Amazon's facial recognition software won't be used by police for the next year, the company said Wednesday. The tech giant announced a one-year moratorium on its Rekognition tool for law enforcement, after .
The company will allow commercial uses of facial recognition, and uses by organizations like the International Center for Missing and Exploited Children to help find victims of human trafficking.
"We've advocated that governments should put in place stronger regulations to govern the ethical use of facial recognition technology, and in recent days, Congress appears ready to take on this challenge," Amazon said in a press statement. "We hope this one-year moratorium might give Congress enough time to implement appropriate rules, and we stand ready to help if requested."
The temporary ban comes days after .
Amazon's promotion of Rekognition to law enforcement has been controversial for multiple reasons, ranging fromto how it's been used for . The company's own employees have .
The scrutiny came into even greater focus after multiple protests against police brutality called for defunding law enforcement, including surveillance tools like facial recognition.
Amazon has made some public gestures against racism like. But those to some as the tech giant continued to provide surveillance tools to thousands of police departments.
The company has also defended its support of facial recognition, pushing back against researchers who point out that Rekognition has racial and gender bias. Joy Buolamwini, a researcher and founder of the Algorithmic Justice League, first called out Amazon over the accuracy flaws in a study published with Deborah Raji, a student at the University of Toronto.
The announcement on Wednesday made no mention of the researchers who pointed out these flaws to Amazon, despite the fact that the company directly responded to the research in a blog post from January 2019.
"The conversation has shifted and hopefully we'll move toward some level of regulation for this technology to be used," Raji said.
But the moratorium on its own isn't enough, she noted. Amazon has, including the use of facial recognition. In 2019, Amazon founder Jeff Bezos said the company is working on its own regulations for facial recognition, .
"This is a very small step forward. One year is not enough to really push a lot of policy," Raji said. "I would hope that they're not going to spend the year investing in lobbyists. I hope that one year moratorium also applies to lobbying."
Amazon declined to comment beyond its blog post.
Privacy advocates who have spoken out against Amazon are also skeptical about the moratorium -- urging Congress to push for a full ban rather than a pause.
"Amazon has made huge sums of money by selling this dangerous and discriminatory tech to police; a one-year pause is not enough," Albert Fox Cahn, executive director of the Surveillance Technology Oversight Project, said in a statement. "Amazon shouldn't just end this practice for one year or one decade, it should end it forever."
Nicole Ozer, technology and civil liberties director with the ACLU of Northern California, said she's glad Amazon is finally recognizing "the dangers face recognition poses to black and brown communities and civil rights more broadly," even if it took two years to get here. But she also questioned the one-year timeframe.
"This surveillance technology's threat to our civil rights and civil liberties will not disappear in a year," she added. "Amazon must fully commit to a blanket moratorium on law enforcement use of face recognition until the dangers can be fully addressed, and it must press Congress and legislatures across the country to do the same."
Sen. Ed Markey, a Democrat from Massachusetts, agreed that the moratorium was not enough. He also directed attention toward Amazon's other surveillance investments like its Ring video doorbells and its hundreds of partnerships with police.
"Pressing pause on the use of this technology by law enforcement is a positive step, but what Amazon should really do is a complete about-face and get out of the business of dangerous surveillance altogether," Markey said in a statement. "That means also making wholesale changes to its Amazon Ring products and Neighbors app because the policies governing those offerings are an open door for privacy and civil liberty violations."