of that .pst file that was on that hard disk, and the hard disk has gone south you've lost it, unless you pay a professional data recovery company for recovering it.
As we say here: you only lose what you don't backup. Which means: if you don't backup it, you don't mind losing it. But it seems you do.
Major tip for newbies, if your laptop is on & you have a SATA hard drive, if you bump it your hard drive will very possibly corrupt. I thought I put mine on standby, put it in my back pack and stupidly enough bumped it in my doorway when i was turning around to close the door. Now my hard drive cannot be detected and i must replace it. to recover data will be at least $2,000 so i cannot afford that. I decided I will just hold on to my corrupt had drive until the day it is cheaper to recover data.
On to my question. I had Outlook on there and it had all of my saved emails including online purchases, funny ones, sentimental ones, etc... I am almost fairly certain that there is no way to access these folders besides on that hard drive, which is now done for. Is this correct? Outlook on this computer has imported all of my sent messages somehow so I was thinking that there may be a chance of getting all those folders. I have pretty much come to terms with the fact that I cannot recover those folders, but I was seeing if maybe there is a chance.