ISOC will take control of the domain in January, when VeriSign relinquishes its rights to the Web address. VeriSign, which once held a government-granted monopoly over domain names such as .com and .org, gave up theto the domain in exchange for keeping the lucrative .com address.
"We are thrilled to have this opportunity to serve the worldwide .org community," ISOC president Lynn St. Amour said in a statement.
ISOC was expected to win the bid after receiving two earlierfrom ICANN's staff, but it was a contentious journey.
In August, ICANN's staff issued a report backing ISOC over 10 othercompeting for the name. However, competitors then asked ICANN to reconsider its decision, with some charging that some ISOC members had unfairly close ties to ICANN's board. ICANN agreed to examine supplemental submissions from some of the competitors, but the body ended up reaffirming its recommendation of ISOC to the board.
ISOC is creating a separate group called the Public Internet Registry to control the database. Meanwhile, the organization has been busy creating a public Web site for the .org address and compiling its own board of directors, which includes professors, privacy experts and business people.
An ISOC representative said current .org sites won't see any change in operations except for an upgrade to new software created by Afilias. ISOC said it plans to add new services for .org operators, including offering education campaigns to help nonprofits use the Web more effectively for activities such as fund raising and reaching new members.
ISOC said it also plans to encourage nonprofits that aren't online to create Web sites.