In 1892, Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge of allegiance and created its original salute, and lived to see a similar straight-arm salute used by the National Socialist German Workers? Party. Bellamy was born in 1855 and died in 1931. The National Socialist German Workers? Party had been in existence since 1920 (with electoral breakthroughs in 1930 and dictatorship in 1933).
Bellamy was a member of the "Nationalism" movement and a vice president of its socialist auxiliary group, whose members wanted the federal government to nationalize most of the American economy. Bellamy saw government schools as a means to his socialist "Nationalism." Bellamy lived long enough to see a similar salute and a similar philosophy espoused by the National Socialist German Workers? Party. Did Bellamy ever comment pro or con on the National Socialist German Workers' Party?s philosophy and salute? http://rexcurry.net
does not know. Yet.
Bellamy proposed his pledge and salute in an article about a Columbus Day celebration he wrote for the ?Youth?s Companion? magazine. The end of the article states ?Photographs both of the salute to the Flag and of some aspect of the Review would be prized local momentoes. One of these photographs, as well as the account of the Celebration clipped from the local paper, would also be appreciated in the office of the Chairman of the Executive Committee." (With Francis Bellamy listed as the Chairman of the Executive Committee). Historical sources suggest that the celebration was widespread and that Bellamy may have received a trunkful of photos of children in government schools reciting the socialist pledge and giving his straight-arm salute to the U.S. flag.
According to R. J. Rummel's article in the Encyclopedia of Genocide (1999) the top three most murderous regimes were: (1) the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 62 million deaths, 1917-'87; (2) People's Republic of China, 35 million, 1949-'87; (3) Germany under the National Socialist German Workers? Party, 21 million, 1933-'45;
Francis Bellamy lived in the U.S. during the first 14 years of mass atrocities and socialist disasters in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It is possible that Francis Bellamy was not aware of the horrific realities of his socialist ideas in the U.S.S.R. at that time.
Near the end of Bellamy?s life, as the monstrous National Socialist German Workers? Party grew, but had not yet attained dictatorship, Bellamy's collection of 1892 photos would have suddenly taken on a disturbing appearance. Bellamy may have barely missed that time when the photos changed from ?prized local momentoes? to embarrassing oddities that are suppressed by the media and by government schools today. Some of those photos are available at http://members.ij.net/rex/pledge1.html It is the only place on the internet that collects and publishes them.
Was Bellamy, like so many supporters of the socialist trio of atrocities (http://members.ij.net/rex/socialists.jpg), looking forward to the National Socialist German Workers' Party and his own socialist philsophy of "nationalism" and his straight-arm salute? Or was Bellamy looking Backward?
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