If all you have is a basic cable coming from your wall and no cable box decoder, stop right there, you are done and you are not going to get surround sound.
First, you need to upgrade to a cable box or satellite box that has a 5.1 optical or digital coax audio output. That cable needs to go from the cable box to the receiver of your AV system (HTIB or components). Your DVD player will also go into the receiver, probably via component inputs/outputs (or HDMI if available-this also carries the sound so nothing else is needed)plus the digital optical or coax output from your DVD player to the corresponding input on your receiver. Everything else you hook up follows the same pattern on different inputs. Depending on the receiver and your preference, the video cables can either go through the receiver for audio/video switching or directly to the TV so you can use the TV's video switching on different inputs. Your choice. I prefer using the TV's inputs because I can watch TV with or without having the surround system turned on all the time.
I do not understand why you want to run something TO or THROUGH your DVD player. It is a PLAYER and that is all it does. It will not decode your cable or anything like that.
If you can return the TV, Vizio makes the same TV at the same price WITH outputs just different trim. That would solve most of your problems.
Alright I have a Vizio VW32L 32" TV, a Nintendo Wii, and a Panny es45vs DVD player. I wanna get some type of surround sound so I need to figure out what kind of receiver I need. Because the Vizio has no outputs I need to know how to setup everything. First I will run my TV cable through my DVD player. Then through its optical out I will connect it to the receiver. The HDMI slot will then be connected to the TV (will this transmit just the audio?). Anyways, next I bought the component cables for my wii so I will then run the audio portion to the receiver and the video to the TV (will this work?) Or should I run the two audio cords to the DVD which is then connected to the TV? ( will this transmit the high quality sound as my DVD has no component input only composite but the audio still only has two cords.)
Anyways if this is the case I will need a recevier that need only a digital optical input or one with digital optical input and component audio input.)
Please tell me what to do!!!