Withthat have popped up over the last several years, you probably know someone (if not yourself) who was affected by one of the breaches. And if it was the or the that you were involved in, you've probably learned how important it is to check your credit report.
After all, your credit score is an important part of your financial picture -- especially when applying foror loans and making major purchases, like down payments on a new home or vehicle. Being involved in your credit is another way to verify that your . Note that looking into your credit score will not affect your credit.
If you haven't checked your credit score lately, start with a well-known company like Experian and Credit Karma (full list below). There are several that offer a range of services at different prices, including a free online check and free 30-day trial. Keep in mind that some companies require your credit card information, but they typically provide additional services, like insurance against identity theft and flagging suspicious use of your Social Security number.
So how does a credit score work? Everyone starts out with a FICO score, which is your creditworthiness number that can range from 300 to 850. The higher the number, the better. Some factors that affect your FICO score include "hard inquiries" like applying for credit (your credit is under review); "derogatory marks" like paying a bill late (these can keep your score down); and how much of your total credit you're using (the less you use, the better). You get a FICO score from the three major US credit bureaus: Experian, TransUnion and Equifax. Here's how these services break down.
Will checking my credit score affect my credit?
Many people believe checking their credit score will add a ding to their credit report -- but that's not true. Checking your own credit score is considered a soft inquiry and won't affect your credit. However, if you're applying for a loan or credit card and a company runs a credit check on you, that's considered a hard inquiry, which can bring your score down several points.
- Free 30-day trial
- Price: $20 per month
- Offers tool to help boost your credit score
- Includes identity theft monitoring
- Says it will address fraud if your identity or personal information is stolen
- Shows your FICO scores for all three bureaus (Experian, TransUnion, Equifax)
- Monitors your credit
Experian (or download the app for iOS or Android) is one of the major credit monitoring services that offers your FICO scores for the three bureaus. Experian can help you boost your FICO score by using utility bills that you're already paying to apply to your credit. Your new credit scores will immediately take effect.
The company monitors identity theft and conducts daily scans of dark web pages to detect if your information has been stolen. If anything is detected, Experian says its support team will help.
- $25 per month
- Includes free identity protection
- Unlimited score and report access
- Credit Lock Plus
- Up to $1,000,000 in ID theft insurance
Also among the top three major credit monitoring services is TransUnion (or download the app for iOS or Android). With TransUnion, you can check your credit score report as often as you'd like to see if your score has changed.
Identity protection is included through Javelin, an identity protection service provider. Your monthly fee includes credit monitoring, instant alerts if someone applies for credit in your name and up to $1,000,000 in ID theft insurance. TransUnion Credit Lock is a service that keeps your credit profile on lockdown until you unseal it. For example, if a criminal applies for credit in your name, the lock will prevent them from stealing your credit information.
- $20 per month
- Shows your Equifax three-bureau credit scores
- Includes identity protection
- Sends alerts about suspicious activities
- Monitors credit and Social Security number
The third main credit bureau in the US, Equifax (or download the app for iOS), suffered one of the worst data breaches in 2017 affecting more than half of all Americans. Equifax has a three-year plan to earn back your trust. If you were affected by the data breach, you still can file a claim (it's in the extended claims period now, so you'll need to file ASAP) for reimbursement on time spent recovering from identity theft or out of pocket losses due to the data breach.
If you're feeling forgiving, Equifax's services are on par with competitors. It provides a copy of your Equifax credit report and monitors your credit and Social Security numbers by scanning websites where consumer information has been sold. Equifax also sends alerts about suspicious activities, like someone applying for credit in your name on the other side of the country.
- Check credit score for free
- Monitors credit
- Shows credit factors and how they affect your score
Credit Karma (or download the app for iOS or Android) is a personal finance company. You can use it to check your credit scores as often as you'd like for free. You can also access your credit scores from TransUnion and Equifax, but not from Experian. Credit Karma monitors your credit and sends weekly updates and will notify you if there's any change to your credit score.
Note that Intuit is acquiring Credit Karma, which if you're concerned about your privacy and the security of your data puts a lot of your personal financial information into one company's hands.
- Check your credit score for free
- All personal information is encrypted
Mint (or download the app for iOS or Android) is a free service for managing your personal finances. In addition to tracking your payments, you can use it to find out where your credit score is lacking, like not having a long credit history, and where it's doing great, like paying bills on time. Mint shows you your on-time payments, credit usage (so you can see if you're reaching your limit) and average age of credit on one screen.
After you verify your identity, Mint will send your credit report summary and credit monitoring alerts if your score goes up or down.
- Check your Experian credit report
- Report information updates every 30 days
- Monitor credit usage, hard inquiries and late payments
FreeCreditReport.com is a pared-down service provided by Experian to access your credit report for free. The company provides you with an updated credit report every 30 days. You'll have access to your account history, like real estate and credit accounts. FreeCreditReport.com shows you hard inquiries on your account, tracks your credit usage and shows any potential marks against you, like late payments.
Note that this only shows your credit report and not your credit score. In order to see your score, you'll have to upgrade to Experian CreditWorks Premium. You can get a one month trial for $5.
Mixing and matching services may help cover more ground
When it comes to checking your credit, there are a lot of ways to go. You can select one service, or pair free services together to access your FICO score from all three major bureaus.
However, if you go that route, keep in mind that you won't have the promised credit protection and monitoring that Experian, TransUnion and Equifax offer.
For more details on data breaches that may have affected you or someone you know, check out.
Disclaimer: The information included in this article, including program features, program fees, and credits available through credit cards to apply to such programs, may change from time-to-time and are presented without warranty. When evaluating offers, please check the credit card provider's website and review its terms and conditions for the most current offers and information.