Access Point is the main device for you to get connected.

Repeater is a device to 'bounce' the signal from your Access Point... in the purpose to extend the wireless range.

There are a Repeater that can also act as an Access Point (or vice versa - An access point that can also act as a Repeater--).

Which one is more effective?
Logically, a dedicated Access point is better than a repeater that acting as an access point.

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