The software maker described the problem as "important," its second-highest rating for such problems. Antivirus software maker Symantec, meanwhile, characterized the vulnerability as "high risk," citing the impact that there could be if the vulnerability was successfully exploited.
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The flaw exists in the way Windows' Help and Support Center validates information that is sent to it. The software maker released a patch for the vulnerability and urged customers to "install the update at the earliest opportunity." The patch is posted to the company's security Web site, as is a bulletin outlining the flaw.
The bulletin was released as part of Microsoft's regularly scheduled monthly security update, according to Stephen Toulouse, a security program manager in the Microsoft Security Response Center. As for the rating level, Toulouse said Microsoft typically only deems vulnerabilities "critical"--the highest level--if they can be exploited without the user taking any action.
The announcement of the flaw comes as Microsoftthe outbreak of the Sasser worm and its variants. The software giant has been believed responsible for Sasser and other recent infections.
However, unlike Sasser, the latest vulnerability cannot be exploited simply through an e-mail worm. According to Symantec and Microsoft, there are a number of steps the user would need to take in order for their system to be compromised. Most likely, an attacker would have to host a Web site with a page designed to exploit the vulnerability and convince a user with an unpatched system to visit the site and perform several actions.
Microsoftthat led to Sasser in a bulletin last month.
The patch released Tuesday by Microsoft to fix the new flaw also makes two other changes designed to make Windows more secure. First, Microsoft removed a feature in Windows XP that gave users the option to upgrade a DVD decoder, in a move designed to prevent malicious exploitation of the feature.
Second, Microsoft eliminated a feature in the Help and Support Center that sometimes prompts people to send out information on their system's hardware after they run the "Found new hardware" wizard. Now, instead of being prompted to send their hardware information, users will now get an error message at the end of installing new hardware.