Weather app works even when disaster takes out the network
IBM and the Weather Channel have a new app that sends emergency alerts from one phone to another, bypassing overtaxed mobile networks.
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Stephen Shankland has been a reporter at CNET since 1998 and writes about processors, digital photography, AI, quantum computing, computer science, materials science, supercomputers, drones, browsers, 3D printing, USB, and new computing technology in general. He has a soft spot in his heart for standards groups and I/O interfaces. His first big scoop was about radioactive cat poop.
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Mobile networks have a hard time handling emergencies that send us all rushing to our
to get the latest information or reach friends and family. A new Weather Channel app, though, can get the message through even during earthquakes, tornadoes and terrorist attacks when mobile networks can be overwhelmed and may not work.
The Android app, geared specifically for developing countries, uses IBM-developed technology called mesh networking that sends messages directly from one phone to another. The result is that information can propagate even when centralized networks fail.
Using Bluetooth and Wi-Fi networks, the app can send data from phone to phone across distances between 200 to 500 feet, IBM Research staff member Nirmit Desai said. It doesn't add any more battery burden than an ordinary app, and the mesh network can be used without having to reconfigure the phone's network settings.
It's a clever technique that's well suited to regions with subpar networks. But much of the promise of mesh networking remains unfulfilled.
One of the biggest mesh challenges is achieving a critical mass of network nodes -- in this case, people with phones running the app.
"Having mesh as part of one of the most popular apps helps," Desai said. "The app and the mesh technology have great synergy. Each new download of the app results in availability of a new mesh node. And with each new mesh node, the app is able to relay critical information to more users."
And mesh networks can be used for more than broadcasting alerts. "Once we have a viable mesh, it can carry data for multiple applications, including messaging applications," he said.
Mesh networks also open open up a new security concern. IBM's approach uses digital signatures to ensure information sent on the mesh network is from a trusted device and hadn't been modified.
The Weather Channel is launching the app in emerging markets in Asia, Latin America and Africa. It's a very small app by modern standards -- just 3.2MB -- and is geared to work even on slow, older 2G networks still common in much of the world.
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