Oracle and Google have squared off in a San Francisco courtroom in a case examining the relationship between Google's Android operating system and the Java programming language, created by Sun Microsystems but now owned by Oracle. Specifically, the case -- brought by Oracle -- seeks to determine whether Android infringes on patents and copyrights associated with Java.
This courtroom sketch shows Eric Schmidt, Google's executive chairman (right), being questioned by Oracle lawyer David Boies on Tuesday, April 24. At left is Judge William Alsup.
Editors' note:This slideshow was first published April 17 at 1:01 p.m. PT. It has since been updated with new photos and sketches.
Schmidt leaves the San Francisco courthouse on April 24. Boies had focused his questioning of Schmidt on Google's apparent ongoing concern, expressed in e-mails and documents, about whether the company needed to get a license from Sun, despite its alleged "clean room" implementation. Van Nest, meanwhile, focused on Schmidt's interaction with his old friends at Sun, who Schmidt testified didn't express any concerns about or disapproval of Android, or that Google needed a license to use Java APIs in Android.
Here, Boies questions Google's Android chief, Andy Rubin (at left). The attorney pointed to concerns expressed by Rubin in e-mails about "fragmentation," or creating incompatibility with the Java specification. After probing by Judge Alsup regarding what he thought fragmentation meant, Rubin said, "There was some caution on my side in using the word 'fragmentation'...My definition of fragmentation was incompatible implementations of Java."
Here we see Ellison again, during cross-examination on April 17. He appears twice -- on the witness stand and on the small screen. Asked by Google’s defense attorney, Bob Van Nest, if the Java language is free, Ellison hesitated, resisted, and then huffed, "I don't know."
Google's Page also made an appearance on April 17 -- but only in a video from his deposition on August 2011. "People would commonly assume Java is a platform," Page said. "I think Android is clearly a platform."
Ellison testified in courtroom 8 of the U.S. District Court in San Francisco that if "people could copy our software and create cheap knockoffs of our products, we wouldn't get paid for our engineering and wouldn't be able to invest what we invest."
When asked by Oracle attorney Boies if there are any companies that are using Java but without any of these licenses, Ellison replied, "The only company I know of that hasn't taken any of these licenses is Google."