If you're lucky, you can use the VGA port to export the video to a regular monitor to display, got that.
As you noticed, laptops are unique and can be a ARPITA. So, if you like crack it open and inspect all harness, wiring for any cracks, breaks in the thin foil connections/contacts, etc. Otherwise, find a video section and replace that module, and/or LCD segemnt. While you can possibly repair discrete componets, you rarely can find them alone or as freely as any other part, they just don't come easily., thus usually swapping out parts is the best repair procedure.
This may be a couple of years too late, but my sister had a Fujitsu Lifebook C-5130 thats screen decided one day to stop working. There is a blank screen, but it shows no graphics. I can increase or decrease the brightness of the screen, but that's about all. I know for a fact that the computer still boots up all the way and I still here the login music and the harddrive works when I use hotkeys that I'm familiar with.
A couple of years ago I took it to a laptop specialist to look at. From what they could see, it was a broken digitizer. I decided to forgo getting charged $100 for a part that I could put in myself. Unfortunately, it made no change in the screen.
I'm just looking for ideas on what possibly went wrong with the LCD. I really have no other clue. I used to build tons of desktops, but laptop parts have got me clueless. I hope someone out there can help b4 I scrap the whole thing.