Coronavirus timeline: How the disease spread across the globe from Dec. 2019 into March 2020
COVID-19 was first detected late last year and has now spread to over 160 countries worldwide. Here's how the pandemic unfolded.
Jackson RyanFormer Science Editor
Jackson Ryan was CNET's science editor, and a multiple award-winning one at that. Earlier, he'd been a scientist, but he realized he wasn't very happy sitting at a lab bench all day. Science writing, he realized, was the best job in the world -- it let him tell stories about space, the planet, climate change and the people working at the frontiers of human knowledge. He also owns a lot of ugly Christmas sweaters.
Corinne Reichert (she/her) grew up in Sydney, Australia and moved to California in 2019. She holds degrees in law and communications, and currently oversees the CNET breaking news desk for the West Coast. Corinne covers everything from phones, social media and security to movies, politics, 5G and pop culture. In her spare time, she watches soccer games, F1 races and Disney movies.
COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, has rapidly spread and reached the stage of pandemic. Cities, states and countries mandated quarantines. Health care systems scrambled to contain outbreaks and entire industries have shut down. Tech giants were hit hard by supply chain problems and social media networks have wrestled with the spread of misinformation and conspiracy theories.
This timeline highlights how the pandemic unfolded since December 2019, with a particular focus on breaking news events and lockdown information as it happened.
Coronavirus timeline (March 22, 2020 to Dec. 1, 2019)
Sen. Rand Paul tests positive
Sen. Rand Paul, R-Kentucky, has tested positive for coronavirus. In a tweet Sunday, Paul's account revealed that he tested positive and is in quarantine. According to the tweet Paul is "asymptomatic and was tested out of an abundance of caution due to his extensive travel and events," with a follow-up tweet noting that his staff has been operating remotely and that he "expects to be back in the Senate after his quarantine period ends."
Paul is the first US senator to test positive for the virus.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel is in quarantine
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has entered quarantine after being told that a doctor who gave her a pneumonia vaccine Friday has tested positive for coronavirus. According to the Associated Press, Merkel was put into quarantine shortly after a press conference on Sunday where she announced some "new measures to curb the spread of the virus." The country has added a ban of gatherings of more than two people in a bid to slow the pandemic.
Watch this: Coronavirus lockdown: Why social distancing saves lives
Pence staffer tested positive
Vice President Mike Pence said in the White House's daily briefing that a member of his staff has tested positive for the coronavirus and is doing well, with "mild coldlike symptoms." He added that neither he nor President Trump had contact with the staffer, but that Pence and his wife would be tested later in the afternoon.
Apple to provide face masks
Apple has pledged to donate 2 million industrial face masks to help address the needs of health care workers in areas hit hard by the new coronavirus, Pence said in the Saturday briefing.
Avoid unnecessary testing and procedures
Also during the briefing, Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, urged people to forgo unnecessary tests and medical procedures, all of which reduce the supply of the personal protective gear needed for doctors and nurses. ""Those are high priority for the health care workers that are taking care of people who have coronavirus disease," Fauci said.
Illinois on lockdown
The state of Illinois is on lockdown, Gov. JB Pritzker announced. The stay-at-home order goes into effect at 5 p.m. local time Saturday, and will remain in place until April 7.
Suspension of student loan payments
The US Education Department said that people with federal student loans can suspend payments for two months without having to worry about accruing interest. The period of suspension, which started March 13, will run for at least 60 days. "Right now, everyone should be focused on staying safe and healthy, not worrying about their student loan balance growing," Education Secretary Betsy DeVos said in a statement.
Netflix pledges $100 million to creatives
Netflix is creating a $100 million fund to help with employment hardship caused by the coronavirus in the creative industry. Most will go to supporting the "hardest hit workers" on Netflix's own productions globally, in addition to the two weeks' pay it's providing to cast and crew. But $15 million will be provided to "third parties and nonprofits providing emergency relief to out-of-work crew and cast in the countries where we have a large production base."
Netflix will also donate $1 million each to the SAG-AFTRA Foundation COVID-19 Disaster Fund, the Motion Picture and Television Fund and the Actors Fund Emergency Assistance in the US, and $1 million between the AFC and Fondation des Artistes. It will donate similar amounts to organizations in Europe, Latin America and Asia, Netflix Chief Content Officer Ted Sarandos said in a blog post.
US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin tweeted Friday that Tax Day has been moved from April 15 to July 15. "All taxpayers and businesses will have this additional time to file and make payments without interest or penalties," he tweeted. He added in a second tweet: "I encourage all taxpayers who may have tax refunds to file now to get your money."
Unprecedented jobless claims predicted
Goldman Sachs economist David Choi predicts that initial unemployment claims in the US for the week ending March 21 could reach 2.25 million, according to Market Watch. That compares with 281,000 as of March 14 and 211,000 as of March 7. Such an increase in one week's time would be unprecedented in US history.
UK shuts pubs, clubs, cafes and restaurants
The British government said on Friday that all bars, pubs, cafes and restaurants must close as soon as possible throughout the UK, and can now only provide takeout. The closures extend to theaters, clubs, cinemas, gyms and leisure centers.
Coronavirus in pictures: Scenes from around the world
Gov. Gavin Newsom on Thursday ordered all Californians to stay home. The order, which takes effect at midnight and covers around 40 million residents, will allow Californians to leave their homes for essential activities, such as grocery shopping. The order requires nonessential businesses to close and prohibits gatherings. Newsom said more than half the state's population could be infected if strong measures aren't implemented. More than 900 people have been infected in the state.
"It's time for all of us to recognize, as individuals and as a community, we need to do more," Newsom said.
Data shows 100,000 people have been tested in the US
The tracking project pulls in data from public health websites, press releases and government announcements across all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and five US territories. Only three tests have been conducted in the US Virgin Islands, despite all three coming back positive.
The US states with the least tests conducted are Delaware, at 66 tests -- with almost half of those positive -- and Alabama at 96 tests, with 68 of those positive.
"Due to the products we carry that enable and enhance our customers' experience in working from home, we believe GameStop is classified as essential retail and therefore is able to remain open during this time," the memo says.
Digestive issues and diarrhea are the main complaints in half of coronavirus patients studied, Chinese researchers said, according to a report by CNET sister site CBS News. The researchers from the Wuhan Medical Treatment Expert Group for COVID-19 said patients presenting with digestive symptoms should be tested without waiting for respiratory issues to come up. Their research came from analyzing data from just over 200 patients across three hospitals in the Hubei province between Jan. 18 and Feb. 28.
Los Angeles County on lockdown
Los Angeles officials on Thursday announced the implementation of a "safer at home" public lockdown order, requiring more than 10 million people to stay at home and most businesses to close. The order goes into effect at midnight Thursday and is tentatively set to last until March 31.
California capital on lockdown
Sacramento, the capital of California, is joining the San Francisco Bay Area on lockdown. Residents of Sacramento County have been told to stay home apart from essential activities as of 11:59 p.m. PT on March 19. Whenever they do go outside, they must remain at least 6 feet from any other person. Restaurants will be limited to takeout and delivery, with all bars, wineries, breweries, card halls and gyms closing.
Americans told not to travel anywhere overseas
The Department of State has updated its travel advisory warning to a Level 4 for the entire world, meaning US citizens are being told to avoid all international travel. If American citizens are outside the US, they're being told to return immediately using whatever commercial means are still available.
Italy's death toll surpasses that of China
Italy reached a grim milestone, reporting 3,405 total deaths due to COVID-19. That puts its death toll ahead of China's, which stands at 3,130. The Italian government continues to enforce a nationwide lockdown to control the spread of COVID-19.
Trump: FDA approves 'compassionate use' for some patients
During a briefing Thursday, US President Donald Trump said his administration has "slashed red tape" to develop vaccines and therapies for coronavirus as fast as possible. The president also said the US Food and Drug Administration has approved "compassionate use" for several coronavirus patients, allowing them to try experimental drugs that haven't yet been approved by the FDA.
Also during the briefing, FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn said the agency is looking at drugs already approved for other uses, including an anti-malaria drug called hydroxychloroquine, as possible treatments for coronavirus. However, he stressed that experts would be doing this in the setting of a clinical trial.
Prince Albert II of Monaco tests positive
Prince Albert II of Monaco has tested positive for the novel coronavirus, the palace announced in a statement released to many media outlets. The palace said the prince, 62, is being treated by doctors from the Princess Grace Hospital and continues to work from home. Other well-known figures to test positive so far include Tom Hanks and his wife, Rita Wilson, and actor Idris Elba. Also, two members of the US Congress have tested positive: Reps. Mario Diaz-Balart, a Republican from Florida, and Ben McAdams, a Democrat from Utah.
See the emptiness as coronavirus closes landmarks, stadiums, amusement parks
The central Chinese city of Wuhan is reporting zero new COVID-19 cases for the first time since the outbreak began in December. According to CGTN, a Chinese media service, the Chinese mainland reported zero new domestically transmitted cases, marking a turning point in the battle against the virus at the outbreak's epicenter.
Deferring tax payments will keep $300 billion in the economy
The US Treasury and the IRS say deferring of tax payments from April 15 to July 15 "will result in about $300 billion of additional liquidity in the economy in the near term." Individuals owing $1 million or less and corporations owing $10 million or less may take advantage, but they must still file their tax returns by April 15.
US Census collection delayed
Field collection of the 2020 US Census is being postponed, with in-person teams suspended until April 1. In late May, census takers are set to visit households that have not yet responded. "As we continue to monitor the evolving COVID-19 outbreak, we will adjust census taker and survey operations as necessary in order to follow the guidance of federal, state and local health authorities," the Census Bureau said.
It's possible to complete the Census online, however. The bureau encourages filling it out as soon as possible.
UK shuts schools starting Friday
All schools in the UK will be closed from Friday until further notice, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Wednesday. Schools will be required to make provisions for the children of key workers, including doctors and nurses, and must also continue to care for the most vulnerable children. Children who receive free school meals will be given vouchers to ensure they still are able to claim a free daily lunch. No school exams will take place this year. Johnson has asked parents not to leave children with older grandparents or those in other vulnerable groups.
The president said he's invoking the Defense Production Act, which allows him to expedite and expand production of critical equipment -- such as ventilators, respirators and protective gear -- from the US industry. "It can do a lot of good things if we need it and we will have it all completed, signing it in just awhile," Trump said at a coronavirus task force briefing.
Americans asked to wait on elective medical procedures
Also at the briefing, Vice President Mike Pence called on Americans to postpone all elective medical procedures.
Naval hospital ships will be deployed
Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said he has directed the Navy hospital ships Mercy and Comfort to deploy "to increase the nation's medical capacity." Each ship contains 1,000 beds, a pharmacy, operating rooms and a medical laboratory. It's unclear at this point exactly how the ships will be used.
US closes border with Canada to 'nonessential' traffic
The US will close its northern border with Canada to all "nonessential" traffic amid the pandemic, Trump announced. "We will be, by mutual consent, temporarily closing our Northern Border with Canada to nonessential traffic," the president tweeted. "Trade will not be affected."
Australia announces global travel ban
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has announced an indefinite ban on international travel across the entire globe for Australian citizens and residents. "Do not go overseas," Morrison said in a press conference, adding the most cases the nation has seen have been from Australians returning from an international trip.
Australia has also banned nonessential indoor gatherings of 100 or more people, with the outdoor limit still set for 500. Morrison called for hoarders of household goods to stop, labeling them "un-Australian."
Anzac Day services for April 25 will now only be held online.
Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly on Tuesday ordered all public schools serving kindergarten through high school students to be closed for the rest of the academic year. Officials plan to continue educating students and have formed a panel to produce lesson plans and other guidance for schools.
"Americans need cash now," Mnuchin said during a White House press briefing. "I mean now in the next two weeks." The proposal to send checks requires congressional approval. The previous day saw one of the worst drops in the market's history as the US and the world continued to react to the pandemic's spread.
"We will plan to reopen our resorts as soon as it is safe to do so," Jim Murren, CEO of MGM Resorts, said.
UK government warns against travel
British residents were advised against "all but essential international travel." The government sent a travel advisory email adding that "any country or area may restrict travel without notice."
Trump announces new guidelines for next 15 days
Trump announced a series of guidelines for all Americans to follow over the next 15 days:
Avoid gatherings of more than 10 people.
Avoid discretionary travel like shopping trips and social visits.
Avoid bars and restaurants and food courts -- instead use drive-through, pickup and delivery options.
Do not visit aged care facilities.
If you work in health care, pharmaceutical or food supply, "you have a special responsibility to maintain your normal work schedule."
If someone in your house has tested positive, the entire household should stay home.
Older people and those with underlying health conditions should stay home.
The guidelines also recommend states with evidence of community spread should close all bars, restaurants, food courts, gyms and indoor and outdoor venues. "It's just so contagious," Trump said during a White House briefing.
Trump said he was tested for the coronavirus "very late Friday night," with the results coming back negative.
New Jersey 'strongly discourages' travel between 8 p.m. and 5 a.m.
New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy tweeted that nonessential, nonemergency travel is "strongly discouraged" between 8 p.m. and 5 a.m., saying "This will remain in effect for the foreseeable future. We want everyone to be home, and not out." As of 8 p.m. PT Monday, all gatherings of over 50 are banned, and all movie theaters, gyms, casinos and racetracks will be shut down. Essential businesses like supermarkets, grocery stores, medical offices, gas stations and pharmacies may remain open later than 8 p.m., Murphy said.
G7 leaders pledge to do 'whatever is necessary' to fight pandemic
In a statement on Monday, world leaders said they're committed to working together in order to protect people during the coronavirus pandemic. The Group of Seven -- an intergovernmental organization of seven countries including the US -- said it will pool "epidemiologic and other data to better understand and fight the virus," as well as "forcefully address" the economic impact of the outbreak.
Qantas refunding all flights
One day after Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced a mandatory 14-day quarantine on anyone flying into Australia -- aside from those from Pacific islands -- Qantas has said it will refund all flights that have been booked for travel up to May 31 in Qantas store credit.
Europe proposes ban on incoming travel
The president of the European Commission on Monday proposed a month-long ban on nonessential incoming foreign travel to the EU. Individual governments would have to agree to the restrictions, which would apply to travelers from outside the EU, but not to British citizens.
"Here in Europe we are heavily affected by the virus and we know that everything that reduces social interaction also reduces the speed of the spread of the virus," said President Ursula von der Leyen. "The less travel, the more we can contain the spread of the virus."
NY, NJ and CT take join action
The governors of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut on Monday said they're taking joint regional action to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Gyms, movie theaters and casinos in all three states will be temporarily closed starting Monday evening. Bars and restaurants will be restricted to take-out and delivery only. Also, in line with CDC recommendations, gatherings are being restricted to no more than 50 people throughout the three states.
CDC recommends eight-week hold on public events
The CDC recommended that US gatherings of 50 or more be canceled or postponed for the next two months.
"CDC, in accordance with its guidance for large events and mass gatherings, recommends that for the next eight weeks, organizers (whether groups or individuals) cancel or postpone in-person events that consist of 50 people or more throughout the United States," the CDC said in a statement. The recommendation does not apply to the day-to-day operation of schools, businesses or institutions of higher learning, the CDC said.
Fed slashes rates to almost zero
The Federal Reserve slashed interest rates a full percentage point to near-zero to prop up the economy amid the coronavirus outbreak. "Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability," the Federal Reserve said in a statement. The effects of the coronavirus will weigh on economic activity in the near term and pose risks to the economic outlook.
Italy reports sharp one-day increases
Italian health officials reported 3,590 more cases Sunday, the country's largest single-day increase so far, and 368 deaths (also a single-day record). Total cases in the country total more than 24,000, with deaths at more than 1,800. That's the most outside China.
California nightclubs, wineries and bars ordered closed
California Gov. Gavin Newsom on Sunday ordered the closure of all "bars, nightclubs, wineries, brewpubs and the like" to combat the spread of coronavirus. Restaurants are exempt from the order because they're considered an essential business, but they will be required to halve their occupancy to maintain appropriate social distancing.
New York City closes schools
New York City's public school system will shut down to stem the spread of the coronavirus, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced. The system, the largest in the country with more than 1 million students, previously shut down nine public schools because a student or school personnel had tested positive for the virus.
No public Easter celebrations, Vatican says
The Vatican said its traditional Easter week celebrations would be held without worshippers this year. "Because of the current global public health emergency, all the liturgical celebrations of Holy Week will take place without the physical presence of the faithful," the Prefecture of the Pontifical Household said in a statement.
Also on Sunday, Pope Francis left the Vatican to visit two important pilgrimage sites in Rome and to pray for all who are either sick and caring for the sick, a Vatican statement said. "With his prayer, the Holy Father pleaded for an end to the pandemic that has struck Italy and the world. He also implored the healing of the many sick people, remembered the numerous victims of these past days and asked that their families and friends might find consolation and comfort."
Germany closes land borders
As cases in Germany reached 5,000, the country announced that it will temporary close its borders with France, Switzerland, Austria Luxembourg and Denmark starting 8 a.m. local time on Monday. Goods will still move freely and commuters will be allowed to cross borders for work. Interior Minister Horst Seehofer said the government needed to "disrupt the chains of infection" to contain the spread of the disease and "to do that, we have to limit not only large events and social contact, but also the movement of people."
Former Schiff aide tests positive
Rep. Adam Schiff (D-California) said Sunday that a former aide on his staff has tested positive for coronavirus. Schiff said in a tweet that the former staffer likely contracted the virus after leaving his office 10 days ago and that no other staffers are exhibiting any flu-like symptoms.
Spain, France impose restrictions
After imposing a lockdown Friday on the Catalonia region, the Spanish government on Saturday ordered all the country's citizens not to leave their homes except to go to work, buy food, seek health care or help those in need of care, The New York Times reported. The Times also said France has ordered all "non-indisensible" businesses to close as of midnight. That includes bars, restaurants and movie theaters but excludes grocery stores, banks and gas stations. Meanwhile, the paper noted, Poland said that come Sunday, it would seal its borders to everyone except citizens, and Denmark said all foreigners without an essential reason for visiting would be refused entry. In a move earlier in the week, all of Italy had already been sealed off, and only banks, grocery stores and pharmacies remain open there.
Trump tests negative; US expands travel ban; House OKs relief package
President Trump tested negative for the coronavirus, his doctor said late Saturday, according to The Washington Post. During a Saturday morning press conference, Trump said he'd been tested for the coronavirus Friday night, with the results still to come. Several people Trump has had contact with at his Mar a Lago property have tested positive.
Also at that press conference, Vice President Pence said the federal government is extending a ban on travel from Europe to the US, with the ban now including Britain and Ireland. That move is set to go into effect at midnight on Monday.
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo reported the first death in New York City. Cuomo said the victim was an 82-year-old woman with a preexisting respiratory disease. The New York Times later clarified that the woman died in Brooklyn. Later still, officials announced the second death in New York state, a 65-year-old man north of Manhattan with "significant health problems," the paper noted.
Trump declared a national emergency, saying the move will open access to $50 billion in federal funds for states, territories and localities in the fight against the coronavirus. The president said he'll "most likely" be personally tested for the coronavirus soon.
Sophie Trudaeu, former TV host and wife of Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau, has tested positive for COVID-19. According to tweets by the prime minister on Wednesday, Sophie was experiencing mild flu-like symptoms upon return from the United Kingdom. As a precaution, the prime minister will go into self-isolation for 14 days.
Disneyland is closing as California halts gatherings of 250 or more
California Gov. Gavin Newsom introduced new guidelines that say all private and public gatherings of 250 people or more should be canceled for the rest of March. Newsom said this didn't apply to casinos, card rooms, theaters or Disneyland "because of the complexity of their unique circumstance," and he added that he'd spoken with former Disney CEO Bob Iger on March 11 and decided the Disney theme parks in Anaheim could remain open. Nevertheless, later Thursday, Disney Parks decided to shut down those venues till the end of the month.
Following the announcement of Disneyland closing, the Disney company said Walt Disney World and Disneyland Paris would also be closing on Sunday, March 15, through the end of the month. This includes the Disneyland Paris and Walt Disney Studios parks in France, and the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Animal Kingdom, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Typhoon Lagoon and Blizzard Beach parks in Orlando, Florida.
New York stops gatherings of 500, including Broadway shows
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced that all gatherings of 500 or more people should stop, with the rule going into effect Friday. The exception is Broadway theaters, which'll be closed as of 5 p.m. ET tonight.
The US Capitol will reportedly halt all public tours through at least the end of March. The decision was made jointly by congressional leaders, Capitol security officials and medical staff, Politico reported. By the end of the week, the Capitol complex is expected to be restricted to official business only.
Princess Cruises halts operations
The Carnival-owned cruise line said Thursday that all 18 of its cruise ships will cease operations for 60 days, starting Thursday. "Those currently onboard a cruise that will end in the next five days will continue to sail as expected through the end of the itinerary so that onward travel arrangements are not disrupted. Current voyages that are underway and extend beyond March 17 will be ended at the most convenient location for guests, factoring in operational requirement," the company said in a statement.
The World Health Organization has officially declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director-general, made the announcement Wednesday, saying that "pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly."
Trump suspends travel from Europe to US
No travelers will be allowed to enter the US from most of Europe for 30 days, the president said during an evening briefing. "These restrictions will be adjusted subject to conditions on the ground," Trump said in a rare televised address from the Oval Office. "There will be exemptions for Americans who have gone through appropriate screenings."
Tom Hanks, wife Rita Wilson test positive
In what is perhaps the highest-profile coronavirus case yet, the actor shared on Instagram that he and his wife tested positive for the illness. They will self-isolate until instructed otherwise.
The rest of the NBA's 2020 season is suspended indefinitely, following follows Utah Jazz player Rudy Gobert testing positive for the coronavirus.
Earlier in the day, the Golden State Warriors barred fans from home basketball games, announcing in an official statement that its March 12 game vs. the Nets at San Francisco's Chase Center will be played without fans in attendance. Fans with tickets to this game will receive a refund in the amount paid. All events though March 21 will also be canceled or postponed.
CES Asia, the sibling of the world's biggest tech trade show, CES, was scheduled to take place June 10-12 in Shanghai but has been postponed by the organizing committee, the Consumer Technology Association. No new date was announced.
"Our decision reflects the concerns of our stakeholders including exhibitors, buyers, media and speakers. Given the evolving global concerns about and impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19), we feel this is the best decision for everyone involved, " the Consumer Technology Association said in a statement.
Making tax day less taxing
Trump suggested on Monday that his administration might give wage earners a "very substantial relief" in the form of a payroll tax cut. Trump might also be looking to extend the April 15 deadline for US residents to file their federal taxes, The Wall Street Journal reported. A filing extension would effectively serve as a "bridge loan" for individuals and businesses affected by the virus since they wouldn't face fines or interest penalties.
US cases hit 1,000
The US has reported over 1,000 cases of COVID-19. The increasing number of positive cases comes against a backdrop of increased scrutiny on the US response, after reports showed the federal government "missed chances" to contain the outbreak early.
Britain's health minister infected
Nadine Dorries, the British health minister, has confirmed she tested positive for the coronavirus. According to the BBC, Dorries self-isolated at home and had started tracing people she had contact with. The same day she began showing symptoms, she had attended an event at which British Prime Minister Boris Johnson also was present.
Dorries took to Twitter late on Tuesday to thank her followers for "many good wishes."
Australia bans travel to Italy, announces AU$2.4B package
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison held a press conference Wednesday morning local time, announcing that Australians will be banned from traveling to Italy as of 6 p.m. AEDT on March 11. Morrison also provided details on how a AU$2.4 billion ($1.6 billion) response package will be spent, including on establishing 100 pop-up fever clinics across the nation; providing free health sessions with doctors over FaceTime, Skype and WhatsApp video calls; and helping support aged care facilities. The government is still finalizing some of the measures, with Morrison saying the package is about "keeping Australians in jobs, and keeping business in business."
AU$30 million will be spent on research into vaccines and treatments. The Australian government said there's "no point" in being tested for COVID-19 right now even if you do feel sick unless you've traveled or been in contact with someone who is a confirmed case.
Zuckerberg works to increase testing in the Bay Area
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, owned by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, are working with Stanford University to "quadruple UCSF's COVID-19 testing and diagnostics capacities by funding the acquisition of two state-of-the-art FDA-approved clinical diagnostic machines."
EU pledges 25 billion euros for coronavirus response
The European Union is setting up a 25 billion euro ($28 billion) investment fund to help address the financial crisis caused by the spread of COVID-19, Reuters said Tuesday. The European Parliament will be asked to finance the fund with 7.5 billion euros this week, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen announced at a news conference.
The state of New York has created a "containment zone" in the city of New Rochelle just north of Manhattan, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said. The zone falls within "a 1 mile radius around the site of the most cases in New Rochelle," Cuomo said on Twitter, adding that the city has the "biggest cluster of coronavirus cases in the state." In the zone, large gathering places, including schools and places of worship, will be closed from March 12 till March 25. The National Guard will deliver food to those living in the zone, and a temporary testing facility has been set up. The move comes as New York announced another 31 cases in the state, for a total of 173.
Coachella and Stagecoach music festivals canceled
Coachella said the festival, originally scheduled for April 10-19, has been rescheduled for two weekends in October -- Oct. 9-11 and 16-18. The corresponding Stagecoach festival will take place on Oct. 23, 24 and 25. Festival organizers say refunds will be given for those who can't attend on the new dates.
Watch this: Coronavirus and COVID-19: Everything you need to know
Selling overwhelmed the US stock market, triggering an automatic halt that paused trading for 15 minutes, amid fears over the virus' effect on the global economy. Sliding oil prices and a fall in Treasury yields contributed to the selling. Stocks rebounded when trading resumed, but then resumed sliding. The major indexes were off by more than 7% for the day. As measured by the S&P 500, stocks are down more than 15% since the beginning of the year, shortly after the new coronavirus was identified.
In Silicon Valley, companies urged employees to work from home to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. Santa Clara County, where many US tech giants are headquartered, and the San Francisco Bay Area more broadly, are the epicenter of the outbreak in California, the most populous state. Tech companies have said they'll continue paying hourly staff during the outbreak.
Trump and Pence announce guidelines, more tests, financial help
President Trump said he will be announcing "very substantial relief" on a payroll tax cut "that's a huge number," as well as giving help to hourly wage earners and small businesses. During a White House press conference March 9, Trump said he's been working with the airline, cruise ship and hotel industries because "we want people to travel to certain locations and not to other locations."
Also speaking during the conference, Pence said all travel from China into the US has been suspended, while there are travel advisories for portions of South Korea and Italy, with all passengers coming from those countries to be screened on arrival in the US. Pence said commercial labs have brought a test forward and are making it available. Also, all state labs have a test available.
Pence said the Grand Princess cruise ship has docked in Oakland, California, with the 21 infected people in isolation. His team was hoping to disembark California residents to Travis Air Force Base that day, and made arrangements with Canada and the UK to take their passengers back. Those passengers were to be transported directly to the tarmac and flown home on chartered planes.
Trump didn't respond to questions about whether he's been tested. Pence hasn't been tested, and said he will find out if Trump has. The guidance was to be released that evening on coronavirus.gov. The White House has also given additional guidelines to nursing homes around the country, with the virus now present in 35 states and the District of Columbia.
Australian airline Qantas announced a series of changes to its flights due to the coronavirus, including grounding eight of its largest aircraft, the A380, until September. It's also rerouting its Sydney-Singapore-London flights to go through Perth instead of Asia and delaying the launch of its new Brisbane-Chicago route. Its budget airline, Jetstar, has suspended flights to Bangkok (it suspended flights to Seoul last week) and reduced flights to Vietnam and Japan by almost half.
Sen. Ted Cruz in isolation US Sen. Ted Cruz released a statement Sunday detailing his interaction with a person who tested positive for COVID-19. Given the esposure, Cruz said he has decided to remain at his home in Texas for 14 days. The interaction occurred at the Conservative Political Action Conference approximately 10 days earlier. According to his statement, Cruz feels "fine and healthy."
US State Department: 'Avoid cruise ships' The US State Department is advising travelers to forgo cruise ship travel, particularly those with underlying health conditions. In an update to its travel site March 8, the department said the "CDC notes increased risk of infection of COVID-19 in a cruise ship environment."
The warning came as the Grand Princess cruise ship, which departed from San Francisco on a trip to Hawaii, was scheduled to dock in Oakland, California, on Monday. At least 21 passengers were confirmed as COVID-19 positive, including 19 members of the staff. The ship itself contained approximately 3,500 people and was to undergo a 14-day quarantine when it docked March 9. Passengers wouldn't be required to stay on the vessel but would be moved to military bases around the country, according to CBS News.
Italy lockdown The Italian government signed a decree ordering millions of people into lockdown across the northern part of the country. The order put the northern region of Lombardy, as well as 14 other regions, under travel restrictions, CNN reported. The lockdown quarantined tens of millions of citizens. Italy's outbreak is the worst outside Asia and the worst in Europe, with over 7,000 cases and 300 deaths.
Also near DC, the American Conservative Union said an attendee at last week's CPAC event had tested positive for the coronavirus, CNN reported. Trump and Pence were among those at the conference. The White House told CNN that "at this time there is no indication that either President Trump or Vice President Pence met with or were in close proximity to the attendee." That person was receiving medical care in New Jersey. And Amtrak said its Acela nonstop train service between New York and Washington would be suspended from March 10 to May 26.
On the social media front, Facebook said it's temporarily banning face mask ads to help curb the exploitation of fears around the coronavirus.
March 6: Coronavirus cases reached the 100,000 milestone globally, while Trump signed an emergency funding package, and the South by Southwest festival got canceled. The US also saw the first coronavirus deaths on the East Coast, with the Florida Department of Health announcing that two people had died from COVID-19.
Global cases hit a milestone Confirmed global cases of COVID-19 have now topped 100,000, according to a tracker developed at Johns Hopkins University. The tracker pulls data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization and other local and international health authorities.
South by Southwest gets canceled Austin, Texas-based SXSW joined a growing list of events to pull the plug amid coronavirus concerns. The event drew 417,4000 attendees in 2019. "Based on the recommendation of our public health official and director of public health and after consultation with our city manager, I've gone ahead and declared a local disaster. And along with that issued an order that cancels SXSW this year," Austin Mayor Steve Adler said in a press conference, later calling the cancellation "unfortunate." The cancellation followed multiple dropouts from companies and artists slated to appear at SXSW.
Deaths on the East Coast The East Coast of the US saw its first coronavirus deaths, with the Florida Department of Health announcing that two people had died from COVID-19. Both victims had traveled internationally, the department said.
Pennsylvania, Indiana, Minnesota, Kentucky, Hawaii confirm first cases Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf confirmed that two people in the state had presumptive positive test results for the coronavirus. One of them, an adult from Wayne County who recently traveled to a country with an outbreak, was at home in isolation. The other, an adult from Delaware County who recently traveled to an area in the US where the coronavirus is spreading, was also at home in isolation.
Indiana health officials confirmed the first presumptive positive case of coronavirus. The adult patient, a Marion County resident, had recently returned from a conference in Boston. Officials said he's now in isolation and in stable condition, according to officials. An investigation was underway. Indiana Gov. Eric Holcomb declared a public emergency to ensure additional funding.
Minnesota also confirmed its first case: an "older adult" in Ramsey County who traveled on a cruise ship with a known coronavirus case. The patient developed symptoms Feb. 25 and sought health care March 5, and was in quarantine at home while recovering.
Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear confirmed the first case in Lexington and declared a state of emergency. There have been 10 tests, with nine coming back negative, he said in a press conference. Beshear gave no details about the sick person, except that he or she was in a medical facility. Kentucky repurposed the poison control hotline for COVID-19 calls (800-222-1222).
Hawaii also confirmed its first case. The patient was likely exposed while aboard the Grand Princess cruise ship, with the Hawaii Department of Health saying it doesn't think the patient came into close contact with anyone who was ill. There's so far no evidence of community spread in Hawaii.
The ship's previous voyage from San Francisco to Mexico Feb. 11-21 so far resulted in one death and five diagnoses. Former passenger Margie Hartle told CBS that passengers weren't tested before getting off the ship and that many were coughing during the bus ride back to Sacramento. "We were ground zero and you have 2,500 people walking out right now in Sacramento, up in the foothills, whatever, that might be carriers," she said.
March5: Tennessee Gov. Bill Lee announced the first case of COVID-19 in Williamson County. A 44-year-old man tested positive on Wednesday and was quarantined at home. He had returned from Boston on a nonstop flight before falling ill, according to a report.
Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan said three people in the state have tested positive for the coronavirus. All three cases were in Montgomery County, and the patients were in quarantine at their homes. All three people, a couple in their 70s and an unrelated woman in her 50s, contracted the virus during overseas travel. Hogan declared a state of emergency to ramp up the state's response.
Google, Microsoft, Amazon tell some employees to work from home Some companies with offices in Seattle were telling employees to work from home when possible. A Google spokesperson confirmed the move after talking with local health officials. Microsoft published a post Wednesday saying that all Puget Sound and San Francisco Bay Area employees who can work from home should do so through March 25. New York Gov. Cuomo said the state is increasing its coronavirus testing capacity after approval to partner with more labs. Starbucks won't let you fill your own cup anymore due to virus-spreading concerns, but it will continue to honor the 10-cent discount for those who do bring in their own cups.
San Francisco confirms two cases of unknown origin Mayor London Breed of San Francisco has confirmed two "community-spread" cases of COVID-19 in the city, meaning the patients weren't known to have traveled or had contact with an infected person. During a press conference, Breed said a man in his 90s with an underlying health condition was in serious condition, and a woman in her 40s was in fair condition. The patients were unrelated and were being cared for in isolation at separate hospitals in the city.
Pelosi signs $8.5 billion emergency response package House Speaker Nancy Pelosi signed a bipartisan US emergency response package, which covers issues across employment insurance, food, telehealth, small businesses and schooling. It'll help states and local governments with the costs they incur, and also help fund vaccine research. It was headed to President Trump's desk for final signature.
IBM's supercomputer is on the case IBM's Summit supercomputer, one of the most powerful in the world, was joining the fight against COVID-19. Simulations can examine the virus faster than growing the microorganism in labs, IBM said. Jeremy Smith, governor's chair at the University of Tennessee and director of the UT/ORNL Center for Molecular Biophysics, said the team was "very hopeful" the findings would help inform studies to find a treatment.
"Using Summit, researchers were able to simulate 8,000 compounds in a matter of days to model which could impact that infection process by binding to the virus's spike, and have identified 77 small-molecule compounds, such as medications and natural compounds, that have shown the potential to impair COVID-19's ability to dock with and infect host cells," IBM said in a blog post, adding that this would've taken months on a normal computer.
March 4: One death in California was attributed to COVID-19, while New York City began cracking down on price gouging and Australia reported its second fatality.
Contagion movie rose on iTunes Steven Soderbergh's decade-old story of how humans might respond to a deadly airborne virus hit the top 10 rentals.
Apple out of SXSW Apple canceled appearances at SXSW 2020, joining other huge tech brands like Facebook, TikTok, Amazon and Twitter in skipping this year's festival because of coronavirus concerns.
First fatality in California, state of emergency declared On Wednesday, Placer County Public Health in Northern California announced the first death in the state. The victim was an elderly adult with underlying health conditions, who tested positive on Tuesday after likely contracting the disease during a Princess Cruise from Feb. 11-21 between San Francisco and Mexico. The patient was put in isolation at Kaiser Permanente Roseville.
Pence says 1.5 million more test kits coming During a coronavirus conference, Vice President Pence said 1.5 million test kits were going out that day to hospitals. In addition, every state health lab and university lab could now conduct a coronavirus test. The goal was to get to a place where all doctors and clinics have access to tests, which he said would be possible "within a number of weeks."
The number of cases had risen to 22 in New South Wales, the state's department of health said. The new cases included an female resident in her 70s at the same Macquarie Park facility; a female doctor from Liverpool Hospital; a female in her 30s from the Northern Beaches; a man in his 50s from Cronulla; and a woman in her 60s believed to have returned from the Philippines on March 3.
New York City to fine stores that jack up prices on supplies New York City tweeted it would begin issuing fines "to any store found price gouging supplies." (Residents can call 311 to report price gouging.) Sen. Ed Markey on Wednesday sent a warning letter to Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, asking him not to allow price gouging on the online retailer, while Washington Attorney General Bob Ferguson also warned stores against jacking up prices, saying "we are taking formal investigative actions."
TED Vancouver conference reportedly delayed TED2020 Uncharted, a conference slated to take place April 20-24 in Vancouver, has reportedly been delayed. TED was considering postponing until July or doing "an expanded and ambitious digital experience," a spokesperson told CNET in an email.
NASA and the US Air Force to reportedly test working from home Due to fears about the spread of the coronavirus, NASA and the US Air Force were set to test teleworking, according to a Politico report that cited a NASA spokesperson and an Air Force memo. The US Air Force said it's required to test its telework capacity once a year, which it typically does during snow days. NASA said it's "taking various actions" to be prepared for the spread of the coronavirus, including making Friday an agencywide work-from-home day.
March 3: Two deaths in the Seattle area in the week beginning Feb. 24 were attributed to COVID-19, state health officials revealed, according to The New York Times. That brought the death toll in Washington state to nine. Seven new cases were announced in the state, bringing the total number of infections to 21.
In an emailed statement, the company said: "TikTok has decided not to participate in SXSW this year. While we think the risk is relatively low, we are erring on the side of caution as we prioritize safety for our team, creators, partners, artists, and brands. We are looking at a variety of alternative ways to bring parts of the previously scheduled experience to audiences in creative new forms."
"The IOC has the right to cancel the games only if they are not held during 2020," Hashimoto reportedly told parliament. "This can be interpreted to mean the games can be postponed as long as they are held during the calendar year."
The International Olympic Committee has doubled down on efforts to ensure the games go ahead as planned. The opening ceremony is scheduled for July 24. The Paralympics are scheduled to run from Aug. 25.
Google cancels I/O The biggest event on search giant Google's calendar each year is I/O, a developers conference held in the San Francisco Bay Area. The I/O 2020 conference was scheduled to begin May 12, but Google has decided not to go ahead with the conference this year. Attendees will get a full refund, the company said in an email.
"Due to concerns around the coronavirus (COVID-19), and in accordance with health guidance from the CDC, WHO, and other health authorities, we have decided to cancel the physical
event at Shoreline Amphitheater," Google said in a statement.
Twitter's attendance would have included a keynote address from CEO
, as well as a larger presence from the company. In past years, Twitter has hosted speakers and events at its "Twitter House."
Facebook announced it's pulling out of
due to fears over the COVID-19 outbreak.
Google Cloud, a platform that runs a suite of services on the search giant's cloud, made its biggest event of the year, Google Cloud Next, digital-only. Scheduled for April in San Francisco, the event would now take place digitally, with "streamed keynotes, breakout sessions, interactive learning and digital "ask an expert" sessions with Google teams," according to a blog post.
Coronavirus virus gets an official name: SARS-CoV-2 A paper, published in the journal Nature Microbiology by the Coronaviridae Study Group, officially designated the coronavirus that causes the disease "SARS-CoV-2." In a slightly confusing move, the authors suggest it should be considered distinct from the virus that caused the SARS outbreak in 2002 and 2003 -- but the virus is closely related to the coronavirus responsible for that outbreak.
US Surgeon General Jerome Adams tweeted advice for the public to stop buying face masks, suggesting they're not effective at preventing transmission. This echoed advice from the CDC, which "does not recommend" healthy people wear a face mask to protect themselves from any respiratory disease.
Feb. 28: The Game Developers Conference, a huge gathering of video game developers that takes place in San Francisco every year, was postponed. The event was scheduled to take place March 16-20 but big-name developers like Epic, Facebook/Oculus, Blizzard and
more decided to pull out.
"After close consultation with our partners in the game development industry and community around the world, we've made the difficult decision to postpone the Game Developers Conference this March," the organizers said in a statement. "Having spent the past year preparing for the show with our advisory boards, speakers, exhibitors, and event partners, we're genuinely upset and disappointed not to be able to host you at this time."
The GDC didn't provide a new date for the event, saying only that "we fully intend to host a GDC event later in the summer."
"This was a tough call to make -- F8 is an incredibly important event for Facebook and it's one of our favorite ways to celebrate all of you from around the world -- but we need to prioritize the health and safety of our developer partners, employees and everyone who helps put F8 on," Konstantinos Papamiltiadis, Facebook's director of developer platforms and programs, said in a statement.
Instead of F8, Facebook said it's planning to bring developers together through locally hosted events, videos and livestreamed content.
Feb. 26: In a press conference, President Trump said the risk to Americans remains low. "The No. 1 priority from our standpoint is the health and safety of the American people," he said. He noted that of the original 15 US cases, one remained in hospital and was "pretty sick," with 14 others either fully recovered or in recovery. He also announced that Vice President Pence would coordinate the response to the virus.
The CDC confirmed local transmission of the virus had occurred in the US. This means the virus was able to spread from person-to-person in the US, rather than being imported by a traveler.
Feb. 23: A number of high-profile events were canceled in Italy, including Serie A football matches and one of the world's biggest fashion shows in Milan. The Venice Carnival, a world-famous masquerade, was also cut short. Tens of thousands of Italians were put into lockdown after a third death was recorded in the country.
Feb. 21: Italy reported the first person-to-person transmission of the virus and the total number of COVID-19 infections had risen to six. The cases were clustered in Italy's Lombardy region, in the north. A day later, Feb. 22, Italy reported its first two deaths.
Feb. 20: South Korea reported its first death from the coronavirus.
Feb. 19: Iran's first confirmed cases of COVID-19 were reported and, on the same day, its first two deaths.
One of the biggest video game conferences, PAX East, which takes place in Boston, saw a few cancellations.
, which manufactures the PlayStation and was scheduled to show off the highly anticipated title The Last of Us Part II, decided not to attend because of coronavirus concerns.
In a breakthrough, researchers working with the coronavirus created the first 3D map of a special protein that allows the coronavirus to get into human cells. Using state-of-the-art microscopy, the team at the University of Texas at Austin showed the virus is able to bind to human cells stronger than the SARS coronavirus but also noted the spike proteins can be targeted in the creation of a vaccine or treatment.
A vaccine, however, is still at least 18 months away.
"Work is starting to resume around the country, but we are experiencing a slower return to normal conditions than we had anticipated," Apple said in a statement. "As a result, we do not expect to meet the revenue guidance we provided for the March quarter."
Shigeru Omi, the chief director of the Japan Community Health Care Organization, suggested the Olympics could be disrupted or even canceled, depending on how the virus continues to spread and evolve over the next few months.
"Whether the virus is under control by the time of the Olympics is anyone's guess," he said.
Feb. 14: The US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseasesreleased new images of the virus for the first time. NIAID's Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Montana used specialized equipment, scanning and transmission electron microscopes, to capture the digitally colorized close-ups.
Chinese health authorities reported a jump in the number of cases and deaths in Hubei, the epicenter of the outbreak. Over 13,300 new cases were recorded in Hubei alone, an increase of 700% over the previous day. Chinese authorities had adopted a new clinical method for confirming cases, which saw them add "clinically diagnosed cases" to the count, potentially helping patients receive treatment sooner, according to CNN.
Feb. 1: A passenger who stayed aboard the Diamond Princess cruise from Yokohama, Japan, and disembarked in Hong Kong was confirmed to have the coronavirus. The ship was scheduled to return to port Feb. 4.
Jan. 30: The WHO declared a public health emergency of international concern. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director general of the WHO, said the organization was working with national and international public health partners to get the outbreak under control. It also issued recommendations to prevent the spread of the virus and ensure a "measured and evidence-based response."
Jan. 20: The first human-to-human transmission was reported by a Chinese expert on infectious diseases after two individuals caught the disease from family members and 14 health workers were infected by patients. This was a significant development in the spread of the virus and suggested cases could be much higher.
Jan. 16: Japan saw its first case of the virus, a man who had traveled to Wuhan.
Jan. 7: A novel coronavirus was identified from patients and given a placeholder name: 2019-nCoV.
Jan. 1: China shut down the Huanan Wholesale Seafood Market in Wuhan, which was linked to a number of patients with the disease.
Dec. 31: China alerted the WHO of a spate of illnesses in Wuhan, China. The central city lies some 650 miles south of Beijing and is home to more than 11 million people.
Dec. 30: Dr. Li Wenliang, a doctor at Wuhan Central Hospital, warned colleagues from his medical school via WeChat about a cluster of patients being treated for viral pneumonia, linking it to the SARS coronavirus. Investigations would later rule out that virus, which had caused an outbreak in 2002-2003.
Wenliang was reprimanded by Chinese authorities for speaking out about the mysterious illnesses he had seen at his hospital and was forced to sign a statement saying he was spreading rumors.
Dec. 1: The first known patient experienced symptoms of the mysterious pneumonia-like illness now known as COVID-19. No epidemiological link was established between this case and later instances of the disease. The disease may have made its way into humans even earlier, with Chinese media reporting that the first case presented on Nov. 17.
See the emptiness as coronavirus closes landmarks, stadiums, amusement parks