The layoffs, which were first reported by BusinessWeek, are expected to hit about 20 percent of the company's 5,800 employees and likely will be announced near the end of Novell's fiscal year, which ends Oct. 31, sources said.
Novell is under increasing financial pressure, particularly after the company reported third-quarter results in August in which revenue dropped 5 percent to $290 million and net income dropped 91 percent to $2.1 million.
The loudest call for reform came from, which owns more than 5 percent of the company's stock. Blum has urged major changes for months, including new top management, a greater emphasis on Linux and sales of several divisions. Credit Suisse First Boston analyst in September, including new management.
Novell declined to comment for this story, though it has indicated it agrees with its critics' assessments in some ways. In September, the Waltham, Mass.-based company announced plans to, a move Blum and Maynard both advised.
And in an , Chief Executive Jack Messman indicated cuts were coming: "Our cost structure will be better aligned to our strategy as part of our 2006 fiscal year planning."
That statement came not long after the company's disappointing third-quarter financial results, during which Messman also said cost-cutting is on the way: "I think we still need to make some operational enhancements to our business and to our corporate functions and in the field, which will lead to further cost reductions and efficiencies."
Celerant, a Novell consulting subsidiary, is a definite candidate for divestiture.
"As we have often publicly stated, we view Celerant as a noncore business. We envision Celerant being separated from Novell in some fashion when market and other conditions are appropriate," Messman wrote to Blum in a June letter disclosed in a regulatory filing.
Other cuts are likely too.
One source said the cuts almost certainly will hit Novell's, software based on the application server Novell obtained when it . And Novell likely will pull back from regions where it hasn't been successful, leaving sales to business partners that resell the company's products.
Since Microsoft undermined Novell's core business selling the NetWare server operating system, the company has sought to transform itself for years. It embraced open-source software, chiefly the Linux operating system, through its $210 million acquisition of Suse Linux in 2004.
Blum called for Novell to sell its GroupWise division, which sells e-mail and calendar software, and its ZenWorks division, which sells management software. But in the Oct. 4 response, Messman indicated neither move is likely.
"While GroupWise today is under significant competitive pressures, a move to an open-source offering will help us revitalize this category," he said, referring to the. And of ZenWorks, he said, "The ability to manage cross-platform systems will continue to be a key differentiator for Novell. ZenWorks is the foundation upon which we will expand our world-class IT system management capabilities."