But you know it will "depend" on the phone and the owner or IT setting it up. You can google about the Android Phones and WIFI SYNC and we've had BLUETOOTH SYNC for over a decade.
The answer is yes. But setup is far from "Here, click here!"
Is it possible to sync e-mail/calendar/contacts from Outlook2003 with a smartphone, other than cabling the two directly together? I can do it on my phone, but that's because my company runs Exchange, hosts our own mail and is always connected to the Net. My wife has a work e-mail via her ISP and uses Outlook on her laptop, but she'd like to have the phone and all that Outlook data to sync back and forth without the hassle of cabling up on a regular basis.