While orbiting Earth on board the International Space Station, NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg took in a wide view of Typhoon Haiyan on Saturday, November 9, 2013, the day after the storm made impact in the Philippines.
On November 8, Typhoon Haiyan -- known as Yolanda in the Philippines -- made landfall in the central Philippines, bringing strong winds and heavy rains that have resulted in flooding, landslides, and widespread damage. According to the Philippines' National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Center (NDRRMC), an estimated 9.7 million people across 41 provinces have been affected by Typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan. Access to many areas is still difficult or impossible, and the full scale of the damage is yet unknown.
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite captured this image of Typhoon Haiyan just south of Hainan Island, China and approaching Vietnam on November 10, 2013.
The storm was tracking northwest and slowly weakening prior to landfall in northern Vietnam on Sunday evening. As of early Sunday morning, the storm had maximum sustained winds of about 90 miles per hour, the equivalent of a category 1 storm.
Haiyan crossed the Philippines as a Super-Typhoon, defined as reaching maximum sustained 1-minute surface winds of at least 150 mph. This is the equivalent of a strong Saffir-Simpson category 4 or category 5 hurricane in the Atlantic basin or a category 5 severe tropical cyclone in the Australian basin.
Photo by: Jeff Schmaltz NASA Goddard/LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response
/ Caption by:James Martin
This area, on the west side of Cancabato Bay, bore some of the heaviest brunt of Typhoon Haiyan. Debris from the storm surge is seen in the lower left area of the image, as well as debris scattered across the area. Damage to the Bethany Hospital looks extensive, and cars and trucks are attempting to navigate the streets.
The scale of the storm’s destruction has been absolutely massive. In an effort to help map the destruction and provide help and assistance to those most in need, DigitalGlobe has activated a crowdsourcing campaign, open to anyone willing to help.
The downtown waterfront area of Tacloban City was not spared by the storm. The roof of the market was extensively damaged, and the nearby shanty town (marked by the arrows) was almost completely wiped off the map.
The US Government is providing $20 million in immediate humanitarian assistance to benefit typhoon-affected populations, including emergency shelter, food, water, sanitation, and hygiene support.
NASA's TRMM satellite data on November 8 showed Haiyan had a well-defined eye surrounded by a symmetric area of moderate rain (green ring with a blue center) with several rainbands wrapping in from the south (the green arcs), while crossing the island of Leyte in the central Philippines.
A woman walks through a road filled with debris in an area devastated by Typhoon Haiyan on November 12 in the Leyte province of the Philippines. Four days after the Typhoon Haiyan devastated the region many have nothing left, they are without food or power and most lost their homes. Around 10,000 people are feared dead in the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines this year.
Photo by: Dondi Tawatao/Getty Images
/ Caption by:James Martin
A the sun sets over a house damaged by Typhoon Haiyan outside the airport in Tacloban, on the eastern island of Leyte on November 12, 2013 after Super Typhoon Haiyan swept over the Philippines. The typhoon that destroyed entire towns across the Philippines is believed to have killed more than 10,000 people, which would make it the country's deadliest recorded natural disaster.