Jeff Bezos finally has his astronaut wings. Under the picturesque dawn sky of the West Texas desert, the 57-year-old ex-Amazon CEO and founder of space tourism company Blue Origin, rocketed into space for a brief moment, calling it, "the first step of something big."
And it all happened 52 years to the day since Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin pressed their boot prints into the moon.
Atop the Blue Origin rocket, locked inside a gumdrop-shaped capsule, Bezos, his brother Mark,and headed off as part of mission NS-16. Approximately three minutes after liftoff, the crew experienced weightlessness for the first time and touched the edge of space. Hoots and hollers erupted from the cabin, and staticky calls of "that's awesome" permeated the live broadcast.
In that fleeting moment, they joined an exclusive new club for "commercial astronauts," which, prior to the mission, numbered only 10. The total number of people who've been to space is just 570. Both lists now count two Bezos brothers, a Funk and a Daemen in their ranks.
The four-person crew unbuckled from their seats after the New Shepard rocket lifted their capsule beyond the stratosphere. The capsule reached a peak altitude -- or apogee -- of around 66 miles (approximately 106 kilometers) into the sky.
Weightless, the crew bumped around the capsule, somersaulting and throwing orange ping pong balls to each other. Mark Bezos flung a Skittle towards Daemen, perched upside down against the capsule roof, and the 18-year-old manuevered to catch the sweet in his mouth.
And then, almost as quickly as it went up, the capsule began its descent back to solid ground.
Simultaneously, the New Shepard rocket that had carried the capsule to the edge of infinity was calmly falling back to Earth. It touched down gently in the West Texas desert about seven minutes after liftoff.
At approximately eight minutes and 30 seconds after flight, the capsule's parachutes deployed and brought the capsule safely to land.
"I am unbelievably good," Bezos said after touchdown, responding to a check by CapCom. "Best. Day. Ever."
The historic feat came just 11 days after.
While much has been made of Bezos' journey -- and, sure, he bankrolled the endeavor -- but it was a truly momentous occasion for 82-year-old, who had been dreaming of going to space for longer than Bezos has been alive. Funk volunteered to take part in the privately funded Women in Space Program in the 1960s, undergoing the same physiological assessments as America's first male astronauts. But she never got to fly. The program was canned in 1962, and Funk's space dreams were put on hold.
Today, she became the oldest person to visit space.
"I loved it," Funk said at a post-flight conference. "I want to go again -- fast," she said. She thanked Jeff Bezos, turning and kissing him on the cheek.
Sitting next to her on the journey, but on the other side of the generational gap, was 18-year-old Oliver Daemen. His father, owner of a Dutch private equity firm, placed a bid to nab a seat on New Shepard, but pulled out as the value crept up. When the as-yet-unannounced winner of the auction pulled out due to "scheduling conflicts," Daemen got the callup.
The edge of infinity
In the leadup to launch, there had been some frosty back and forth between Bezos' Blue Origin and Branson's Virgin Galactic.
The latter company took its billionaire founder to a height of 53 miles (86 kilometers), earning Branson his own pair of commercial astronaut wings. However, Blue Origin made a slightly snarky tweet about where space actually begins and seemed to suggest that perhaps Branson hadn't reached "space" after all.
"Only 4% of the world recognizes a lower limit of 80 kilometers or 50 miles as the beginning of space. New Shepard flies above both boundaries. One of the many benefits of flying with Blue Origin" the company said on July 9.
Wherever the boundary is set, the experience of being up there didn't differ all that much for the two billionaires, and the bickering was largely left behind in the final days before the Blue Origin launch.
What about Earth?
Speaking on NBC's Today prior to launch, Bezos made note of the criticism that both he and Branson had used their vast wealth to get off the Earth exactly when vast wealth is needed to combat some of the planet's greatest problems.
"Of course people said, 'Look we have so many problems here on Earth,' and they're right," Bezos said. "And we need to do both, and we've always done both."
"We need to focus on the here and now, and we need to look to the future, so we're building a road to space so that Oliver's generation can blow us away with amazing things and make life better here on Earth."
Both Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin plan to conduct science in suborbital space. The companies will allow researchers to send payloads into microgravity, which would allow brief experiments to take place. As launch cadence increases and more and more flights become available, the repeated access to microgravity could be a more cost-effective way to test things like gravitational biology and fluid physics than sending payloads to the International Space Station.
And will the experience itself, gazing upon the curvature of the Earth from high above the ground, change the billionaires?
"I am hopeful that the new era of space tourism will mean the rich and powerful can see the Earth from orbit, experiencing a profound shift in perspective as they see the fragility of our blue marble suspended in the void," says Alan Duffy, an astrophysicist from Swinburne University and lead scientist at the Royal Institution of Australia.
There are some lingering issues hanging over Bezos' flight, too -- issues that we're amplified when the ex-Amazon CEO made comments once safely back on land. "I wanna thank a few people," Bezos started, giving a nod to Blue Origin's team, before adding "I want to thank every Amazon employee and every Amazon investor because you guys paid for all this." The comments were labelled as "tone-deaf" by some online while a stream of others pointed toand the fact .
What's next for the billionaire space race?
It's unlikely we'll see Branson or Bezos flying again anytime soon (though there's a), but now a new race begins: Which billionaire's space tourism company can get the first crew of paying customers to the edge of space?
Ticket prices are far too high for the majority of people to afford, though Virgin Galactic has reportedly around 600 customers lined up, including Musk and Funk. Before closing ticket sales in 2014 due to a fatal crash, a seat on its spaceplane was selling for up to $250,000.
Bezos and Blue Origin have yet to announce the price of a seat on New Shepard but, with the first crewed flight a success, it won't be long before we find out.
It seems Virgin Galactic has its nose in front here, though it has said it will conduct two more flights before putting other people into space. But you can count the number of successful flights for Galactic on one hand, whereas Bezos' Blue Origin now has 16 up-and-down joyrides on its ledger. Before the space tourism sector really blasts off, safety and consistency will be key to ensuring customers are willing to climb aboard the rockets.
Blue Origin has two more flights planned for this year but hasn't revealed when they're scheduled to take place.
But this is really the very, very beginning of commercial space travel. We haven't even mentioned Musk's SpaceX yet. In September,, atop SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket, to blast into orbit for three days. Then there's Yusaku Maezawa, the Japanese entrepreneur who has announced he will take eight artists on a in 2023. Before that, though, he's .