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TikTok Ban Threatens Creator Economy: ‘There Is No Way I’d Have a Functioning Business’

The social media app gave them financial success. Could it all go away?

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If TikTok is outlawed nationwide, where does that leave the folks who depend on it financially to survive?

A ban would devastate so many people’s well-being, said Maria Watkins, also known as @livingplanetfriendly, a creator with over 256,000 followers who posts about living a low-waste lifestyle. “Many small businesses have launched their business on the app, and you don’t get this level of engagement on other platforms,” Watkins said.

The US government, citing national security concerns, is trying to force a sale or shutdown of TikTok but is up against a number of legal challenges, including from TikTok’s Chinese-based parent company, ByteDance. Several content creators also filed a lawsuit, arguing that prohibiting the app would violate their First Amendment right to freedom of expression. 

Beyond the debate around free speech and censorship, a potential ban on the popular social media platform is posing concerns over the future of TikTok creators’ careers and livelihoods.

The creator economy is massive. According to research reported on LinkedIn, there are currently 10 times more paid content creators in the US than the total number of police officers, doctors and lawyers combined.

Some people start on TikTok to monetize their hobby, share their life stories or leverage audience engagement as small business owners. Once a creator has at least 10,000 followers and 100,000 authentic video views over the last 30 days, they’re eligible for TikTok’s creator fund, which allows them to earn money based on how well a video performs. 

Many creators make content on a part-time basis to supplement their regular income, pay their bills, gain brand recognition and develop production skills. Others become full-time creators, earning around $179,000 a year, and bigger influencers make an average of $344,000. 

💰 How do people make money on TikTok?

  • Score brand partnerships: Product brands and services are increasingly partnering with creators who have a following because it connects them directly to customers.
  • Sell with TikTok shop: TikTok has a built-in e-commerce platform that allows small business owners to promote and sell their merchandise all in one place.
  • Participate in affiliate marketing: Influencers who promote a brand’s product or service through affiliate marketing make a commission any time a viewer buys the product directly via the online content.
  • Publish sponsored posts: Influencers and content creators can collaborate with brands to create sponsored posts promoting a product or service in exchange for a flat commission.

A TikTok ban could crush financial dreams

What started out as a hobby of decorating wide-brim hats is now the single largest revenue stream for Jenna Zapata. And it’s all thanks to TikTok. 

Jenna Zapata, co-owner and creative director of Zig Zag Galleries
Photo courtesy of Jenna Zapata

Zapata opened Zig Zag Galleries, aka @zigzaggalleries, a contemporary multiuse gallery space in Denison, Texas, in May 2020. It was a tumultuous time for mom-and-pop shops, as COVID-19 lockdowns shuttered over 700,000 businesses in just a few months. Zapata had to quickly pivot and find new ways to sell products online for her business to survive. 

When she saw someone selling customized drinking tumblers during a TikTok livestream to over 15,000 viewers, Zapata had an idea. Why not sell her specialty hats -- decked out with vintage matchbooks, dried florals, scarves and feathers -- on TikTok live? 

“I hear a lot of talk about how you need thousands, if not millions, of followers to be successful on apps like TikTok,” said Zapata. “But that means nothing in the grand scheme of things.” 

“I don’t think I’ll ever be able to find an algorithm that can push our business like TikTok does.”

In Zapata’s case, she would only need 1,000 followers to be eligible to livestream on the platform. Eventually, she started doing live “hat builds” two nights a week, customizing hats for clients and interacting with her viewers. 

Running a business is hard, especially in a small town, Zapata said. But with her newfound success on TikTok, she’s able to work with a financial planner and started contributing to a 401(k), something she never found feasible.

Zapata is convinced that the TikTok algorithm helps people who need the most visibility. “My TikTok account seems to land in front of exactly the right people,” she said. “I don’t think I’ll ever be able to find an algorithm that can push our business like TikTok does.”

@zigzaggalleries Replying to @themicroproducer just a little bit of information about our affordable custom hat bar! let me know what questions you have below! 🤍 #customhat #customhats #customhats4sale #customhatsforyou #customhatbar #customhatshop #hatbar #hatobsessed #hatobsession #westernfashion #westernfashioninspo #westernfashiontok #denisontx #denisontexas #zigzaggalleries #northtexas #northtexasshopping ♬ original sound – Zig Zag Galleries

Zapata has since been able to give back by renting out her gallery space to local community groups and offering scholarships for up-and-coming artists. She recently received a $5,000 grant from the city to host a meet-up for her hat club, which she built from her TikTok following.

“I’m only able to do these things because of TikTok. And it makes me so frustrated that it could all go away,” Zapata said.

Outlawing TikTok could turn lives upside down

Krystalynn Gier, also known as @krystalynngier, makes videos about wellness and sustainability that prioritize mind, body and planet. After getting laid off from her corporate marketing job right before Christmas in 2021, Gier decided to give TikTok a shot full-time. Now it’s her primary stream of income, mostly through brand partnerships. 

Krystalynn Gier, full-time content creator
Photo courtesy of Krystalyn Gier

When she lost her job, Gier started posting around six times a day to get out as much content as possible. “I was motivated by the fact that I was finally allowed to be creative at work,” she said. 

Her life virtually changed overnight. After one viral video, she gained 24,000 followers, and she now has over 46,000. She’s making the same amount as when she was a brand manager for a marketing agency. The money allowed her to kick-start her own business, launch her podcast Mind Body Planet and fund her day-to-day expenses. 

“Without TikTok, there is no way I’d have a functioning business and continue to be self-employed,” said Gier. 

The social media app has proven to be an authentic space for building connections and networks. “Finding community on TikTok was pretty unsuspecting,” said Gier. “If it goes away, we’re reverting back to other platforms where it’s normal to be inauthentic.” 

@krystalynngier So mcuh fun stuff coming so follow for more sustainability things!! 🌱😌✨ #sustainableliving #sustainableorgreenwashing ♬ Monsters, Inc – Gustav Lundgren & Unit

TikTok builds careers and success

Zapata and Gier are just two of the many voices on TikTok across the US who are both nervous and upset over a bipartisan bill that could effectively ban the social media platform. 

Megan Hoang (@another_internet_mom) is a lifestyle content creator who showcases her life in Portland, Oregon, as a mom and small business owner of Mad Haus Kids. Hoang said she’s gotten most of her business through the app, allowing her to earn a steady flow of income while giving her plenty of personal flexibility. “TikTok has made it possible for me to make money from home while I raise kids, as well as build a community,” Hoang said. 

“Without TikTok, there is no way I’d have a functioning business and continue to be self-employed.”

For Joshua Dairen (@joshuadairen), a content creator and owner of The Coffee Shop in Opelika, Alabama, TikTok has been an invaluable resource. Dairen is one of the few Black content creators focusing on paranormal activity and history in the South. 

In one video post, Dairen shares how his TikTok has changed his life. “I’ve become a self-sustaining content creator. I’ve had opportunities that I couldn’t personally manufacture myself in any way,” he said. His online content has opened other doors, including bringing the most business to his coffee shop.

The TikTok ban would have a massive impact on the financial livelihoods of people who rely on the platform to support or supplement them monetarily, Dairen said. What’s even more devastating, he noted, is how outlawing TikTok would damage the visibility given to minority-owned small businesses and creators from underserved communities.

@joshuadairen Just a few thoughts on the TikTok ban as a creator #tiktok #tiktokban #dairenormal #joshuadairen ♬ original sound – Joshua Dairen

Brennan Kai (@brennan.kai), a full-time content creator who advocates for food waste reduction, planet-positive eating, slow-living and climate action, lost her job in 2020 due to the pandemic. Kai applied to the TikTok education program on a whim, and she’s now getting paid to create content on issues she was passionate about, like sustainability and healthy eating.

“Without TikTok, I’d be significantly impacted in terms of work and income,” said Kai. 

Creators are transferring their skills to other platforms 

Though a TikTok ban wouldn’t go into effect until next year, and the federal law could be held up in the courts even longer, the future of the app is unclear. To prepare for the worst-case scenario, many content creators and influencers are transferring their skills to other avenues. 

Gier is preparing to shift gears, for example, by focusing on growing her following elsewhere. “If there’s any semblance of good news, it’s that the skills I’ve crafted through TikTok translate to other platforms like Instagram and YouTube,” said Gier. 

Kai has also been planning for a future without TikTok. “Since this has been a topic of debate for a long time now, I’ve focused on diversifying and creating content across multiple platforms so that I’ll have a backup without TikTok,” she said.

But trying to build a brand or business without TikTok, or even start from scratch, is nerve-racking. “I have to have a plan because we don’t know if it’s going to happen or when exactly it’s going to happen,” said Zapata. “The threat looming over us is honestly the worst feeling.”

Liliana Hall is a writer for CNET Money covering banking, credit cards and mortgages. Previously, she wrote about personal credit for Bankrate and She is passionate about providing accessible content to enhance financial literacy. She graduated from the University of Texas at Austin with a bachelor's degree in journalism, and has worked in the newsrooms of KUT and the Austin Chronicle. When not working, she is probably paddle boarding, hopping on a flight or reading for her book club.
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