NASA at 60: Celebrating its incredible legacy
7:38

NASA at 60: Celebrating its incredible legacy

Science
[MUSIC] The birth and legacy of NASA. [MUSIC] NASA opened its doors on October 1st, 1958. But it was not the government's first flight research agency. The National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics or NACA was founded way back in 1915. The agency was tasked to conduct aeronautical research including the development of wind tunnels. The NACA was a very successful agency. The program made history in 1947 when Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier. [MUSIC] But it wasn't all about breaking records. The D558 has a radical new design that had swept wings. Thanks to NACA research, the design was proven to be more efficient, and became common on commercial jet aircraft. Years before NASA was founded, the NACA was already researching rockets. [MUSIC] It even went as far as researching re-entry vehicles. [MUSIC] In 1957, the USSR sucessfully launched Sputnik 1, the first satellite to orbit Earth, forcing the US government to make changes. > MATA is in process of brief change. As you know, the final decisions are being made by the democratic processes of our chosen form of government that will result in the establishment of a new agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Agency, built around the present NACA The responsibilities for the non-military aspects of space activities. But now we have come to a new day. NASAA is to become part of a new agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Two, one, by command. [BLANK_AUDIO] [UNKNOWN] lift off. [APPLAUSE] [SOUND] And like that, the Space Race was on. NASA's first decade in space. Much of the first decade was spent gathering data from satellites, telescopes, and research vessels. [MUSIC] As research advanced, satellites carried plants, microorganisms, and animals. These bio satellites taught us how weightlessness, radiation, velocity, and pressure affected life. [MUSIC] NASA sent probes to Mars and Venus to learn more about our neighbors. NASA's next step was to place an unmanned vessel on the Moon, proving that a person could walk on its surface. In 1962 the Ranger 4 accomplished that mission. That gave a green light for astronauts to begin preparing themselves for spaceflight. They began going through intense conditioning and training exercises to be ready for one thing. [SOUND] Four, three, two, one, zero, ignition. [SOUND] [BLANK_AUDIO] All right, lift off and the [UNKNOWN] has started. Okay, we're on our way. [UNKNOWN] Okay, reading you loud and clear. [UNKNOWN]. Each test flight provided new and critical information. NASA began docking with space craft already in orbit. Which led to space walks. [MUSIC] And of course, the most important test, bringing astronauts back to earth safely. [MUSIC] Some of NASA's missions didn't go according to plan. But with every failure, there's potential to learn and grow. Pushing us further into the infinite darkness of space and bringing back new knowledge in preparation for one of humans' greatest achievements. [MUSIC] To the Moon. July 16th, 1969. Mission Commander Niel Armstrong prepares for the historic trek. The team rose early Eat breakfast and dress in their space suits. ten, nine, ignition sequence starts, six, five, four, three, two, one, zero, all engines running. Lift off. We have a liftoff 32 minutes past the hour. Liftoff on Apollo 11. Roger we've got a roll- Tower clear. [INAUDIBLE]. The journey to the moon lasted three days. The team kept busy navigating, observing, and grooming. On July 19th, Apollo 11 enters orbit around the moon, sending back incredible images. Good radar data. We're now in the approach phase. Everything looking good. 1400 feet. Still looking very good. 700 feet. 21 down. 33 degrees. 100 feet down in 19, 40 feet down, 2.5, picking up some dust. 4 forward, 4 forward, drifting to the right a little. [MUSIC] On back light, okay, engine stopped. We copy, get down, Eagle. Tranquility Base here, the eagle has landed. Seven hours after landing Armstrong finally steps out of the Lunar Module. That's one small step for man, [BLANK_AUDIO] One giant leap for mankind. They left behind an American flag. Along with medals honoring those who lost their lives in earlier space tests. [MUSIC] They also left messages of goodwill from 73 countries. [MUSIC] After spending 21 hours on the moon surface, it was time to go home [MUSIC] The lunar module rejoined the command module and headed back to Earth. Apollo 11 and crew came hurling back to Earth at 25,000 mph. [MUSIC] The crew was welcomed home with rescue divers and thunderous applause. The astronauts wore special air-tight garments to protect against the possibility of Lunar contamination. They were immediately placed into quarantine. The historic journey ended on July 27th, 1969. The mission was a success, unlocking a wealth of knowledge about the moon, its history, and its composition. [MUSIC] From all of us here at CNET congratulations NASA on 60 years of space exploration and research. For more news on NASA's 60th birthday visit CNET.com. [BLANK_AUDIO]

Up Next

Make Your iPhone Faster by Clearing the Cache
cachecnet

Up Next

Make Your iPhone Faster by Clearing the Cache

Nasal Sprays Could be the Most Effective Weapon Against COVID
nasal-sprays-2

Nasal Sprays Could be the Most Effective Weapon Against COVID

The Future of Eye Exams Lies in VR Headsets
heru-12

The Future of Eye Exams Lies in VR Headsets

How Apple and Google Make Photobombs a Thing of the Past
photobombpic-cnet

How Apple and Google Make Photobombs a Thing of the Past

Black Holes: Space's Biggest Puzzle Explained
black-holes-seq-00-10-57-07-still001

Black Holes: Space's Biggest Puzzle Explained

Pixel 6A vs. iPhone SE: The Cameras Are Surprisingly Different
pixelvsiphone-camcompare-screengrab3

Pixel 6A vs. iPhone SE: The Cameras Are Surprisingly Different

Fitbit Charge 5 or Mi Band 7: Fitness Tracker Comparison
nested-sequence-02-00-00-11-13-still001

Fitbit Charge 5 or Mi Band 7: Fitness Tracker Comparison

Testing iOS 16 (Edit/Delete Sent Messages, New Lock Screen and More!)
cnet

Testing iOS 16 (Edit/Delete Sent Messages, New Lock Screen and More!)

James Webb Space Telescope: First Images Explained
james-webb-seq-00-14-05-10-still002

James Webb Space Telescope: First Images Explained

Tech Shows

The Apple Core
apple-core-w

The Apple Core

Alphabet City
alphabet-city-w

Alphabet City

CNET Top 5
cnet-top-5-w

CNET Top 5

The Daily Charge
dc-site-1color-logo.png

The Daily Charge

What the Future
what-the-future-w

What the Future

Tech Today
tech-today-w

Tech Today

Latest News All latest news

Why Samsung Keeps Making Foldable Phones
foldablephone-explainer-clean

Why Samsung Keeps Making Foldable Phones

Everything We Expect Samsung to Announce
sideopen

Everything We Expect Samsung to Announce

New Device Uses Levitation for Touch-Free Building
levitation-1

New Device Uses Levitation for Touch-Free Building

Would a Solar Car Change Your Life?
solar-evs-00-05-39-10-still164

Would a Solar Car Change Your Life?

Chef Reviews Plant-Based Steak, Bacon, Chicken Breast and More
bacon

Chef Reviews Plant-Based Steak, Bacon, Chicken Breast and More

Ask Farnoosh: Recession-Proof Finances by Paying Down Debt or Boosting Savings?
farnooshcms

Ask Farnoosh: Recession-Proof Finances by Paying Down Debt or Boosting Savings?

Most Popular All most popular

New Device Uses Levitation for Touch-Free Building
levitation-1

New Device Uses Levitation for Touch-Free Building

Make Your iPhone Faster by Clearing the Cache
cachecnet

Make Your iPhone Faster by Clearing the Cache

Why Samsung Keeps Making Foldable Phones
foldablephone-explainer-clean

Why Samsung Keeps Making Foldable Phones

Would a Solar Car Change Your Life?
solar-evs-00-05-39-10-still164

Would a Solar Car Change Your Life?

Everything We Expect Samsung to Announce
sideopen

Everything We Expect Samsung to Announce

SpyraTwo hands-on: The ultimate water gun
spyratwo-2

SpyraTwo hands-on: The ultimate water gun

Latest Products All latest products

MacOS Ventura Public Beta: The 3 Best New Features
thumb1

MacOS Ventura Public Beta: The 3 Best New Features

What You Should Know About the Nothing Phone 1
nothingphone1-cms

What You Should Know About the Nothing Phone 1

New WatchOS 9 Features Coming Soon to Apple Watch
p1050672

New WatchOS 9 Features Coming Soon to Apple Watch

PlayStation Plus: Picking the Best Tier
p1099227-mov-06-55-54-22-still003

PlayStation Plus: Picking the Best Tier

E Ink Tablets: Everything You Need to Know
eink-website

E Ink Tablets: Everything You Need to Know

Moto G 5G Review: A $400 Phone That May Have Everything You Need
clip0001-00-00-25-15-still001

Moto G 5G Review: A $400 Phone That May Have Everything You Need

Latest How To All how to videos

How to Clean Your Keyboard's Sticky Keys
3keyboards

How to Clean Your Keyboard's Sticky Keys

How to Play Games from PlayStation Plus on PC
psstill

How to Play Games from PlayStation Plus on PC

How to Delete or Disable Your Instagram Account
phoneonorange

How to Delete or Disable Your Instagram Account

Fix Your iPhone Screen With Apple's Self-Service Repair Kit
dsc00641

Fix Your iPhone Screen With Apple's Self-Service Repair Kit

How to Buy a Budget Laptop in 2022
budgetlaptops-00-08-35-15-still001

How to Buy a Budget Laptop in 2022

Google Pay: How to Set Up and Use
googlepay-inhand

Google Pay: How to Set Up and Use