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This Magic Kitchen Bin Turns Chicken Bones and Food Scraps Into Dirt Overnight

I tested the Mill smart kitchen bin. It turns most of your kitchen scraps into future chicken feed or plant fuel for the garden. But is it worth the pricey subscription?

David Watsky Senior Editor / Home and Kitchen
David lives in Brooklyn where he's spent more than a decade covering all things edible, including meal kit services, food subscriptions, kitchen tools and cooking tips. Before, during and after earning his BA from Northeastern, he toiled in nearly every aspect of the food business, including as a line cook in Rhode Island where he once made a steak sandwich for Lamar Odom. Right now he's likely somewhere stress-testing a blender or the best way to cook bacon. Anything with sesame is his all-time favorite food this week.
Expertise Kitchen tools | Appliances | Food science | Subscriptions | Meal kits
David Watsky
8 min read

Mill kitchen bin


  • Grinds most kitchen scraps into odorless dirt
  • Makes very little noise
  • Cut my kitchen waste by more than half
  • Meant to ease two environmental burdens: food waste and factory farming
  • Has a sleek, minimalist look
  • Cheaper than most private curbside compost services

Don't like

  • Expensive monthly subscription
  • Company is not yet using material for chicken feed -Some bins turn scraps into something closer to compost

No matter how much we fight food waste, there will always be some scraps destined for the landfill. Unless you're composting regularly -- be it by choice or local mandate -- you're sending far more waste out the door and into the garbage system than needed. But composting has its drawbacks. It takes time, space and planning. And then there's the odor and sliminess to consider.

mill kitchen bin with food scraps inside

The Mill kitchen bin system hopes to make more than just compost out of your kitchen scraps.


The past few years have seen the emergence of a new crop of kitchen composters that aim to reduce the amount of food scraps that end up in household trash cans and local landfills. The Mill bin is the latest and perhaps most ambitious at-home approach to food waste diversion.

Most of these at-home food recyclers don't actually make compost, but they do jump-start the process. The Mill bin has a different eco-friendly future in mind for your spoiled meat and discarded celery stalks -- and the chickens are loving it. "Huh?" you say? Read on...

The Mill bin doesn't make compost -- and that's OK

Mill doesn't claim that its bin makes compost like some its competitors -- the Lomi and Reencle among them -- and that's by design. Instead, Mill's approach involves a closed-loop subscription service where apple cores, avocado pits and moldy bread are ground and dried inside a leased smart bin and sent back to be sold as an ingredient for making chicken feed. 

Mill argues those other machines can't make real compost that quickly anyhow. 

"It is scientifically impossible to make compost overnight," Mill President Harry Tannenbaum told CNET in an email, "which is why we are very careful not to call the Mill kitchen bin a composter or what it makes 'compost.' Any company or product claiming to make compost overnight is greenwashing, and taking advantage of people who want to do the right thing."

a pile of food scraps next to a pile of processed dirt

Food scraps (left) and what the Mill bin turns them into during one six-hour cycle (right).

David Watsky/CNET

Mill's novel system is meant to curb food waste in the home while also providing a sustainable source of livestock food that lessens the need for industrial farming. 

For context, growing food is a massive drag on the environment. It demands about 20% of US land and more than 30% of the energy we produce, according to a study by the University of California, Davis. An estimated 36% of food grown globally is used to feed livestock, as reported by National Geographic.

Read moreNope, You Can't Recycle Black Plastic Takeout Boxes. Here's What You Can Recycle

Mill's idea makes good sense, and the company has received favorable legal rulings and recommendations on its way to getting the bin's output deemed suitable for use in chicken feed -- but it's not used for making chicken feed, as of this writing.

I decided to see how the Mill bin worked in practice. Using the sleek smart bin was easy, and it cut my weekly household waste by at least half. It functions as efficiently as any smart home trash bin we've tested. But the bottom may fall out for some when you get to Mill's payment plan.  

Mill's system is expensive compared with other kitchen waste solutions

The Lomi composter about to eat a banana peel

Buying a Mill bin outright ($899) will cost you double that of a Lomi machine.

Justin Tech/CNET

The Mill subscription costs $33 a month, or $396 per year, a recurring fee that includes free pickup of processed scraps and the use of the smart kitchen bin (with the subscription you don't own the bin). The subscription also gets you free filter replacements (needed about every 60 days) and servicing, should anything go wrong. That cost is about the same as the price of a curbside composting program, and most of those don't include a smart bin.

Mill just launched a nonsubscription model too, but it's a budget-buster. The machine costs a whopping $899 to buy outright and includes a year of filters but doesn't include material pickup. 

How the Mill setup works: What you can and can't process

Setting up the bin and a profile in the app took only a few minutes. The most laborious part was moving the bin around the kitchen, since it weighs 50 pounds.

chicken bones in mill bin

I was pleasantly surprised to find that the Mill bin had pulverized these chicken bones in one grind-and-dry cycle.

David Watsky/CNET

I was surprised by the modest size of the part of the bin that holds scraps, compared with the entire appliance, which is about the size of most standard kitchen bins. But I realized after a few grinds that it was a nonissue. The Mill shrinks food by more than half, and it took me more than two weeks to fill it up even once. 

There's a list of food scraps that Mill recommends processing and others that are on a no-fly list -- either because the Mill bin can't process them without jamming or because the scraps would be compromised for animal feed. 

mill app with cycle settings

Mill's integrated app allows you to change the cycle time. It's also where you schedule a pickup or order new prepaid shipping boxes. 

Screenshot by David Watsky/CNET

Unusually oily food or food made up of too much sugar isn't recommended for the bin. Dead houseplants, of which I have a steady supply, are also a no-go. The same goes for corn husks, mass amounts of potato peels and larger bones.

But still, the Mill handled more types of waste than I thought it would. The gears easily gobbled up large, dense avocado pits and took care of cooked chicken carcasses. It handled all the coffee grounds I threw in it and pulverized produce seeds and peels. 

mill dirt in box

Mill's kitchen bin turns food scraps into the base for chicken feed. While the feed is not currently being produced with the material, Mill has won a few favorable decisions and recommendations from the FDA and opther governing bodies. 

David Watsky/CNET

The Mill bin starts grinding and dehydrating food at whatever time you tell it to via the mobile app. It takes about six hours to complete a cycle, depending on how much material is in the bin, so right before bed made the most sense for me. After a few audible and dog-startling grunts, the Mill eases into action and emits only a soft whirr for the remainder of the cycle. 

In the morning, like magic, gnarly food scraps have been transformed into something that looks a lot like rich soil or compost. I disposed of shellfish, salmon skin, moldy bread and other classically smelly things in my Mill and never once awoke to an unpleasant odor. 

The handy app tells you when it's time to empty the contents of the Mill into a prepaid shipping box and schedule a pickup. It's not hard to judge this on your own, though, in case you don't want another mobile app telling you what to do.

dog next to box on stoop

My scheduled pickup didn't happen, but I was able to get the box into the hands of a USPS driver the next day.

David Watsky/CNET

I couldn't believe how many food scraps I was producing

It was revelatory to have a visual representation each day of how much food waste I produce that's typically destined for the landfill. Hucking banana peels and stale crackers happens in small doses over a day or week, but boy does it add up quickly.

While I was using the Mill system, I marveled at how seldom I was taking out the trash. That also meant using fewer plastic garbage bags -- another one of the brand's big selling points. 

What else can you do with the Mill material? Not much

A plant and its roots cupped in the palm of an open hand

Mill material isn't a replacement for soil or fertilizer. 

Peter Cade/Getty Images

To test the processed food's viability, I mixed some with planting soil, roughly half and half, and tried to rehouse an aloe plant. It died within a few days. As a reminder, Mill doesn't claim the output is fit for nourishing plants. I was just hopeful, I guess.

On that subject, I spoke with someone about what can be done with Mill material if you choose not to send it back. Sally Brown is a research professor at the School of Environmental and Forest Sciences at the University of Washington and a self-proclaimed soil nerd. She told me that though dirt alone can't support plants, it can be mixed with mature soil in your yard or garden, where it'll continue to compost on its own and eventually deliver nutrients to the surrounding flora. Using a ratio of 1-to-10 (Mill dirt to soil) is recommended.

While Mill is very clear about its machine not making viable compost, it does give your food scraps a huge headstart if you plan to treat them and turn them into real compost on your own.

Mill material can also be safely scattered or diffused in most outdoor areas. Just don't expect a bounty of wildflowers to spring up. 

The Mill system is great... if you can afford it

food being dumped into mill bin

The Mill bin looks nice and works extremely well.


The Mill bin as an appliance gets a near-perfect score, and on its face the concept is deeply admirable. Mill's program is, in theory, a more powerful fix than most composting systems, since it addresses food waste and provides a sustainable source of food for livestock, which could curb carbon-heavy feed farming. 

But the cost of Mill's setup can't be ignored. If you can swing the monthly dues, Mill aims to be a more comprehensive solution to food waste than most options. (Reminder: Chicken feed isn't yet being made with the material.) But I couldn't quite justify it, particularly when my city now offers a free, albeit stinkier, way to recycle food scraps at scale.

Your other options for kitchen scraps

Classic composting

Hands holding dirt and red wriggler worms.

Worm composting is another way to speed up the process of making fertilizer for your garden and house plants.

Getty Images

The cheapest fix for food waste is classic at-home composting, but it's tricky to do and takes dedication and commitment. It's also an odorous affair, particularly if you live in tight quarters or up several flights of stairs and can't get the food waste outside immediately. Freezing food scraps until you can transport them to an outdoor pile helps. Here's our guide to starting a compost pile and our step-by-step explainer on how to build a (surprisingly not gross) worm farm for composting. 

Other curbside compost services

Other private compost pickup services exist, but most don't include a smart bin. They'll retrieve your kitchen waste every week to be reused or recycled in other ways. They typically cost anywhere from $25 to $40 a month, depending on where you live.

Cheaper smart kitchen bins and countertop composters 

Lomi's grow mode produces a material similar to Mill's but without the high subscription cost. 

Justin Tech/CNET

All three of Mill's competitors offer countertop models that are hundreds of dollars cheaper. The Lomi by Pela, which we tested in 2022, is $500 for the machine but can be had for as little as $300 on sale. Vitamix's FoodCycler, one that we're currently testing, starts at $400 for the base FC-50 model. The Lomi and FoodCycler also have recurring costs in the form of pads and filters. For Lomi, they'll run you about $9 per month.  

Reencle, which makes the boldest claims about turning food scraps into nutrient-rich fertilizer in two days using microbes that emulate the human digestive system, sells a composter that starts at $500. Dr. Brown, who works with Mill, told me you can't really make true compost that quickly. We're planning to test this model to see if it can. 

Food waste is too big a problem for one appliance. But every little bit helps

factory farm

With its closed-loop food scrap recycling system, Mill takes aim at both food waste and excessive factory farming for animal feed.

Getty Images

An estimated 30% to 40% of the food supply is wasted each year, according to the US Department of Agriculture. That's more than 131 billion pounds of food that otherwise could be consumed. About 45% of that waste happens in the home, which is an awful lot but still leaves more than 50% that occurs in restaurants, retailers, supermarkets and on farms.

As with many other proposed solutions to sprawling environmental problems, Mill's fix would be a drop in the bucket -- but every drop helps. To make a real impact in positive waste diversion, Mill's program would need to be adopted at scale. At $33 a month, that seems unlikely, but a large-scale government contract with the virtuous home tech brand might be a natural fit.

Is the Mill kitchen bin worth it?

As a decades-long city dweller, I've considered the curbing of kitchen waste to be a largely improbable notion. Though recent municipal composting mandates have been encouraging, including in Brooklyn, where I live. With a free compost program available to me, I couldn't justify the recurring cost for Mill. But if your budget allows or you were planning to pay for curbside recycling anyway, there's no good reason not to tag into Mill's smart food recycling system. 

The chickens will love you for it.