In the film area and specialized in sound work. So if you can hear it, usually with the right mics you can capture it but if you are not telling the person you are recording them (USA and many countries) you can run afoul of laws.
If it's a specific direction, use a directional mic. FINALLY, he always makes a sound check and makes adjustments before the shoot.
If I use a sound recorder outside would it pick up someone shouting a few feet away for long periods of time?