Knives come in all shapes, sizes and styles. The mighty chef's knife is the most popular and most versatile kitchen knife and if you're going to put time, energy, research toward any single knife, this should be it. If you've ever, perhaps you've noticed some of those various styles and shapes. If you've looked closely, you might have even noticed that those styles are loosely associated with the regions in which the knives are made. (I stress loosely because knife manufacturers worldwide now produce myriad styles, so the lines have been blurred.)
There are hundreds of types of knives from every corner of the cooking world, but foodies and industry folk often use the term "Western" or "Japanese" to delineate two styles that most chef's knives fall into. If you're wondering what the difference is between a Western-style chef's knife and a Japanese blade you would not be alone. It's not all that common of knowledge but there are significant differences between Western and Japanese knives that you may want to know about and consider before selecting your blade.
What is a Western- or German-style knife?
Unsurprisingly, given the name, this is likely the style of chef's knife you're most accustomed to if you group up in one of the Americas or Europe -- ya know, the West. Historically, Germany has done the bulk of high-end knife-making so you may have heard these referred to as "German-style" knives.
Western chef's knives generally have a lot of heft and a thicker blade with a gradual curve that lends itself to a rocking cut. Both the weight and blade shape make a German or Western blade ideal for those more laborious tasks like rough chopping, dicing, and hacking at harder, dense vegetables.
and (both German brands are two of the best-known Western knife-makers. is an American bladesmith you may have heard about. The price for one of his custom blades is well into the thousands, and the waitlist is many years long.
What is a Japanese-style knife?
If you hadn't guessed, this style of knife was popularized by Japanese chefs and sushi masters. Japanese knives are often lighter than their Western counterparts. They also typically have straight blades which are thinner and thus, sharper, making them ideal for precision cuts like slicing, fine mincing, julienne, trimming, and cutting softer foods (tomatoes, fish). Because a Japanese knife won't give you that natural rock, repetitive cuts like chopping and dicing are made more difficult.
Because of the thin blade, a Japanese knife may also chip or dull faster and means they may require more care and sharpening. Some of the more popular Japanese knife manufacturers include, and .
Here's why you might want both
Whether or not you spring for both a Western and Japanese knife to have in your arsenal depends largely on the type of cooking you do, and how precise you want to be with your cuts. I didn't know the key differences between these two knife styles until not long ago and was mostly getting along fine with just a standard Western blade. Having learned more about the two knives, including how and when to use them, they almost feel like different kitchen tools to me now. I've grown accustomed to having both.
For chopping carrots, garlic and celery for a recipe, it's the Western that I want. But for cutting softer vegetables, slicing fish or trimming a tenderloin I prefer the sharpness, dexterity and finesse that a Japanese-style knife affords.
Because the majority of knife work that an average home cook does is some form of chopping, a Western-style knife will likely give you more mileage. If you're new to cooking and haven't quite leveled up to recipes with loads of thin, precision cuts and you're trying to decide, I say go Western.
If you've got a reliable Western-style blade and you're considering adding a Japanese knife, there are options for quality blades-- but most go for $135 or more. Know that a good, sharp Japanese knife can do all the work of a slicing knife so you can save your pennies on one of those.
There are also knives that walk the line between Western and Japanese knives, like $198(pictured above), which is an option if you're looking for the best of both.