As Snocap, is a far cry from the anarchic service that opened the file-trading flood gates in 1999. This time around he has created tools that he and his co-founders hope will allow other file-swapping services to operate with the blessing of record labels, with artists getting paid for downloads., his new company, dubbed
After more than a, Fanning himself is now outlining his vision for a new generation of file-swapping services that might rival the huge breadth of content available on the original Napster, without the attendant legal hassles.
"The last five years of peer to peer have enabled consumers to explore music that was otherwise inaccessible," said Fanning, who serves as chief strategy officer of the new venture. "It's going to be very hard to expect the majority of them to turn back."
If the company is successful, it could help transform peer-to-peer networks into an authorized distribution channel for music--and ultimately even movies, games and software--the same way that Apple Computer's iTunes has popularized download stores.
At the core of Snocap's offering is audio "fingerprinting" technology licensed from Philips Royal Labs and used to identify songs being traded on a network by their unique audio characteristics. Labels then provide Snocap with a set of rules to be associated with each fingerprint--for example, a song might only be allowed to be traded if it is wrapped in Windows Media digital rights management, which can be unlocked with a 99-cent payment.
Snocap won't be a music distributor itself. The company believes its main function is to help other digital music retailers, peer to peer or otherwise, gain rights to distribute record companies' content. Universal Music Group, for example, is already putting its entire catalog into Snocap's databases, along with associated rules on how the songs can be used or sold. Snocap said it's still in discussions with other labels.
Much of the material could come directly from the labels, and Snocap will maintain a "seeding" server that will fill networks with content that people aren't offering. But Fanning says he expects that users will provide their own content, such as the live shows, bootlegs and out-of-print recordings that made Napster such