British-based Vodafone has consistently stressed it is content with a 45 percent stake in Verizon Wireless, the largest mobile phone group in the United States with about 36 million customers, despite its wider strategy of gunning for control of overseas assets.
But the gloves might be about to come off.
One source familiar with the situation told Reuters on Tuesday that Cingular, the No. 2 U.S. mobile group, had made a formal bid for No. 3 rival, AT&T Wireless, which has a market capitalization of about $27 billion.
Bid terms remained shrouded in mystery as the European markets closed, but such a move would push Verizon Wireless into the No. 2 slot in the United States, which would throw down the gauntlet to Vodafone. Industry sources told Reuters last week that Vodafone, among others, had also cast its eye over.
"It would be really odd if Vodafone weren't seriously interested (in AT&T Wireless)," noted one industry source familiar with talks. Vodafone declined to comment.
Vodafone likes to stress thatis a prized investment that generates healthy dividends. But few experts doubt that the British mobile phone titan would prefer majority control over U.S. technology and service development, to fully integrate the business and create a truly global brand.
The price of control
Most market experts believe Vodafone would be unlikely to clinch control of Verizon Wireless without a hostile bid for majority shareholder Verizon Communications, a $102 billion group with fixed-line assets which Vodafone, a pure cell phone operator, would subsequently be expected to sell.
Such a bid would be complex, costly and is considered unlikely in a market that is just starting to pick itself up after one of the most precipitous share price falls in history.
But under former CEO Chris Gent, Vodafone won a reputation for aggression after a $225.3 billion record hostile takeover of former German ally Mannesmann in 2000.
Some analysts warned investors against assuming the financially powerful group would remain on the sidelines. Vodafone, which has relatively little debt and a solid credit rating, might not get a second chance to take control in the United States and might try to trump any Cingular bid, selling its Verizon Wireless stake back to Verizon Communications.
Unraveling the Verizon joint venture would be complicated, analysts say. And any bid for AT&T Wireless, which is 16-percent owned by Japanese cell phone giant NTT DoCoMo, is also expected to be earnings and cashflow dilutive in the short-term, partly because Vodafone would have to pay a premium.
But there are compensations. Unlike Verizon Wireless, AT&T Wireless has overlaid its network with Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)--a technology that is compatible with Vodafone's European networks and would allow greater roaming revenue from globe-trotting customers.
AT&T Wireless has a market share of about 15 percent, but pipswhen it comes to revenue. Analysts have penciled in revenue of about $16.5 billion for AT&T Wireless this year, compared to $15 billion for Cingular, a joint venture between BellSouth and SBC Communications. Verizon Wireless is forecast to generate about $22 billion of revenue.