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Stimulus check: What is an AGI and how might it affect another payment?

If a second stimulus check gets approved, your adjusted gross income will play a key role in determining how much money you could receive. Here's how to find and calculate your AGI based on your taxes.

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Your AGI is crucial to your taxes and to your stimulus check, too.

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Some things about the second stimulus payment that's currently under negotiation may change, such as a specific qualification for dependents. But others are expected to remain the same, like the outsize role your adjusted gross income, or AGI, will play on determining how much of the $1,200 (or more) you could get with a second check.

Since a second stimulus check is expected to follow in the footsteps of the first stimulus check, we can explain the role your AGI will play -- and where exactly to find it on your tax forms. (And here's everything else you need to know about stimulus checks and taxes.)

While you're here, try our stimulus check calculator for an estimate of how much you could receive and learn how the IRS calculates your total check.

What is my AGI and what does it have to do with stimulus checks?

Your AGI is your adjusted gross income -- an amount calculated from your total income to determine how much the government can tax. Your gross income is the sum of all the money you earn in a year, including wages, dividends, alimony, capital gains, interest income, royalties, rental income and retirement distributions. After you subtract allowable deductions from your gross income (like student loan interest, alimony payments or retirement contributions), the result is your AGI, or taxable income, which you'll use to calculate your income tax. Your AGI is reported on IRS tax form 1040. 

Since it's a rough estimate of how much money you're bringing in after deductions from all your streams of income, the IRS uses your AGI to calculate how much of the maximum of $1,200 stimulus check you can get. 

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Where can I find my AGI if I filed taxes in 2019?

If you filed your 2019 federal tax return, pull out your printed records or PDF. If you used tax-filing software like TurboTax or H&R Block, you should be able to log in to those accounts to find a copy of your return. 

You'll find your AGI on line 8b of the 2019 1040 federal tax form. 

If I did not file taxes in 2019, where can I find my AGI?

If you didn't file federal taxes in 2019, you can find your AGI on your 2018 federal tax return. On the 2018 1040 federal tax form, you'll find your AGI on line 7. 

What if I didn't keep a copy of my federal tax return?

If you just can't find your tax return, you can find your AGI in two ways:

Method 1: Go to the IRS' Get Transcript portal and choose Get Transcript Online. You'll need your Social Security number, date of birth, filing status and mailing address from your latest tax return. You'll also need access to your email; your personal account number from a credit card, mortgage, home equity loan, home equity line of credit or car loan; and a mobile phone with your name on the account. Once your identity is verified, select the Tax Return Transcript and use only the Adjusted Gross Income line entry. You'll be able to view or print your information here. 

Method 2: If you don't have internet access or the necessary identity verification documents, you can use the Get Transcript portal and choose Get Transcript by Mail, or call 1-800-908-9946 to request a Tax Return Transcript. It'll take about five to 10 days to be delivered to you. 

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An IRS 1040 Individual Income Tax form for the 2018 tax year. You'll find your AGI on line 7.

Daniel Acker/Bloomberg/Getty Images

How can my AGI help me figure out how much stimulus money I could receive in a second check?

Assuming another economic relief package passes, the amount of money you could get from a second stimulus check depends on your AGI, your filing status (single versus joint) and how many dependents you have. You can check out our story on how to calculate how much money you'd get from a second stimulus check for some examples on how it could break down for you depending on your situation. 

If the second relief package follows the same guidelines for stimulus checks as the March CARES Act did, single taxpayers with a Social Security number and an AGI under $75,000 would receive the full amount of $1,200. As your AGI goes up, the amount you'd be eligible to get decreases. If your AGI is $99,000 or above, you wouldn't be eligible for the stimulus check. But again, this assumes that the eligibility rules stay roughly the same.

If you're filing as head of a household, you'd get the full $1,200 check if your AGI is $112,500 or less. The amount would decrease until you reach $146,500, at which point you would not be eligible. 

If you're a married couple filing jointly without children and your AGI is below $150,000, you'd get a $2,400 payment. That amount would decrease until you hit $198,000, at which point you would not be eligible for a check. 

How does my AGI affect my dependents?

If your AGI makes you eligible for a stimulus check and you claim dependents on your taxes, you can expect your final stimulus payment to include money for your dependents, who are unable to claim a stimulus check for themselves.

The total sum you could get for each dependent is still undecided. The latest White House proposal would give $1,000 per child dependent, while two previous proposals earmarked $500 per dependent, regardless of age. Another bill wanted to deliver $1,200 per dependent, with a maximum of three. 

For more information, find out if you're qualified for a second stimulus check and when you could expect a second stimulus check. If you still haven't gotten a first stimulus payment, you can track the status of your stimulus check, learn how to report your missing check to the IRS and find possible reasons why your stimulus check still hasn't arrived