paved the way for modern computing and revealed the note, which should go into circulation by the end of 2021, at the Science and Industry Museum in Manchester on Monday.during World War II, will grace the Bank of England's new £50 note. Bank of England governor Mark Carney
"As the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, as well as a war hero, Alan Turing's contributions were far ranging and path breaking," Carney said. "Turing is a giant on whose shoulders so many now stand."
His main claim to fame came from his codebreaking work at Bletchley Park, which was brought to the silver screen in 2014's Benedict Cumberbatch.). (He was played by
However, Turing played a major role in developing early computers at the National Physical Laboratory and the University of Manchester. He also questioned whether or not machines could think, kicking off the notion of what we now call AI.
Despite this work, he was persecuted for being homosexual and died in 1954 at the age of 41 after eating an apple laced with cyanide. He wasin 2014, and legislation convicted of now-abolished same-sex criminal offenses was named "Turing's Law" in his honor.
For the spot on the £50 note, Turing was up against Stephen Hawking (who was), Mary Anning, Paul Dirac, Rosalind Franklin, William Herschel and Caroline Herschel, Dorothy Hodgkin, Ada Lovelace and Charles Babbage, James Clerk Maxwell, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Sanger.
In 2012, Google celebrated Turing's 100th birthday with.
First published at 5:33 a.m. PT.
Updated at 6:28 a.m. PT: Adds more detail.