Nearly 450 machines were on display--and set on free play--for this fourth annual convention of all things pinball.
To raise funds for the Pacific Pinball Museum in Alameda, Calif., pinball wizard Michael Scheiss brought together the artists, engineers, and designers of these lovable machines for three days of seminars, tournaments, and plenty of game playing.
The design for this kitschy outer space themed machine, Count-Down, built by Gottlieb in 1979, was painted by Gordon Morrison. Morrison was the primary artist for Gottlieb in the 1970s and produced copious amounts of comic book-like art.
Beginning with the 1977 machine Stampede and ending with Orbitor 1, this complete collection chronologically showcases each and every production pinball machine built by the Stern Company from 1977 to 1982.
The Stern machines are notable for their artwork and artists, including the prolific Harry Williams, who designed 10 of these machines, as well for their challenging play fields, from some of the top designers in pinball history.
Scheiss originally built Visible Pinball in 2006 and has recently added new to it.
As pinball has been overshadowed by computer games, pinball engineering experts have become harder to find. Also, repairs can be tricky, and finding parts for older machines has become increasingly difficult.
Conventions like this make for great connections in the underground world of pinball resurrection.
In search of old parts, home hackers restoring machines that are sometimes decades old can hunt down a precise part, and learn new tricks to keep their machines alive.
Organizer Michael Scheiss said one of his favorite things about the game is that "it's real. It's real gravity. Video games use fake gravity. This is real--it's built right into the machine."
The artwork is by Roy Parker, who designed play fields for almost 300 different pinball machines during his career, which lasted from 1930 to 1966.
Parker is known for his intricate detail and his distinctive curvy blonde women, which appear as motifs in nearly all his game designs.
One of the most interesting things about the expo is the glimpse it gives of the changes that took place in art and design as machines moved from wood and mechanics to solid state digital.
As visitors walk through the expo, the simple dings and bells of the wooden-railed machines of the 1930s gives way to the walls of sound spewing from later machines.
In a crowded row featuring some of the most recent pinball games, Stern's just-released Iron Man game is lined up alongside fan favorites CSI, Golden Eye 007, Medieval Madness, Family Guy, Flintstones, Apollo 13, and Lord of the Rings.
Fans lined up two or three deep to play some of these more recent popular titles.