This story is part of. All the latest coverage from Apple's annual developers conference.
Without the software that powers them, iPhones and Android phones would be high-priced pieces of glass, metal and plastic. So let's see how the new mobile OSes from Apple and Google compare, now thatand -- -- arrived early in September for Pixel phones.
On one side of the table, iOS 13 includes amore control over privacy settings and a bushel of improvements designed to make the iPhone more secure and easier to use. On the other side, also brings on dark mode, a focus on privacy and useful AI enhancements.
With thenow out, we are seeing how the iOS software is doing on the new hardware. And if you have a Pixel phone, Google's new software is your reality.
That means we're basing this comparison on the shipping versions of Android 10 of iOS 13.
One final note -- this piece doesn't cover every feature that Apple or Google announced. It focuses on the main elements that we think are the most interesting, useful and important to everyday people. Here's a moreand more on
Minding your privacy
Advantage: iOS 13
Over the years, Apple has made keeping user data private a selling point. And unlike Google, Apple's business is not dependent on targeted ads based on user data, instead making money on the hardware, apps and services it offers. At WWDC, Apple said it would give users greater control of location permissions with apps, choosing to share that info once and then have the app request it again if it wants it.that lets you anonymously sign into websites and apps without being tracked. The feature, this fall. Apple isn't perfect: Google did recently point out .
Google also talks up protecting user data, such as in a New York Times opinion piece where Google CEO Sundar Pichai wrote that "offered only to people who can afford to buy premium products and services." But Google has a tougher case to make because a major source of revenue is its ad business, based on what users search for, for example, and which videos they watch. The search giant does take a big step in the right direction with the next version of Android: through apps and services.
But the two companies' approaches to privacy show up in different ways. For example, Google is working on an update to its Chrome browser that developers say may. In contrast, Apple last year announced from monitoring your activities across the web.
WWDC 2019: A quick visual recap of Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference keynoteSee all photos
Dark mode for all
Advantage: iOS 13
Besides letting you switch it up from a bright white screen, turning on a dark mode can offer theby lighting up fewer pixels on the screen and also . Google folded a earlier this year, but the company didn't use the theme everywhere. In the , the dark theme is more evenly distributed across the mobile OS. Some of Google's mobile apps, such as Chrome, still lack a dark mode option, however.
Apple has more experience in this area. It went moody on the desktop first and rolled out a dark appearance inin 2018. to its mobile OS. Apple lists a broad collection of places that display the dark mode theme -- from wallpaper, widgets and notifications to Calendar to Messages -- and for now, iOS 13 should offer a more uniform dark experience.
Taking, editing and sharing photos
Advantage: Android 10
Google Photos offers almost everything you'd want in a photo service. It combines effortless backup and photo sharing with powerful, easy-to-use editing tools to create an essential photography tool for an Android phone.almost by itself is enough to tip the scale to Android. Because it's from Google, you can search for people, places, things and even to see all the images Google Photos has assigned the tag to. And the first 15GB of online storage is free. (And if you use Google's high-quality compression setting to store your photos, you get unlimited storage.)
iPhone 11 cameras, it should pack a punch.) Apple Photos excels at recognizing faces, objects and scenes to help you sort through your images. Unfortunately, much of the app's power is available just to Apple's users. And the first 5GB of iCloud storage is free.comes with a rich of editing tools, and in iOS 13, the app gains even more, including the ability to adjust the intensity of portrait lighting with a slider. (And paired with the new
Running mobile apps in other places
Advantage: iOS 13 (and MacOS)
At last year's developer conference, Apple said it would startusing a new developer tool that was named Project Marzipan and is actually now named .
And now, iPadOS developers can bring their own iPad apps to Mac in the upcoming . The move should benefit developers -- who will be able to more easily create an app that can run on Apple's mobile and desktop platforms -- and Mac users, who potentially get access to a richer selection of apps.
Gaming: Arcade vs. Stadia
Advantage: Well, it depends
With iPad, iPod Touch, and devices for . Interestingly,, you'll be able to download and play games on your ,
Google with itsis all about streaming games and will let you play them anywhere you can find a Chrome browser starting at . .
With-- and -- it's a little challenging to compare the two beyond studying video demos of Stadia (and ), but we'd suggest if you like console games and have a good internet connection, Stadia might be a good fit with its controller-driven service. If you're a casual gamer who likes playing mobile and indie games in your spare time --or looking for an affordable family plan -- Apple's approach might be a better fit.
Apple's Messages and FaceTime or Google's Duo and Hangouts and Messages and ...
Advantage: iOS 13
Apple puts its messaging focus onwhich are hard to beat for video and text chat. Communications are encrypted end to end. The messaging handoff between iOS and MacOS devices is seamless. And .
Google's messaging approach on Android is, err, more varied, with Duo and Hangouts for voice and video calls, Google Voice for dedicated voice calls, Hangouts Meet and Chat for business communication, and Messages for text messaging. You can use the Hangouts website to continue messaging on your Mac and Windows device, and you can keep up with your Messages texts via the web version of the app. The web version is handy but not flawless, and it sometimes seems to forget it's connected to the mobile version of the service.
Google Assistant vs. Siri voice assistant
Advantage: Android 10, by a long shot
Apple may have been first out of the, but Google Assistant runs circles around it, and over the years, Apple has done little to close the gap. In iOS 13, Siri gets a new robot voice and picks up a few tricks here and there, like and being able to read and respond to incoming messages through and stream radio stations. iOS 13 will also come preloaded with .
But Siri doesn't perform nearly as well as Google Assistant at recognizing and understanding different voices and commands. It's this basic functionality that's at the heart of the issue, but Google assistant is also integrated tightly into everything you do on your phone, and can proactively make recommendations by looking at your calendar and Gmail account for upcoming reservations and appointments.
Google has put its assistant on every Android phones, in the $49and $299 , and into , and at this summer's developer conference, the company showed off a range of .
Siri is also widely available -- working on iOS, MacOS anddevices and the . can create personalized tasks that Apple's smart assistant can perform for you. However, Siri is still underwhelming, mostly because the database it draws from is limited, while Google rules search.
Advantage: Android 10, maybe
If you swipe instead of type, Google has its own swipable keyboard, Gboard, and many other Android phones implement other apps like SwiftKey, into their default virtual keyboards.is a big -- but extremely belated -- deal.
There is a lot to like about Gboard, especially, beyond its swiping capabilities. I like being able to apply different themes, use different languages and easily insert GIFs.the swiping part of the iOS 13 keyboard, looks good as well, but it's so far behind the competition, it's hard to see this as anything but long overdue catch-up.
Mapping and exploring
Advantage: Android 10
If you just need to get from here to there, Apple Maps is up to task. And with iOS 13,to include better road and pedestrian information and more precise addresses. Apple's updated Maps app will also have a Look Around tool that lets you see a 3D view of a location.
Google Maps has had these features for a while, however, including its own 3D mode called Street View. But Google has much more, constantly updating its Maps app to make it even more useful getting you places, in part by folding in the useful bits of its other map app, Waze. But Maps is also useful after you arrive. For example, its Explore tab lets you find a seemingly endless list of places to eat and things to do, wherever you are.
Shara Tibken contributed to this report. Apple did not respond to a request for comment.
Originally published earlier this year and updated with new information.