Rogan, who took the job last December, said he's trying to revamp a massive bureaucracy of about 3,400 examiners who review 350,000 to 375,000 patent applications each year and have a backlog of about 430,000 patents. "We want to move away from the status quo," he said. "It is hurting technology. It is hurting our economy."
In the last few years, the patent office has suffered from increasing criticism directed at its low, and sometimes apparently nonexistent, standards for granting patents. Because the patent office's budget is linked to application fees, the more patents it approves, the more people are encouraged to apply--and the more money it gets.
Technology patents, especially those covering software and business methods, have drawn some of the most criticism and have been witness to some of the most high-profile legal contests. A patentagainst eBay, for example, could force it to change its successful auction system.
"The complaints you've heard about business method patents--are they before or are they now?" Rogan said, suggesting that many examples of problematic patents lie in the past.
Earlier this year, Amazon.com settled a long-running patent Barnesandnoble.com over Amazon's one-click checkout system. IBM recently said it would rights to a patent it received for a "system and method for providing reservations for restroom use."against
Another change that's under way comes in a Justice Department reauthorization bill, expected to be signed by President Bush in the next month, which would make it easier to challenge patents of dubious legitimacy.