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Off-roading basics

This sunburnt country is so vast and wide that to see many of its best features you need to head off road. Here are some basics to consider before you head off the beaten track.

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Derek Fung

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1 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Picking the right vehicle

This sunburnt country is so vast and wide that to see many of its best features you need to head off road. Here are some basics to consider before you head off the beaten track.

This list is far from comprehensive, so check back later this week when we'll have a video feature from the four-wheel driving course that was the main prize in our recent Toyota FJ Cruiser competition.

You wouldn't send a bog-standard Cruze out to compete in a 24-hour race, similarly you shouldn't try to tackle the Simpson Desert in a CR-V or Kluger.

Before embarking, make sure that your off-roader is up to the task and in good working order. Cars like the Toyota FJ Cruiser, Prado, Nissan Patrol, Mitsubishi Pajero, Land Rover Discovery and Jeep Cherokee are all well suited to serious off-road work.

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2 of 18 Thirst by Cris Watk, royalty free

Supplies

Australia is a hot, dry, dusty place at the best of times, so bring plenty of water. You'll probably need at least three litres per person per day for drinking alone.

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3 of 18 Self Serve by Andrew Martin, royalty free

Fuel

Make sure that you fill up when you can and that you have enough fuel to last you until your next encounter with a petrol station.

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4 of 18 Web Browser Icons by Philippe Ramakers, royalty free

Plan

As far as four-wheel driving goes, Benjamin Franklin said it best: "By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail."

As with many aspects of modern life, the internet is your best friend. Forums and websites abound, and allow novices and experts alike to find out all one needs to know about possible routes.

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5 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Travel in packs

On any off-road trip, you're likely to get stuck, which makes travelling with another vehicle essential. They'll also save you should a worst-case scenario occur, such as a break down or becoming impossibly stuck.

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6 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Snatch

Having another four-wheel drive on hand makes getting unstuck a lot easier.

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7 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Understand

Many of us drive around in cars and operate phones and computers that we have little working knowledge of. And, most of the time, everything works fine and everyone goes to sleep happy.

But when you're heading off road, it's good to know how your four-wheel drive works and what some of its basic features are for. For instance, ask yourself: do you know the difference between low- and high-range four-wheel drive?

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8 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Learn the basics, at least

If you and the rest of your off-roading crew have never been on anything more challenging than a gravel road, money spent on an off-roading course will not be wasted.

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9 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Course work

Apart from teaching you the basics of off-roading, going on a course will give you some first-hand experience. Trust us, the first time you arrive at a hill's summit and all you can see is blue sky and the horizon, it can be more than a bit nerve-wracking.

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10 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Thumbs out

Hooking your thumbs into a steering wheel's spokes is something we do instinctively. Off road, though, it could cause you a nasty injury if you hit an obstacle.

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11 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Going down

Part of learning how to drive off road is unlearning some of what one already knows about driving. For example, it's natural to want to stand on the brakes, especially when you're heading down a massive decline. As long as you're in low-range four-wheel drive, though, it's not necessary and, in fact, can be detrimental.

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12 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Crossing the Ganges

Water crossings look great and are fun, there's no denying that, but they're fraught with peril, so avoid them when you can. If a crossing can't be helped, make sure the current isn't too fast and that you plan your line out in advance. That way you can avoid any large objects or big dips. Depending on the level of water clarity, you may even need to traverse the crossing on foot first.

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13 of 18 Sand Dune by Marion Harrington, royalty free

Walk then run

For your first off-road adventure, don't attempt to cross the Simpson Desert (above) or the Birdsville Track. Even after taking a four-wheel driving course there's still much to learn.

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14 of 18 Toyota

Go clubbing

No, not one of the all-night, drink your problems away variety. Joining a four-wheel drive club is a great way of meeting like-minded folks. Some, like the Land Cruiser Club of Australia, have properties with four-wheel drive tracks on which you can hone your skills and test the limits of your vehicle in a controlled environment.

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15 of 18 First Aid Kit by lcs9, royalty free

First aid

Unlike a regular holiday, you can't just pop down to the local supermarket or pharmacy. Bring along a first aid kit, as well as any medicines or supplements you regularly take. And, as with water, take more than you think you'll need.

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16 of 18 Qualcomm

Stay in contact

In the bush, away from population centres, mobile phone reception can range from patchy to non-existent. A CB radio can be handy for getting in contact with any other off-roaders nearby, but for more arduous and remote journeys a satellite phone is a must.

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17 of 18 Derek Fung/CNET Australia

Let 'em know

Inform your friends and loved ones of where you're going, roughly how you're getting there and when you plan to arrive. That way, should you fail to turn up, they can raise the alarm.

Also, don't be afraid to let locals and park rangers know where you're intending to go. The more people that know, the merrier.

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18 of 18 Silverton 3 by Jo Spargo, royalty free

Turn back

If the track looks impassable, don't be afraid to turn back. Dented ambition is better than a seriously dented vehicle.

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