5 things to consider before you buy a portable drive
CNET editor Dong Ngo explains the simplicity and practicality of portable drives and how to choose one that best fits your needs.
Dong NgoSF Labs Manager, Editor / Reviews
CNET editor Dong Ngo has been involved with technology since 2000, starting with testing gadgets and writing code for CNET Labs' benchmarks. He now manages CNET San Francisco Labs, reviews 3D printers, networking/storage devices, and also writes about other topics from online security to new gadgets and how technology impacts the life of people around the world.
Watch this: Choosing a portable drive that's right for you
Editors' note: This post was originally published on May 10, 2016 and is periodically updated.
The cloud is great. But if you need a serious amount of storage, online backup is never quite enough. Drawbacks such as intermittent broadband access or frustratingly slow speeds mean local storage is essential. And, of course, it never hurts to have a backup of the backup.
That's where portable storage comes in. Whether you're editing a home video, keeping zillions of family photos, storing your killer PowerPoint decks, keeping your MP3 collection at the ready or making quick backups at a critical time, local storage always beats the cloud, especially in terms of performance and accessibility.
I'm looking beyond generic USB sticks and SD cards here. This guide is for people who need high-capacity storage: multiterabyte hard disks and multigigabyte flash drives. These USB and Thunderbolt drives are physically smaller, more capacious, cheaper and faster than ever before. And because they're "bus powered," meaning they all draw power from the host computer (and, in some cases, even from phones or tablets) through the connecting data cable, there's no need to carry a separate power adapter around.
With that in mind, here are five things to consider before you buy a portable drive -- followed by my list of recommendations:
Choose the right connection
It all comes down to USB vs. Thunderbolt now that other types of connections are largely obsolete. Obviously you'll want to get a drive that can work with your computer. So if your machine has a Thunderbolt or Thunderbolt 2 port (most popular in pre-2016 Mac computers) then you'll want to get a Thunderbolt drive. On the other hand, since most computers have at least one regular USB port, getting a USB-based drive is a safe bet. Some portable drives support both Thunderbolt and USB. However, if you intend to use your drive for at least a few years, even with new computers, make sure you get one that's future-proof by following the right connection trend.
Keep up with the trend
And the trend is the USB Type-C (or USB-C) connector. This new connector type is used by both the latest USB gadgets and all Thunderbolt 3 devices. In other words, all Thunderbolt 3 ports are USB-C ports. So if you get a new computer now, chances are it will have USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports. (This is the case for all Macs released in 2016 and likely those to be released in the future.)
Note that a USB-C portable drive can work with both a USB-C port and the regular USB (aka USB-A) port via a compatible cable, but a non-USB-C portable drive will not work with a USB-C port, unless you have an adapter. That said, if you get a USB-C portable drive, it will work with all existing computers and future ones. The only catch is currently they're generally more expensive, but this will likely change in 2017.
Make sure it's fast enough
Portable drives that use a solid-state drive (SSD) for storage tend to be superfast and great for heavy tasks such as editing an HD movie file. They can also be useful if you need to copy a large amount of data in a short time. But SSDs are also expensive. If performance isn't that much of a concern for you, getting a hard drive-based portable drive (non-SSD) will save you a lot of money. If all you're doing is watching a movie from the drive or backing up your data on a daily basis, for example, speed won't be your biggest concern.
Also, keep in mind that Thunderbolt drives are generally faster than USB drives. And among USB drives, the USB 3.1 Gen 2 (10 gigabits per second) standard has twice the rated speed of USB 3.0 (or USB 3.1 Gen 1), which in turn is 10 times faster than USB 2.0.
Does it have enough storage?
Obviously, the more storage space, the better. But you don't want to pay for storage you're not going to use. Generally, for backup purposes, you'll want a drive that has more storage space than the your laptop's internal drive.
If storage capacity is your biggest concern, a hard drive-based portable drive is the way to go. You can get one with as much as 4TB in capacity for less than $130, £100 or AU$230. You can also get SSD-based portable drives of up to 4TB, but they can easily cost 10 times that much.
The rugged option
Are you clumsy with your tech? No problem. There are some rugged portable drives out there for people who need their gadgets to be able to take a little punishment.
OK. Now that we're all caught up and we know what portable drives are and how they can help you, here are six models to choose from depending on your needs. If you want the top portable drives, however, check out this list.
Rugged enough to be safe against drops and being run over by a car
Available in MacBook-matching colors
Includes cables for both USB-C and USB-A ports
Available only to up to 1TB of storage
Short three-year warranty, relatively expensive, no security options
Bottom line: The Atom SSD is the fastest non-RAID portable drive on the market. That plus is compact, rugged design make it the best portable drive to date. And if you want extreme speed, there's also the Atom RAID SSD that deliver almost twice the speed.
The Rugged Thunderbolt is one of the fastest portable drives on the market
Supports both USB 3.0 and Thunderbolt 2
Built-in Thunderbolt cable that wraps around its edges to save you from having to carry a cable around
The drive is MIL-compliant, which means it can protect data against accidental drops of up to 6.6 feet (2 meters). And with the rubber cover on, the drive also provides IP 54-level protection against dust and water
No USB-C port
The capacity tops out at just 500GB
Bottom line: If you work in rough environments and need a flexible and super-fast drive that can be used for heavy tasks or to transfer data between a Thunderbolt 2-ready and USB-ready computers, you will find the LaCie an excellent accessory. You can't plug it in an USB-C port (without an adapter), however.
The My Passport is affordable and offers up to 4TB
Fast performance for a hard drive-based (non-SSD) portable drive
Helpful backup software included
Plenty of color options to choose from
The drive is a bit bulky
Bottom line: If you need an affordable portable drive as storage expansion or for backing up your computer, you'll find the My Passport an easy and safe choice. Alternatively, you could opt for the Seagate Backup Plus Ultra Slim.