With the biggest initial wave of 5G deployment likely taking place in 2019 and 2020, phone-makers and carriers alike are readying themselves for the latest generation of cellular technology.
Most people will likely experience the benefits of a robust 5G network only through a 5G-enabled phone. After all, the grand promises Qualcomm and carriers are making with 5G coverage don't mean much if you can't access the network with your own device.
To help you keep tabs on when we can expect 5G phones, here's what the major phone makers have announced, and not announced, about their 5G phone plans so far.
Apple's in no rush to launch a 5G iPhone, so don't expect one in 2019 or maybe even 2020. Save for abandoning the headphone jack (the iPhone 7 was one of the first phones to lack one), Apple usually isn't the first to jump on mobile trends. Instead, it prefers to perfect an emerging technology before committing to it. Remember that it was behind its competitors in making phones with 3G and 4G LTE connectivity.
In August, Samsung confirmed its first 5G phone won't be the main Galaxy S10. Instead, the rumored device may be the Galaxy S10 Plus, the anticipated larger counterpart of the S10. The company is expected to launch the phone in South Korea, which is expected to deploy its 5G network around March 2019.
As for the US, AT&T announced it will carry two of Samsung's 5G phones by the second half of 2019. Verizon and Sprint also confirmed they will be partnering with the phone maker to launch 5G phones by next year.
What does that have to do with Google? For the past few years, Google has tapped Verizon as its exclusive carrier partner for its Pixel phones, including the new Pixel 3. (You can still purchase the phone unlocked and bring it to another carrier, or buy it on Google's Wi-Fi-first network, Google Fi.)
This could mean that Google's next flagship, presumably called the Pixel 4, could be a 5G phone. If it sticks with its usual phone launch schedule, the Pixel 4 would debut around October 2019 -- well after the first half of the year.
John Tudhope, director of product portfolio for Sprint, said the device will be a premium phone. Later, the vice president of 5G development at Sprint Business, Mishka Dehghan, said that the phone will have a distinct look and that "you will know it's a 5G device."
Lenovo unveiled the Motorola Moto Z3 in August, a phone that has 5G -- kind of. It only connects to 5G with a Moto Mod modular accessory, which attaches to the back of the phone using magnetic pins. With the Mod, Motorola says the phone will deliver data 10 times faster than other 4G LTE devices. The Mod is supposed to come out early next year, and we don't know how much it will cost.
As for a Motorola phone that wouldn't need an accessory to connect to 5G, the company is working on it. But you'll have to wait for a while. Doug Michau, Motorola Mobility's director of technical sales and operations, said that phone would come much later than early 2019 and that it would be "definitely less than three years," but there's no time frame yet.
But that doesn't exactly spell the end of the company and its 5G ambitions. "Our products and solutions are used by major carriers, Fortune 500 companies and hundreds of millions of consumers in more than 170 countries around the world," a Huawei spokesman said earlier this year. "We have earned the trust of our partners across the global value chain."
A month later, Qualcomm confirmed that OnePlus will indeed sell a 5G phone on UK carrier EE's 5G network. The network will span 16 UK cities in 2019, starting with London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast, Birmingham and Manchester. US carrier Verizon confirmed it wouldn't carry this phone.
In February 2017, the company demoed its Gigabit phone, which was capable of getting a 1-gigabit-per-second wireless connection (about 50 times faster than the average cellular speed in the US). But the phone was brought to the MWC trade show that year as a way to tout ZTE's 5G readiness -- it wasn't an actual phone but rather a proof of concept.