Microsoft Internet Explorer SSL Icon Error May Let Remote Users Impersonate Secure Web Sites
SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1010009
CVE Reference: GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH
Date: Apr 30 2004
Impact: Modification of system information, Modification of user information
Exploit Included: Yes
Description: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft Internet Explorer. A remote user can employ another site's certificate to cause the target user's browser to appear to be connected to the other site.
Emmanouel Kellinis reported that a remote user can invoke a combination of a META Refresh operation and an OnUnload BODY tag to partially impersonate a secure web site.
A remote user can create HTML that will perform a zero second refresh to the target secure web site. The HTML will also include a BODY onUnload operation using the window.location method:
< BODY onUnload='window.location=""' >
This will reportedly cause the browser to ask the target user if the certificate for the target secure web site should be trusted and then, if the target user responds to the affirmative, display the content of the security site. The URL will display the correct URL (of the malicious web site), however, the content will be that of the target web site and the SSL lock will be displayed in the target user's browser, the report said.
According to the report, if the target user clicks on the SSL lock icon, the browser will indicate that the page's certificate is not valid.
A demonstration exploit page is provided in the Source Message.
Impact: A remote user can create a malicious web site that, when loaded by the target user, may appear to be another secure web site [however, the URL will still be accurate]. A remote user can exploit this flaw to attempt "phishing" scams.
Solution: No solution was available at the time of this entry.
Vendor URL: www.microsoft.com/technet/security/
Cause: Authentication error, State error
Underlying OS: Windows (Any)
Reported By: "E.Kellinis"
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