That is an interesting problem, some USB work others don't. Sounds like there may have been a change in the hardware driver files caused by the changeover. I'd suspect manufacturer drivers were dumped and then microsoft drivers were substituted. Get all the driver files for the chips (particularly controller chips like north and south bridge) on your motherboard from the manufacturer and run their install files and reboot.
Serious guru points if you can solve this one!
Windows 7, UFDs and iPod Nano were working fine. Then I cloned the Windows 7 C drive using the Samsung Data Migration tool from an 840 Pro Series 2.5-Inch 256 GB SATA 6GB/s Solid State Drive MZ-7PD256BW to an 850 EVO 500GB 2.5-Inch SATA III Internal SSD (MZ-75E500B/AM). Running Windows 7 on the new cloned 850 I can't use any type of USB storage, including different brands of UFDs, or my iPod Nano. Device status for each of these says: "This device cannot start. (Code 10)" Other USB devices such as mice, keyboards, and Bluetooth adapters work fine.
I've tried everything I can find on the Internet, including the following:
Restarted the computer, maybe 50 times.
Tried updating drivers: I get "Windows has determined the driver software for your device is up to date."
Ran Windows Update several times.
Uninstalled ALL devices under Universal Serial Bus controllers and rebooted.
Tried Microsoft Fixit troubleshooter.
Looked for but was not able to find USB lowerfilter or upperfilter entries in registry editor (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Contro l\Class\), there are lowerfilter and upperfilter entries in other areas, including class diskdrives, the lowerfilter is SamsungRapidDiskFltr and upperfilter PartMgr, however I don't think that this is the problem since the Registry on the 840 system has the same entries. Interestingly, the registry export for the 840 Windows 7 is 607,727 KB and for the 850 (after clone) is 487,341 KB. Why such a huge difference? I'm tempted to input the 840 original Registry into the 850 new Registry, but concerned that there are such huge differences that it may cause serious problems.
I've tried these devices on other computers, they work fine. They also continue to work fine if I boot up when I go back to using the 840 system.
Uninstalled and reinstalled all Apple software.
I did find one other person who did a similar clone and ran into the same problem: