Sorry, no. Unless you find a copy of the i386 or cab files on the hard disk you have to get a good copy of your XP CD. Too bad you didn't tell exactly which one as I could comment what other XP CDs could be used. For instance if I had a retail XP Home CD, the XP SP1 Home CD or XP SP2 Home CD has worked with my CD-Key. I can get a friend's copy without any copyright issues and use my CD-Key.
OEM CDs such as supplied with machines are not so interchangable.
I repaired windows and now it is doing the windows install thing. My CD got damaged and I cannot finish it. Is there a way to get through it by exiting or without the cd?