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Privacy group shines light on Web bugs

The Privacy Foundation releases free software that helps consumers detect when a site or e-mail contains a Web bug.

A privacy group hopes to scare Web bugs out of hiding.

The Privacy Foundation released free software Thursday that helps consumers detect when a site or e-mail contains a Web bug--a barely visible tracking tag, also known as clear GIFs, used mainly by marketers to monitor consumer habits online. Consumers can download the software, a browser add-on for Microsoft's Internet Explorer, at the site Bugnosis. The software does not work with other browsers.

The release comes as an increasing number of Web sites and marketers adopt Web bugs. Many site operators and Net advertising companies place these tracking tags on their pages to collect information--such as which pages are being read most often--that lets them deliver targeted information to consumers. The bugs can also be matched with cookies, electronic files stored on a PC that can contain personal information such as name and e-mail address.

Too small for readers to see, the bugs also can be more invasive--for example, capturing a visitor's Internet Protocol address or installing pernicious files, security experts say.

The Privacy Foundation's software, called Bugnosis, detects the tracking tags on a Web site and casts a blinking bug on the page to notify visitors. It also lets consumers set the browser to utter an "uh-oh" sound when a bug is found. For the proactive, the software lets people easily send an e-mail to companies using the tags.

"Our goal with the software is to reveal how Web bugs are tracking all of us on the Internet and to get companies to 'fess up' about why they are using them," Richard Smith, the Privacy Foundation's chief technology officer, wrote in his privacy tip sheet.

"Any company that uses Web bugs on their site should say so clearly in their privacy policies and explain the following: why they are being used, what data is sent by a bug, who gets the data, and what they are doing with it," he added.

The Denver-based foundation is working on a new version to detect the tags in e-mail in Outlook and Outlook Express.

Other technology companies have created software to help consumers block the tiny tags from their PCs. Idcide, WebWasher, Adsubtract and Intelytics offer products that can either prevent Web sites from placing cookies on their computers or block Web bugs altogether.

In addition, Internet tracking and security company Security Space in a monthly report identifies companies that benefit from the use of Web bugs, including online advertising networks DoubleClick and, as well as Yahoo and America Online.

CNET Networks, the publisher of, also makes use of Web bugs, a practice disclosed in the company's privacy policy. According to the policy, CNET does not "aggregate or track personally identifiable information when using clear GIFs, only usage patterns."